This movie was filmed at Central High School in Columbus, Ohio. Columbus City Schools had closed Central High (and several other schools) due to declining enrollment after the court-ordered desegregation of its school system, which took affect in 1979 and resulted in many families moving to the suburbs to avoid having their children bused to schools not in their neighborhoods. Since then, Central High School has been renovated to become the new site of COSI (Center for Science and Industry).
The first film that then teen actor Ralph Macchio appeared in after his box-office hit movie The Karate Kid (1984) which had been first released in the same year of 1984. Macchio's Rebel Without a Cause (1955)-like character in this film connected with his screen persona from his previous picture The Outsiders (1983).
According to trade paper 'Variety', the story was conceived by brothers producer Aaron Russo and executive producer Irwin Russo, the latter of whom was able to draw on ten years real life experience as a teacher in New York.
The film has been considered an American high-school education version of Network (1976) and The Hospital (1971) which were both written by Paddy Chayefsky and were both biting black comic satires on the American media and health systems respectively. Teachers (1984) was directed by Arthur Hiller who actually had directed The Hospital (1971) about thirteen years earlier.
First released in theaters in 1984, the movie's radical black comic story elements made the students in the film another Class of 1984 (1982). Teachers (1984) has also been considered as being a modern 1980s version of The Blackboard Jungle (1955).