Brazil (1985) Poster



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Edited into 

Final Cut: Ladies and Gentlemen (2012)
Footage from this movie is used.


Sherlock Jr. (1924)
Battleship Potemkin (1925)
During Sam's escape from the torture chamber police advance down a set of stairs preceded by a cleaning cart as a reference to the famous scene on the Odessa steps.
Metropolis (1927)
Many themes of the city are borrowed from Metropolis.
M (1931)
À Nous la Liberté (1931)
Production line gag, use of pneumatic tubes
Modern Times (1936)
A few of the shots involving the robot about 15 min. into the movie are homages to the "eating machine" in Modern Times. The "split desk" scene later in the film could also be looked at as a reference.
The Green Pastures (1936)
wall sign: The movie has many references to classic films
Lost Horizon (1937)
Fantasia (1940)
Casablanca (1942)
Brazil (1944)
The Third Man (1949)
Ikiru (1952)
Mr. Arkadin (1955)
The Trial (1962)
Opening sequence (clouds) is shot for shot... entire story of man entwined within his dreams. Gilliam likewise acknowledges 8 and 1/2 on the DVD release as his inspiration for all his work.
Fantomas (1964)
Alphaville (1965)
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)
When Sam is about to enter Jack's office, there is a drop of blood on the floor which he smears with his foot - this is a clear visual reference to an almost identical shot in "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly" when Blondie is called into Angeleye's room after Tuco has been tortured
The Archie Show (1968) (TV Series)
characters Archibald & Veronica Buttle named after the famous cartoon couple Archie and Veronica
Brewster McCloud (1970)
Man flying on mechanical wings.
M*A*S*H: Tuttle (1973) (TV Episode)
Character is named and patterned after the mysterious Tuttle.
Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975)
'Brazil' uses a piece of music in the first Ian Holm scenes that was notably used in a comic sequence in Gilliam's previous film, 'Monty Python and the Holy Grail'.
Kagemusha (1980)
Man chased by large samurai in dream
Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back (1980)
Sam slays the masked Samurai, to find his own face behind the mask.
Heavy Metal (1981)

