This movie was filmed at Central High School in Columbus, Ohio. Columbus City Schools had closed Central High, and several others, due to declining enrollment, after the court-ordered desegregation of its school system, which took effect in 1979, and resulted in many families moving to the suburbs, to avoid having their children bused to schools not in their neighborhoods. Since then, Central High School has been renovated, to become the new site of the Center for Science and Industry.
According to "Variety", the story was conceived by brothers Producer Aaron Russo and Executive Producer Irwin Russo, the latter of whom was able to draw on ten years real-life experience as a teacher in New York City.
The film has been considered an American high-school education version of Network (1976) and The Hospital (1971), which were both written by Paddy Chayefsky, and were both biting black comedy satires on the American media and health systems respectively. Teachers (1984) was directed by Arthur Hiller, who had directed The Hospital (1971).
The movie's radical black comedy story elements made the students in the film another Class of 1984 (1982). Teachers (1984) has also been considered as being a modern 1980s version of Blackboard Jungle (1955).