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Grease (1978) Poster

(1978)

Trivia

Carrie Fisher was considered for the role of Sandy. Randal Kleiser went to the Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977) mixing stage to visit his college roommate, George Lucas, and to see her in one of the battle scenes. But Kleiser couldn't tell from the scene whether Fisher was right for the part, so he kept looking.
Rizzo's hickeys were real. Stockard Channing said in an interview that Jeff Conaway insisted on applying them himself.
"You're the One That I Want" took just one afternoon to film.
In the stage play, the song "Look at Me, I'm Sandra Dee" had a reference to Sal Mineo, who was murdered in 1976. For the movie, the lyric was changed to reference Elvis Presley, who died the same day the scene was filmed.
The highest-grossing movie of 1978
The dance contest scene was filmed during the summer when the school was closed. The gym had no air conditioning and the doors had to be kept closed to control lighting, so the building became stifling hot. On more than one occasion, an extra had to be taken out due to heat-related illness.
Jeff Conaway stated in an episode of Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew (2008) that while filming the scene/song "Greased Lightning" he was dropped by his fellow cast members and injured his back leading to his addiction to prescription painkillers.
"Hopelessly Devoted to You" was written and recorded after the movie had wrapped. The producers felt they needed a strong ballad and had Olivia Newton-John come back to film her singing this song. This song ended up receiving an Academy Award nomination.
Due to a zipper breaking, Olivia Newton-John had to be sewn into the trousers she wears in the last sequence (the carnival at Rydell).
Elvis Presley turned down the role of The Guardian Angel in the 'Beauty School Drop-Out' scene. When 'Allen Carr (I)' first bought the film rights to Grease, he envisioned Elvis as Danny and Ann-Margret as Sandy.
Jeff Conaway (6' 1½" (1.87 m)) had to walk slightly stooped so that John Travolta (6' 2" (1.88 m)) would appear taller.
Henry Winkler, who became a sensation as "Fonzie" on Happy Days (1974), was considered for the role of Danny Zuko. However, he turned down the role for fear of being typecast.
In the scene where the cast are near the bridge after the car race, the water on the ground was stagnant and dangerous. Some cast members became ill from filming as the setting was a derelict place full of dirt and rubbish.
Set in high school, most of the principal cast were way past their high school years. When filming began in June 1977, John Travolta was 23, Olivia Newton-John was 28, Stockard Channing was 33, Jeff Conaway was 26, Barry Pearl was 27, Michael Tucci was 31, Kelly Ward was 20, Didi Conn was 25; Jamie Donnelly was 30, Eddie Deezen was 20, and Annette Charles was 29; Dinah Manoff and Lorenzo Lamas were both 19.
For a time, it was the third highest-grossing movie of all time behind only Jaws (1975) and Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977).
"Greased Lightning" was supposed to be sung by Jeff Conaway's character, Kenickie, as it is in the stage version. John Travolta used his clout to have his character sing it. The director felt it was only right to ask Conaway if it was okay. At first he refused, but he eventually gave in.
The film takes place in 1958.
When Olivia Newton-John was cast as Sandy, her character's background had to be changed to accommodate Newton-John's own background. In the original Broadway musical Sandy was an all-American girl and her last name was Dumbrowski. In the movie version, she became Sandy Olsson, from Australia. Also, because of Newton-John's casting, John Farrar (Newton-John's frequent songwriter) had to write two new songs for the film while other songs from the Broadway musical were dropped.
According to Didi Conn in an interview on KGO-AM, there were plans for a sequel named "Summer School" (distinct from Grease 2 (1982)) but Paramount later nixed the idea. This idea grew out of Coach Calhoun's line "See you in summer school" to Putzie before he is hit with a pie in the carnival scene near the end.
Randal Kleiser shot a scene of Kenickie and Rizzo getting into a heated argument, which explained their attitude towards each other in the diner scene (where Rizzo threw the malt at Kenickie). The fight scene was cut because it didn't match the tone of the rest of the film; it was much grittier, described by one crew member as "looking like something Martin Scorsese might have directed."
The final musical scene, "You're the One That I Want" was filmed with the help of a traveling carnival. However, director Randal Kleiser decided the next day that additional scenes were needed for close-ups. Unfortunately the carnival had left town, so set decorators were called in to build replica backgrounds that matched the carnival ride's construction for the close-ups.
Olivia Newton-John requested to have a screen test before she accepted the role of Sandy. The director Randal Kleiser agreed and they shot the 'drive-in movie' scene with Danny and Sandy as a trial. Newton-John was pleased and went on with filming.
