Trading Places (1983) Poster


When explaining how their business works we can see a portrait of the Marquis De Lafayette over the right shoulder of Randolph Duke.
Jump to: Cameo (5) | Director Cameo (1) | Director Trademark (4) | Spoilers (6)
In 2010, as part of the Wall Street Transparency and Accountability Act, which was to regulate financial markets, a rule was included which barred anyone from using secret inside information to corner markets, similar to what the Duke brothers tried to do in the movie. Since the movie inspired this rule, it has since become known as the Eddie Murphy Rule.
The film was conceived as a vehicle for Gene Wilder and Richard Pryor. But when Pryor dropped out and Eddie Murphy came on board, he made a motion to get Wilder replaced because he didn't want people to think he was just trying to be another Pryor.
Several funny moments in the film came about by accident. The scene where Mortimer is trying to catch the money clip and having trouble wasn't supposed to happen that way, but both kept going with it and not breaking character, so it was kept in. Ophelia's "Swedish" disguise came about because Jamie Lee Curtis couldn't do the correct Austrian accent.
Eddie Murphy later admitted that while on the floor of the stock exchange in the final scene, he only followed the script, he had no idea what was going on as he found stock trading incredibly confusing.
The story about the Dukes' cornering of the orange juice market was probably inspired by the "Silver Thursday" market crash of 27 March 1980, during which the Hunt brothers of Texas tried to corner the silver market and subsequently failed to meet a $100 million margin call.
Every year Italian channel "Italia 1" broadcasts the movie in Christmas Eve nightfall.
Randolph and Mortimer always wear matching suits and tie patterns, only Randolph with a bow tie and Mortimer a necktie.
Premiere voted this movie as one of "The 50 Greatest Comedies Of All Time" in 2006.
The electronic status board at Duke & Duke's (seen prominently in the Christmas scene) is the "Big Money" board from Family Feud (1976).
The opening piece of music is Mozart from the marriage of Figaro.
In the scene with Valentine in the restaurant and Winthrope standing outside in the rain, Valentine is asked for his opinion about wheat. At that moment, the entire room stops speaking and leans into hear his advice. This is a reference to a series of 1980s commercials for the brokerage firm, E.F. Hutton. The tagline was, "When E.F. Hutton talks, people listen."
The exterior shots of Louis Winthorpe's house are of a real house on a very affluent street in Philadelphia. The wreath on the door was replaced when the producers wanted something bigger and better. They borrowed a hand-made wreath from a house across the street.
The Westin Hotel in Philadelphia has a restaurant named Winthorpe & Valentine after the main characters in the movie.
In the opening montage of Philadelphia there is a shot of the Rocky statue erected in Rocky III (1982) that was released the previous year and was still sitting at the top of the "Rocky" steps in front of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The statue now resides at the base of the museum steps.
Was filmed immediately after the Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983) accident, when Vic Morrow and two child actors were killed when a helicopter crashed during production. John Landis was later tried and acquitted of manslaughter, the first time in history that a Hollywood director was charged for a death which had occurred on set.
When Winthorpe and Valentine arrive at the World Trade Center, Winthorpe tells Valentine "In this building, it's either kill or be killed". This line was removed from some TV broadcasts after 2001, out of respect for the victims of the September 11th attacks.
DIRECTOR_TRADEMARK(John Landis): [police]: Frank Oz has a cameo as a police officer who is checking in Winthorpe's property when he gets arrested. In The Blues Brothers (1980), he plays an officer who is giving Jake Blues his property back to him. Oz later reprised the role in the sequel Blues Brothers 2000 (1998).
This was Ralph Bellamy's 99th film and Don Ameche's 49th film. This was Eddie Murphy's second film and he joked: "Between the three of us, we've made 150 movies!".
The theme of rich men taking in a bum and passing him off as an aristocrat is reminiscent of the George Bernard Shaw play Pygmalion, and also includes specific elements of Hoi Polloi (1935), a previous American film parody of the same play. The theme of a rich and poor person exchanging positions in life comes from the Mark Twain novel The Prince and the Pauper.
The punch line of Bunny's story ("...and she stepped on the ball") is a reference to Auntie Mame (1958), in which Gloria Upson tells a joke with the same punch line.
A scene in the movie not included in the final cut but seen frequently when the movie is shown on television (presumably to fill a longer time slot with commercials) occurs after Clarence Beeks talks to the Dukes via telephone and Billy Ray eavesdrops on their scheme. In the original cut, Beeks goes from the phone booth to the Amtrak train platform, holding the briefcase with the crop report. In the added scene, we see Beeks procure the reports from a secured vault where he pays off a security guard and opens a safe-deposit box.
In releasing his financial records for 2012, Al Franken revealed he still gets royalties for his appearance as the baggage handler.
This was Don Ameche's first film since Suppose They Gave a War and Nobody Came? (1970) 13 years earlier.
While she was making this picture, Jamie Lee Curtis stayed in Marlene Dietrich's apartment (12E) at 993 Park Avenue in Manhattan. She'd been engaged to Dietrich's grandson, production designer J. Michael Riva.
Winthorpe's watch - a "Rouchefoucauld" is named after French writer François de La Rochefoucauld. Winthorpe names six cities with the intention that the watch tells six different time zones, which is not the case. Monte Carlo, Paris, Rome and Gstaad all share the same time zone, so the watch tells only three.
The idea for the film was inspired by a tennis game. "There were these two brothers who were both doctors who I would play tennis with on a fairly regular basis, and they were incredibly irritating to play with because they had a major sibling rivalry going, all the time about everything," screenwriter Timothy Harris explained. He presented the idea of brothers arguing the nature versus nurture debate to his writing partner, Herschel Weingrod, and the two went to work.
Dan Aykroyd and Jamie Lee Curtis would later work together again on My Girl (1991), My Girl 2 (1994) and Christmas with the Kranks (2004).
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When John Landis was told that Don Ameche hadn't made a film in 13 years, he asked if the actor had died.
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When shown on television in April, 1987 it was the highest-rated theatrical film broadcast by any network.
