Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) become South Africa's first Black President, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his leadership in negotiating a bloodless revolution in that country.
Did You Know?
South African Prime Minister D. F. Malan
[1948 opening narration; South African police raid & bulldoze a Black shantytown
Mr. Speaker, today South Africa belongs to us. Where we shall be introducing legislation to implement our policy which we call Apartheid-the separation between the races. Races will live and travel separately. Education will be separate for all groups at all levels. Native reserves will become Black homelands. Work fitting for the White man will be reserved for him and him alone. Apartheid rests on three unarguable...