In the decades following the film's release, a conspiracy theory circulated that Sandy actually drowned and the rest of the film is a near-death hallucination. Furthermore, the theorists claim the famous 'fly-away' ending is Sandy's ascent to heaven.
It was released again in theaters in 1998 for a couple of reasons: to mark the 20th anniversary of the original and because the year before, a dance mix of songs from the soundtrack became a big hit on radio.
This was the film on which Jeff Conaway became addicted to drugs. While he was shooting the "Greased Lightning" musical number, and he was accidentally dropped, hurting his back. He started taking pain killers, eventually then abusing prescription drugs, starting Conaway on the downward spiral into drug addiction until he died in 2011 at age 60.
The original Broadway production opened at the Eden Theater on February 14, 1972 and ran for 3,388 performances, setting a record. Adrienne Barbeau and Barry Bostwick were in the original Broadway cast. John Travolta appeared at some time as a replacement on Broadway in the role of "Doody". Marilu Henner, an alumna of the original Chicago production, appeared as a replacement in the role of "Marty". Patrick Swayze and Treat Williams were both replacements as Danny Zuko. Richard Gere is also listed as an understudy to many male roles, including Danny Zuko. Gere played Zuko in the London production in 1973.
The twenty principal background dancers all had character names, among them Sauce, Bart, Bubba, Midge and Moose.
John Travolta started rehearsals just four days after completing filming for Saturday Night Fever (1977). Having two mega-hit movies in a row made it difficult to return to honour his contract for Welcome Back, Kotter (1975), but he fulfilled his contract, albeit with a reduced presence, and eventually left the show to pursue a movie career full-time.
Danny's blue windbreaker at the beginning of the film was intended as a nod to Rebel Without a Cause (1955).
Was re-rated. In 1978, it received a PG rating
Several musical numbers were not used in the film. They appear, however, as jukebox tunes, or band numbers at the high school dance. Among them "Freddy, My Love", "Those Magic Changes", and "It's Raining on Prom Night" all of which were performed by characters in the stage musical.
The film was released in Spain and Latin America as Brillantina (Brilliantine) - because its English title translated as "Grasa" or "fat" in Spanish. Released as Vaselina in Mexico.
In 1978, the film grossed just under $160 million domestically, more than other renowned movies that year such as Superman (1978), Animal House (1978) or Halloween (1978). To date, it has grossed a domestic total of $188,755,690 and a worldwide total of $394,955,690. But it accomplished it all on a budget of just $6 million. It also became the highest-earning musical of all time. The second highest-grosser is Chicago (2002).
Stockard Channing was not the first choice for the role of Rizzo; Lucie Arnaz was allegedly dropped from consideration when her mother, Lucille Ball, called Paramount and said, "I used to own that studio; my daughter's not doing a screen test!" (Ball actually owned the studio Desilu which was bought by Paramount). The part went to Channing when the casting director remembered seeing her with Lucie in the play, "Vanities" at the Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles (the third member of the cast was Sandy Duncan).
The high school is filmed at Venice High School in Venice, CA.
The official premiere after-party was at Studio 54.
Deep Throat (1972) star Harry Reems was originally cast as the coach but Paramount eventually gave the role to Sid Caesar as protests over the porn past of Reems were threatening the movie's success.
Choreographer Patricia Birch worked with Sha-Na-Na to ensure that the tempo of the dance contest would be correct. She appears, uncredited, as one of the dancers during the contest.
Randal Kleiser hated the song "You're the One That I Want." saying it "sounded awful."
Rydell High is a reference to teen idol Bobby Rydell who had a million selling hit with "Swingin' School" in 1960.
Randal Kleiser hated the opening song "Grease". He felt the lyrics were too dark and cynical and that it didn't fit the 1950s setting. He also felt the stream of consciousness lyrics Barry Gibb wrote for the opening theme were quite out of place and inappropriate for the light and fun movie he was making. But with Barry Gibb and his Bee Gee Brothers riding high with the Robert Stigwood organization from the Saturday Night Fever (1977) success and Kleiser being a young upstart director, he felt he had no clout to ask for any changes.
In the malt shop the angel tells Frenchy to "Wipe off that angel face and go back to high school!". Angel Face is a brand of makeup sold by Ponds which was very popular during the 1950s.
Jeff Conaway was so infatuated with Olivia Newton-John he was tongue-tied whenever she was around. He later married Olivia's sister, Rona.
For the new Broadway revival, the song "Since I Don't Have You" was added to the score due to Warren Casey's death.