The original title: "Black and White".
In the opening credits, at 1:13, the clerk is putting away Philadelphia brand cream cheese, from a box that is on top of a product labeled "Landis".
Ralph Bellamy and Don Ameche "cheerfully admitted" they were unfamiliar with Eddie Murphy and Dan Aykroyd's work. The two also said that Murphy and Aykroyd acknowledged that they were unfamiliar with Bellamy and Ameche.
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According to John Landis, Jamie Lee Curtis was a hard sell to Paramount, because she had only done horror films and wasn't known for comedy.
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The barbershop quartet song sung by Todd and his pals at the tennis club is sung to the tune of "Aura Lea" an American Civil War song written by W.W. Fosdick (words) and George R. Poulton (music). Elvis Presley's "Love Me Tender" is a derivative of it as well. Another version of Aura Lee is done in Revenge of the Nerds (1984). It's the song the Pi's sing to offer themselves as dates to the the Tri-Lambs (Hello Lambdas we're the Pi's/And we're here to say/We think you are special guys/Lambdas all the way...)
Alfred Drake's last film.
The Dukes' starting salary for Valentine ($80,000) is a little over $194,000 adjusted for inflation in 2016. Their $5.00 "Christmas Bonus" for Ezra is $12.14 in 2016 dollars.
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The exterior of the men's club is really the Curtis Institute of Music.
The final day of production for this movie was on March 1, 1983 on a beach in the U.S. Virgin Islands.
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The home used in the film is not the Rosenbach Museum and Library, but is a private home two doors west. Both houses, however, were built at the same time and originally had an identical floor plan. During the filming of the movie, DeLancey Place was closed for a few days. Denholm Elliott was the only actor in the film to visit the Rosenbach. The staff of the museum were all given Pennsylvania State Film Commission tee shirts.
John Gielgud and Ronnie Barker were offered Coleman the butler.
Prior to this film, John Landis didn't know who Eddie Murphy was. "48 Hrs. (1982) hadn't come out yet, but they'd previewed it, and Eddie Murphy had previewed very well, and they thought, 'Ah this kid's going to be a star,'" Landis recalled of his discussions with Paramount Pictures. "So they said, 'What do you think about Eddie Murphy playing the Billy Ray Valentine part?' And I of course said, 'Who's Eddie Murphy?'"
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The World Trade Center's commodity exchange, Comex, was used for the trading scenes, and real traders performed alongside professional extras. As reported in studio production notes, the shoot at Comex was initially planned for a weekday, but the appearance of Dan Aykroyd and Eddie Murphy on the set distracted business activities and $6 billion of trading was halted. The shoot was rescheduled for a weekend.
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The baggage handlers were supposed to be Rick Moranis and Dave Thomas as the Mackenzie brothers from SCTV (1976). When they fell through, Dan Aykroyd or Eddie Murphy recommended Tom Davis and Al Franken from their SNL days.
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The "other" Santa Claus is Mike Strug, a television reporter who still works for a network affiliate in the city of Philadelphia.
Randolph Duke has a picture of Ronald Reagan on his side of the Dukes' shared desk, while Mortimer has a picture of Richard Nixon. Bryan Clark who portrayed Stock Exchange Official #2 has often played former President Ronald Reagan.
The building used for the exterior of Duke & Duke Commodities Brokers is located at 123 South Broad Street in Philadelphia. As of February 2014 it is a Wells Fargo Bank.
Ray Milland was the first choice for the role of Mortimer Duke.
When "William" is dining in the fancy restaurant with Mortimer, Randolph, and a table full of other wealthy customers while Louie stands in the rain and watches him through the window, the muzak playing in the background is the same as that used in "The Blues Brothers" when Jake and Elwood are dining in the fancy restaurant and trying to get "Mr. Fabulous" to rejoin the band.
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The screenwriters hung out with drunk traders for research. "The traders I met and hung out with here in L.A., because it was three hours behind New York, had their happy-hours very early in the day," Herschel Weingrod explained to NPR. "You can imagine what they were like by, maybe, 2 p.m."
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The train scene and stock market manipulation is inspired by Dr. Mabuse: The Gambler (1922).
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The shooting schedule included fifteen days in Philadelphia for exterior scenes and for the interior of the Duke & Duke Christmas party, which was located at the Fidelity Bank Building on Broad Street. Other locations in Philadelphia included Rittenhouse Square, Independence Hall, a street of restored townhouses in Center City for the exteriors of "Louis Winthorpe III's" home and the Philadelphia Mint for the exteriors of the police station. New York City locations, which were shot in Jan and Feb 1983, included the Park Avenue Armory for the Heritage Club and the Duke & Duke office interiors and an Upper East Side residence, which was used for the interiors of Winthorpe's home. The apartment of Ophelia, Barney's Pawn Shop, and the interiors of the police station were all shot in New York City even though they had Philadelphia locations in the context of the film.
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The character Clarence Beeks shares his name with a jazz musician who recorded under the name "King Pleasure."
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Senator Al Franken, former writer on Saturday Night Live (1975), plays one of the baggage handlers on the train. Many connections back to SNL are in the film.
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Tony Sherer, who plays Winthorpe's friend Phillip (the one who says they "need a 4th for squash"), ended up teaching Drama and English at the same private grade school attended by Bryce Dallas Howard.
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Kelly Curtis: The country club member "Muffy" is played by the sister of Jamie Lee Curtis, and the exteriors of that scene were filmed at The Curtis Institute of Music.
Richard Hunt: Frank Oz' fellow Muppeteer is Wilson, the Duke Brothers' trader on the stock exchange.
George Folsey Jr.: The Executive Producer appears as the first man to greet Winthorpe at Duke & Duke. (Dan Aykroyd refers to him by his real name with the line "Morning Folsey".)
Nicholas Guest: Jamie Lee Curtis' future brother-in-law appears as Harry.
Arleen Sorkin: woman at party.
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Director Cameo 