Referenced in 

Killer Klowns from Outer Space (1988)
Security guard's death alludes to "Brazil".
Batman (1989)
Inspiration for the production design
Millennium (1989)
There's Nothing Out There (1991)
Video case is shown in a video store.
Mystery Science Theater 3000: Stranded in Space (1991) (TV Episode)
Title mentioned
Mystery Science Theater 3000: Gamera vs. Guiron (1991) (TV Episode)
Joel: "Looks like a set from 'Brazil'."
The Fisher King (1991)
Poster visible in video store.
Singles (1992)
A Personal History of British Cinema by Stephen Frears (1995) (TV Movie)
Poster of this movie is shown.
Runaway Brain (1995) (Short)
Similar shot when Mickey first sits in the chair at the doctor lair.
Fargo (1996)
Troldspejlet: Troldspejlet Special: Besøg hos Rocket Science (1996) (TV Episode)
Jakob Stegelmann visits Rocket Science Games, mentioning the film
Gattaca (1997)
Star Wars: Jedi Knight - Dark Forces II (1997) (Video Game)
Flight code is eriamjh - code from Brazil (1985).
Pi (1998)
Grim Fandango (1998) (Video Game)
The 71st Annual Academy Awards (1999) (TV Special)
The Matrix (1999)
Mystery Men (1999)
3-wheeled car
Grand Theft Auto 2 (1999) (Video Game)
In Brazil, sam drives a Messerschmitt through a dystopian society. In GTA2, you can drive a car known as a "Schmitt" from an overhead view. The real referance is that your car can catch on fire as seen from an overhead view and Sam's is also set on fire and seen from an overhead view when he looks out to see Jill from the apartment complex
Mr. Murakami's Garden (1999) (Short)
Anxiety (2000)
Similarities in Gilliams bureacratic dystopia sub-plot
Futurama: How Hermes Requisitioned His Groove Back (2000) (TV Episode)
In the DVD audio commentary, Matt Groening mentions Brazil having an influence over the depiction of the Central Bureaucracy.
Woman on Top (2000)
Bait (2000)
Metallica: I Disappear (2000) (Video)
References a sequence in Brazil in which Jason Newsted is in a mansion struggling against hundreds of people that walk by him.
Metropolis (2001)
The Breed (2001)
Spirited Away (2001)
Green Day: International Supervideos! (2001) (Video)
Masks used in Music Video "Basket Case"
Lost in La Mancha (2002)
Mentioned during the "Terry Gilliam's Picture Show" animated sequence.
Cypher (2002)
Splinter Cell (2002) (Video Game)
In the "CIA HQ" mission, we learn that a targetted character is in the "Information Retrieval" department. This is a probable reference to the fictional department the main character from "Brazil" worked in.
Eddie Izzard: Circle (2002) (Video)
Forever Ealing (2002) (TV Movie)
Gilmore Girls: Happy Birthday, Baby (2003) (TV Episode)
Rory says that Paris's description of her mother's cosmetic surgery sounds like something from the film.
Once Upon a Time in Mexico (2003)
In Brazil, the main character ends up being strapped to a torture-chair-thing, while someone he trusts is about to drill out his eyes (POV shot). This also happens in O.U.A.T.I.M. Also, in one of the scenes blood appears on the camera lens, which also happens during aforementioned scene in Brazil.
Jersey Girl (2004)
Video case is shown in a video store.
Z Channel: A Magnificent Obsession (2004) (TV Movie)
Mentioned in a magazine article.
Pourquoi (pas) le Brésil (2004)
The female lead mentions this film in her voice-over.
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions (2004)
BraintrusDV (http://www.braintrustdv.com/interviews/slouching-eng.html) related the ending of "Brazil" with the ending of "FAQ".
Retrosexual: The 80's (2004) (TV Mini-Series)
this film is discussed and stills are shown
Film Geek (2005)
"The Battle Of Brazil", a book about this movie, is shown in Scotty's apartment.
Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory (2005) (Video Game)
In the beginning of mission 5, if you interrogate the first guard you encounter, Sam will talk about him being "Henry Tuttle", and the guard will remind you to fill out a 267b/6. Altough in the film it's just a 27b/6.
Lord of War (2005)
While talking to Ian Holm, Nicholas Cage mentions a character named Kurtzman. Kurtzman was a character played by Holm in Brazil.
Ströjobb (2005) (Short)
The office
The Dingle (2005) (Short)
A one-letter glitch in bureaucratic records sets the plot in motion.
50 Films to See Before You Die (2006) (TV Movie)
Makes the countdown, is talked about.
South Park: Go God Go XII (2006) (TV Episode)
The cap Cartman wears when using the time phone is based on the caps worn by engineers in this futuristic film.
Na plovárne: Na plovárne s Terry Gilliamem (2006) (TV Episode)
Terry Gilliam talks about it.
What the Pythons Did Next... (2007) (TV Movie)
Referenced by name
Death at a Funeral (2007)
Uncle Alfie (Peter Vaughan bound to the wheelchair) needs considerable help to get to/onto the toilet. The scene is almost identical to the scene in Brazil where Mr. Helpman (again Peter Vaughan in a wheelchair) needs Sams assistance for the same business.
The Simpsons Movie (2007)
Visual referenced in the epiphany scene.
Shoot 'Em Up (2007)
Let me give you a piece of advice. Never trust the people who stand to profit, plain and simple. They're the bad guys.
The Gene Generation (2007)
Production Design
Eftyhismenoi mazi: Animera tou gamou (2007) (TV Episode)
Poster of this film in the girls' room
Comedy Connections: Ripping Yarns (2008) (TV Episode)
Referenced by name
Chuck: Chuck Versus the Fat Lady (2008) (TV Episode)
The car of the Fulcrum agent following Chuck and finally kidnapping Jill is labeled "Tuttle electric". This references the character of engineer/"terrorist" Harry Tuttle in Terry Gilliam's "Brazil".
Iron Maiden: Flight 666 (2009)
When the band arrives in Brazil, the theme song from the movie Brazil is played over a shot of clouds in the sky.
The People vs. George Lucas (2010)
the fact that 3 different verison of this film are on DVD is mentioned
Repo Men (2010)
SPOILER: Both Sam Lowry and Remy face a bureaucratic organization. Later, when they are convinced of their victory over the system, it is revealed that they are just living an illusion, while in reality they were defeated.
Straw (2010) (Short)
ambiguous title, themes
Nostalgia Critic: Flubber (2010) (TV Episode)
Listed among the other films that have a breakfast serving machine similar to the one in Flubber.
Tales from the Future: Time Flies (2010) (TV Episode)
mentioned once
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (2010)
In the Ministry of Magic, a walking bureaucrat is followed by a swarm of note takers. Later, Yaxley is attacked by flying sheets of paper.
Take Me Home Tonight (2011)
Poster is shown in a video store.
Nostalgia Critic: Old vs. New: The Karate Kid (2011) (TV Episode)
Says how the movie has nothing to do with the location of Brazil
Scream 4 (2011)
Poster on the classroom wall.
Horror on the High Rise (2011) (Video)
mentioned by Mark Ayres and Andrew Cartmel as a possible influence on "Paradise Towers"
Brows Held High: Tideland (2011) (TV Episode)
detailing Gilliam's film career
God Bless America (2011)
SPOILER: The confusion between Frank Murdoch and Frank Burdoch's scans mirrors the bureaucratic confusion between Harry Tuttle and Harry Buttle
Holy Flying Circus (2011) (TV Movie)
During a dream sequence, Terry Gilliam says to Michael Palin "Until this whole thing blows over, just stay away from me". In Brazil, Michael Palin's character says this to Johnathan Price's character. Brazil is also directed by Terry Gilliam.
Cockneys vs Zombies (2012)
In the bank scene when they are taken into the office, the bank lady asks if they have a "27B stroke 6". This is the form that Sam Lowry asks the plumbers at Central Services for when they turn up in his apartment in Brazil.
Midnight Screenings: ParaNorman/The Oogieloves in the Big Balloon Adventure (2012) (TV Episode)
Dave says one of the cardboard cutouts looked like "the main dude from Brazil."
NCIS: Phoenix (2012) (TV Episode)
The missing "casefile form" in the episode has the same name as the infamous "Form 27B/6" that plunges Sam Lowry into a beaurocratic nightmare in the film. The use in "Brazil" is in turn an in-joke, as it is the number and floor of the address at which George Orwell lived when he was writing "1984".
The Screenwriter (2012) (Short)
"Central Services/The Office" is used in the movie.
Playing Evil: David Warner (2013) (Video)
mentioned once
The Zero Theorem (2013)
A spiritual successor to Brazil, this film draws many inpsirations and themes from the older film.
The Double (2013)
Eisenberg's character faces many obstacles as Sam Lowry does in Gilliam's movie.
The Cinema Snob: Basket Case (2013) (TV Episode)
"He's worked so hard on his Jonathan Pryce Brazil cosplay."
In Confidence: Terry Gilliam (2013) (TV Episode)
Talked about during interview.
The Babadook (2014)
The production design and colors used for the house interior, and especially the appearance and behaviour of the social workers is very similar to the look of the dystopian society in Brazil
The Cinema Snob: Brazilian Planet of the Apes (2014) (TV Episode)
"...they never attempted Brazilian Brazil."
Real Buddy (2014)
references in prod. design (logos)
Jupiter Ascending (2015)
Scene pays homage to the film
Litter Bugg (2015) (Short)
In the opening sequence, painted on the alley's back wall is 'DZ/015'. This is a nod to Sam Lowry's office number in the Terry Gilliam film 'Brazil' (1985).
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (2016)
The execution chamber in the film looks familiar to the torture chamber room in Brazil.
Rick and Morty: The Ricklantis Mixup (2017) (TV Episode)
The ending is a nod to the ending to Brazil, where the main character is believed to have escaped the tyrannical society he lived in, only to be revealed as a fantasy where his mind retreated.
Vermont Issues: State So Desperate for Substance Abuse Counselors It's Streamlining the Process (2017) (TV Episode)
Styx jokes that Vermont is over-regulated like the world of this movie.
Vermont Issues: Vermont SC Says Private Emails of State Employees Sometimes Public Records (2017) (TV Episode)
Styx compares Vermont to the world of this movie.