In the malt shop the angel tells her that if she gets her diploma she can join a steno pool. Being a stenographer, which involved listening to someone dictate letters and then typing them, was one of the few jobs offered to young and inexperienced girls in the 1950s. They would hire into a company and then, basically, wait until they were needed. There were often several girls in the steno resource pool.
Although cut from the movie, The Alma Mater/Parody instrumental from the stage version can be heard in the office on the last day and during the carnival scenes.
Susan Dey and Deborah Raffin were the first choices for the role of Sandy. Dey declined the role after her manager advised against it.
This was the highest grossing film of 1978, but garnered only 1 Oscar nomination, and that was for a song that wasn't even supposed to be in the movie, "Hopelessly Devoted To You." After filming ended, the producers decided Olivia Newton-John needed a ballad, so they wrote the song, shot a scene with her singing it, and kept it in the movie.
Lorna Luft tested for the role of Rizzo. She eventually played the role in a 1980 summer stock tour of the original stage musical. She also went on to play the role of Paulette in Grease 2 (1982).
Olivia Newton-John insisted on a screen test for the role of Sandra Dee. She was concerned that she didn't have the acting skills and that she would look too old to be a high school student. The screen test would allay those fears. She got the part that had originally been meant for Susan Dey, best known fo Laurie Partridge in The Partridge Family (1970), but turned it down on her manager's advice.
Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
Marie Osmond told Larry King that she turned down the role of Sandy because she "didn't want my teenagers some day to say, you know, 'You have to go bad to get the boy.' It was just a personal choice as a some day mother."
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Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey, who wrote the original stage play, were originally supposed to serve as executive producers of the film but got kicked off the set by Allen Carr. Patricia Birch who was choreographer on the Broadway stage continued her role in the movie version and the film original song "Sandy" was co-written by Louis St. Louis who wrote some songs used in the film.
John Travolta argued with Randal Kleiser over the end of the song "Sandy". He wanted a close-up of himself instead of the cartoon shot of a hot dog diving into a bun. Kleiser got his way.
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John Travolta insisted that he have "blue black hair like Elvis Presley and Rock Hudson in the movies" because "it's surreal and it's very 1950s."
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Despite the fact that Laserblast (1978) is predominantly known as Eddie Deezen's acting debut, Grease (1978) was filmed first.
Allan Carr wanted porn star Harry Reems to play Coach Calhoun and offered him the part after a screening of Casablanca (1942) at Hugh M. Hefner's mansion. The studio wouldn't have it. "They bounced me out of the cast," Reems said. "They thought they might lose some play dates in the South." Carr felt so badly about it that he wrote Reems a personal check for $5000.
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Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey, who wrote the original musical's book, weren't invited on set during production of the movie. John Travolta had played Danny over 100 times on the road doing the musical, and gradually got more lines from Jacobs and Casey's version into the film, which was written by Allan Carr and Bronté Woodard. When Travolta didn't think a line of dialogue was working, he would quote a line from the original, and Kleiser would tend to agree and use that line instead.
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Steve Krantz and Ralph Bakshi originally had the rights to the film adaptation to Grease, and had wanted to do it as an animated musical. When Krantz and Bakshi's partnership fell through, Robert Stigwood acquired the film rights.
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Allan Carr met Olivia Newton-John at a party thrown by fellow Australian singer Helen Reddy and was "completely smitten" and begged her to sign on for the part. John Travolta told The Morning Call that he rallied for Newton-John to get the part, too.
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Before the slumber party scene, the girls painted each other's nails, talked dirty, and had a pillow fight.
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Jeff Conaway had a crush on Olivia Newton John during the filming of Grease. He didn't have any kind of a relationship with her, although he did have a fling with Debra Buckner (Patty Simcox) during the production. And years later he did marry Rona, Olivia Newton John's sister.
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Nancy Kyes was considered for the role of Rizzo.
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Scenes inside the Frosty Palace contain obvious blurring of various Coca-Cola signs. Prior to the film's release, Allan Carr had made a product-placement deal with Coca-Cola's main competitor Pepsi (for example, a Pepsi logo can be seen in the animated opening sequence). When Carr saw the footage of the scene with Coca-Cola products and signage, he ordered Randal Kleiser to either reshoot the scene with Pepsi products or remove the Coca-Cola logos from the scene. As reshoots were deemed too expensive and time-consuming, optical mattes were used to cover up or blur out the Coca-Cola references. The "blurring" covered up trademarked menu signage and a large wall poster, but a red cooler with the logo could not be sufficiently altered so was left unchanged. According to Kleiser, "We just had to hope that Pepsi wouldn't complain. They didn't."
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John Travolta revealed in a 1998 interview that Linda Ronstadt was considered for Sandy.