John Landis: When Valentine is released from jail, he stands near three men in trench coats on the steps of the precinct. Landis has his back to Valentine holding a briefcase.

Director Trademark 

John Landis: [prison number] Louis's (Dan Aykroyd) prison number is 74745058, which is the same prison number as Jake (John Belushi) in The Blues Brothers (1980), also starring Aykroyd.
John Landis: [breaking the Fourth Wall] Eddie Murphy looks directly at the camera as he is being taken away in a police car and when Randolph Duke explains to him what a BLT is.
John Landis: [4th wall] When the Duke brothers talk down to Billy Ray Valentine about commodities, he looks directly into the camera as if saying, "These guys must think I'm a complete idiot."
John Landis: [SYNW] on a poster in the apartment.


The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

Randolph and Mortimer Duke later appear in Eddie Murphy's movie Coming to America (1988), where, in a cameo appearance, the two are homeless on the street and Prince Akeem gives them a large amount of money to get them back off the streets.
Don Ameche's strong religious convictions made him uncomfortable with swearing. This proved a problem for the scene at the end of the movie where he had to shout out "Fuck him!" to a group of Wall Street executives. When he did act out the scene, it had to be done in one take because Ameche refused to do a second one.
The main titles are accompanied by the overture to "The Marriage of Figaro" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and in an early scene, as Louis is leaving his office he whistles the beginning of the aria "Se vuol ballare" from the opera. In that aria, Figaro declares his plan to turn the tables on his master - just as Louis and Billy Ray will eventually outwit the Duke brothers.
Winthorpe and Valentine conduct what's known as "short selling:" selling stock (or commodities) that one doesn't own, and then repurchasing the security at a lower price. It's the same principle as "buy low, sell high," just with the actions performed in reverse order. This is available to most clients, in the sense that they borrow the security from the holdings of their brokerage houses. It doesn't seem like Winthorpe and Valentine have a house from which to borrow their FCOJ contracts, but Winthorpe appears to have had the guts to short sell on the fly, knowing the consequences of a mistake.
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The Duke Brothers' manipulation of Louis and Billy Ray's fates is similar to God and Satan's bet in the Book of Job in the Old Testaments. God presents Job as a good example of a righteous man, but Satan says he is only faithful to God because God has rewarded him. To test his faith, God agrees to let Satan take away all of his friends and riches. The climax, in which Louis and Billy Ray take their revenge by using false information to trick the brothers into losing money at the stock exchange, is not unlike how Edmond Dantes take his revenge on Danglars in The Count of Monte Cristo.
G. Gordon Liddy was offered the part of Clarence Beeks but turned it down after discovering Beeks' fate. Beeks is reading Liddy's book, "Will", on the train. Maurice Copeland, who plays the Secretary of Agriculture, also played Attorney General John Mitchell in Will: The Autobiography of G. Gordon Liddy (1982).

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