Dada came out of the craziness of World War One. "The birth of Dada was not the beginning of art but of disgust." Surrealism tried to systematize Dada's anarchy into an artistic blend of Freudian psychoanalysis and Marxist provocation. In the interests of conquering the irrational, Salvador Dali opened exhibitions dressed in a diving suit, Marcel Duchamp turned himself into woman, Benjamin Peret assaulted priests, and Yves Tanguy ate spiders. Andre Breton, nicknamed "the Pope of Surrealism", led an inspired gang of artists, lunatics and writers. By the 1950s they were denouncing each other for betraying the movement, but their ideas had infected Hollywood, advertising agencies and were turning up as TV humor and album covers. Written by
Dada and Surrealism
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[as Rene Magritte
I do not believe that man decides anything. Neither the future nor present of humanity. A universe of chance? I don't know. Unknown forces? I hate talking about that, because it doesn't mean anything; like talking about symbols. I think we are responsible for the universe, but this does not mean that we decide anything. Cause and effect? That's determinism, and there again; one would have to believe in it. If one is a Determinist, one must always believe that there is a cause ...
Nickolas Grace and Dennis Clinton appear by permission of the Royal Shakespeare Company See more