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Allan Carr wanted Andy Warhol to play the art teacher. One unnamed studio executive said he would not have "that man" in the movie, which Carr interpreted as the executive having a personal vendetta against the legendary artist.
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John Travolta kept lip-syncing "heap lap trials" instead of "heat lap trials," and Randal Kleiser claims you could see this in the finished product. Kleiser believed Travolta was distracted after reading a magazine article that morning about his recently deceased girlfriend, Diana Hyland, who had passed away from cancer.
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In 1997, Randal Kleiser called Sherry Lansing, then head of Paramount, and insisted that the film had to come back again for its 20th anniversary. Lansing informed Kleiser that George Lucas had called her a few days earlier and said that out of all of the movies in the Paramount vault, this was the one that should come back. Lucas explained that every nine-year-old he knew watched a VHS copy of Grease every day.
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Lorenzo Lamas was cast as Tom Chisum after Steven Ford dropped out.
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Didi Conn (Frenchy) hid under a security guard's desk to sneak a peek at the script before her audition.
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The "blonde pineapple" line was improvised by Barry Pearl (Doody).
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Jamie Donnelly had prematurely grey hair, which she dyed black to play Jan. Her hair grew really quickly, so her roots had to be coloured in daily with a black crayon.
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One of the dancers passed out from sun stroke while filming in 106 degree heat.
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Olivia Newton-John still owns Sandy's leather trousers, but has never worn them since.
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Kelly Ward (Putzie) came to auditions to help out choreographer Pat Birch and ended up getting cast.
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Terminator star Michael Beihn makes an appearance in Grease in the scene where Danny and Kennickie put the frog in Patty's bag.
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In a case of life imitating art, Didi Cohn (Frenchy) said that most of the cast became like a family. But she also said Debra Buckner (Patty Simcox) was a bit of an outcast, much like her character: "We all made fun of her and ignored her", she stated in a recent interview.
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Ralph Bakshi the famed adult animator in the 70s who did Fritz the Cat originally attempted to buy the rights to Grease to do a full length animated musical out of it, but those plans fell through. Bakshi wound up making Lord of the Rings instead, stealing the thunder from John Boorman, who was looking to adapt the Tolkein book. Boorman eventually wound up making Excalibur instead.
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The number plate of the Pink Ladies' car is FLH336 and Greased Lightnings is DXJ432.
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There have been Summer theatre productions of the film.
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John Travolta turned down the male lead in Pretty Baby (1978) in order to star in this film.
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The high school was right next to a pork plant, so everything smelled like bacon.
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Barry Pearl (Doody) choreographed the slapstick routine based on The Three Stooges.
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While shooting, the cast was challenged to a softball game by the cast of The Bad News Bears (1976). John Travolta pitched.
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The cast chewed about 100,000 pieces of bubble gum during the whole shoot, up to 5,000 pieces a day.
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The cast had a sock hop on the first day of rehearsal to learn dance moves and get to know each other.
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At the cast party, the T-Bird actors handed out buttons with a picture of them mooning the camera.
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Randal Kleiser got the idea for the swings from his hometown drive-in in Lebanon, PA.
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Most of the extras won a nationwide contest to be in the film.
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The actual hand jive is a dance just for the hands. Choreographer Patricia Birch added the feet and jumps.
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Rydell High is named after Bobby Rydell, a teen idol from the '50s and '60s.
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An extra fight scene between Kenickie and Rizzo to explain why she throws the shake at him. The producers decided it was too heavy for the movie, calling it the "Martin Scorsese scene."
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Eddie Deezen (Eugene) would also appear in the other big rock and roll period piece of 1978, Robert Zemeckis' "I Wanna Hold Your Hand". He became very popular during this period playing stock nerd characters in movies, his most famous role probably being Eddie Malvin in "Wargames"(1983).
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They were thinking of making the whole movie animated. After scrapping that idea they decided to making the opening credits animated as an homage to their animation idea.
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Ralph Bakshi the famed adult animator in the 70s who did Fritz the Cat originally attempted to buy the rights to Grease to do a full length animated musical out of it, but those plans fell through. Bakshi wound up making Lord of the Rings instead, stealing the thunder from Robert Boorman, who was looking to adapt the Tolkein book. Boorman eventually wound up making Excalibur instead.
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Thousands auditioned to be one of the twenty principal dancers, who were each given characters to portray.
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Producers Allan Carr and Robert Stigwood are both gay, as is director Randall Kleiser. There have been rumors about John Travolta also but he denies them.
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See also

Goofs | Crazy Credits | Quotes | Alternate Versions | Connections | Soundtracks

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