The Cocoanuts (1929)
Casablanca (1942)
Just before Sam Lowry says "Here's looking at you" to his boss, Humphrey Bogart's character in Casablanca can be heard saying that same, famous line "Here's looking at you, kid". Thus, the film is heard in the background, but actually never seen on screen.

Featured in 

What Is Brazil? (1985) (TV Short)
The Directors: The Films of Terry Gilliam (2000) (TV Episode)
Clips shown.
Getting Gilliam (2005)
Features a clip from the movie.
50 Films to See Before You Die (2006) (TV Movie)
Clips are shown.
What the Pythons Did Next... (2007) (TV Movie)
Clips are shown
Taking Liberties (2007)
Clip of police storming into a home is used.
Cinemania: Ypalliloi en drasei! (2009) (TV Episode)
Clips are shown
De wereld draait door: Episode #4.154 (2009) (TV Episode)
A fragment is shown.
The Daily Show: Craig Shirley (2012) (TV Episode)
clip used to illustrate how hard US Congress works
The Pervert's Guide to Ideology (2012)
discusion on ideology
Uvda: Episode #20.1 (2013) (TV Episode)
A short clip
1,001 Movies You Must See (Before You Die) (2014) (Short)
Clip is presented
WatchMojo: Top 10 Alternative Christmas Movies (2014) (TV Episode)
Ranks at #3
Chuck Norris vs. Communism (2015)
Clips shown
Nostalgia Critic: Jupiter Ascending (2015) (TV Episode)
Critic points out a scene that's an homage to this movie instead of a rip-off
Renegade Cut: Brazil (2015) (TV Episode)
movie is discussed and analyzed
Nostalgia Critic: Can a Film Be So Good It's Bad? (2016) (TV Episode)
Critic analyzes this film against his 'so good it's bad' theory


Walk East on Beacon! (1952)
One scene, a conversation between two men in snap brim trilby hats where they warily seem to talk around a subject so as not to give the other too much to go on was lifted intact for Terry Gilliam's Brazil (1985).

Spoofed in 

We're Back! A Dinosaur's Story (1993)
Elsa, the pteradactyl, flies with Louie through the N.Y.C. sky scrapers and over the parade towing ballons. Much like in Sam's dream where he flies through the stone monoliths and watches the FODS tow Jill in the rusty cage
The Science of Sleep (2006)
nightmarish scene at work where Stéphane sits at his desk (which is stacked high with piles of paper) then his hands increase in size until he can't work
Adventure Time: Power Animal (2010) (TV Episode)
Finn being trapped in a torture chair and scared of the brain machine. Jake comes to the rescue, but pretty soon it is all in his head.

See also

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