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Axe (1977)
"Lisa, Lisa" (original title)

 -  Horror | Thriller  -  23 July 1977 (USA)
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Ratings: 4.7/10 from 735 users  
Reviews: 42 user | 32 critic

Three criminals on a murder spree arrives at a farmhouse, where a girl is living with her paralyzed grandfather.

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Cast overview, first billed only:
Leslie Lee ...
Jack Canon ...
Ray Green ...
Frederick R. Friedel ...
Douglas Powers ...
Frank Jones ...
Carol Miller ...
George J. Monaghan ...
Smith Hart ...
Scott Smith ...
Radio and Television Shows (voice)
Radio and Television Shows (voice)
Don Cummins ...
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Jaqueline Pyle ...
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Lynne Bradley ...
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A group of three criminals on the run from the law, go about terrorizing the local townsfolk of a small community, before descending on an isolated farm which is home to a young girl named Lisa and her paralyzed grandfather. After being sexually assaulted by two of the gangsters, she retaliates using an axe and a razor blade. Written by Sujit R. Varma

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


Stay away from Lisa! See more »


Horror | Thriller


R | See all certifications »

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Release Date:

23 July 1977 (USA)  »

Also Known As:

Axe  »

Filming Locations:

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Technical Specs


| (DVD)

Sound Mix:


Aspect Ratio:

1.85 : 1
See  »

Did You Know?


Because of the production's lack of film stock, much of the footage was shot without the option of re-takes. See more »


Steele: Lomax, why don't you get me a glass of water.
Steele: Then drink it yourself, it'll give you somethin' to do.
See more »


Referenced in Texas Chain Saw Massacre: The Shocking Truth (2000) See more »

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User Reviews

A Peek Behind The Scenes on AXE
23 December 2007 | by (United States) – See all my reviews

As it happens, I was on the crew of LISA,LISA, which has been re-released as AXE (among other titles). I'm billed as Richard W. Helms. I did gaffing, focus pulling, and some sound, as well as some of the driving stunts (there weren't many, and most of them were not included in the finished film).

A lot of the reviewers have mentioned Frederick Friedel's choppy and cryptic direction of this film. Much of this may be due to the contributions by J.G 'Pat' Patterson who, with his wife Nita, performed most of the producing duties. Pat also did most of the cutting on the film - I recall visiting him in the editing bay at his Westinghouse Boulevard studios (actually just a warehouse) while he was piecing the film together. While my memory of events might be tainted after forty years, it does seem that there was a great deal of plot left on the cutting-room floor, because of time constraints placed on Patterson by his distributor. LISA,LISA was planned to play as part of a three-or-four film bill at local drive-ins, and the owners of those drive-ins didn't want people hanging in their cars TOO long without making a trip to the concession counter. It may be that the film's lack of characterization is attributable more to overenthusiastic editing than to inept directing or an incomplete screenplay.

To give you an idea just how low-budget this film was, all of the principle filming was completed in a little over a week and a half, at four locations - the soon-to-be torn down Hotel Charlotte in uptown Charlotte, NC; a convenience store in Charlotte; a lovely and very expensive Tudor home on Queens Road in Charlotte; and a vacated farmhouse near Waxhaw, south of Charlotte.

Most of the crew was paid a flat rate of $80-$100. That's not a per diem. It was $80 - $100 for the entire shooting schedule. This was late 1973, and a hundred bucks meant a lot more back then than it does now, but it was still chickenfeed. I have no idea what the actors were paid, but it wouldn't have been much more - certainly no more than a thousand for the principles and somewhat less for day players.

The film stock was rationed like water in a desert. Most of it was bought as left-over surplus stock from better-heeled production companies, and kept in a refrigerator in Pat Patterson's office. Retakes were discouraged.

The target audience, as has been noted several times by other reviewers, was the drive-in crowd who needed some background noise while they made out. For that reason, Patterson - through Rick Friedel

  • may have seen little need for such dramatic devices as back story and

character development. In those days, people attending drive-in movies paid for darkness and privacy, not great cinema. Some have already alluded to Harry Novak's exploitation films, and he was involved with the distribution of this little gem.

One very important note is that the Director of Photography was Austin McKinney, who went on to work on a number of James Cameron films, including the Terminator series, and with John Carpenter in Escape From New York. Sadly, McKinney passed away late in 2013.

Some interesting notes - several people associated with this film died quite soon after it was completed, including Leslie Lee who played the main character, Lisa. She committed suicide sometime in the late 1970s.(NOTE!!!! Update 01/06/2013: I later discovered that this was not the case. This was the result of a conversation I had with another crew member in the 1980s, in which I was told that Leslie had killed herself. Leslie Lee, I am happy to say, is still alive and well, and lives alternately in Southern California and in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico). Two crew members, George Shaw and John Willhelm, died in a car crash on the way to Columbia, SC, in mid-1976. Pat Patterson died of cancer sometime in 1975, as memory serves. Rick Friedel, the titular director, was alive the last time I checked, but his career in feature films was pretty scant after the release of LISA, LISA / AXE.

LISA, LISA premiered at the Viking Twin Drive-In Theatre on Freedom Drive in Charlotte, NC, sometime in the fall of 1974. It played on a bill with a really silly movie called WHEN WOMEN HAD TAILS, or HOW WOMEN LOST THEIR TAILS - I can't recall the exact title - and a re-release of one of the PREACHERMAN films.

Despite the film's weaknesses - and there are many - I distinctly recall a strong sense among the crew at the time that we were doing something creative and interesting. Many crew members went on to work on other low-budget films, so we clearly didn't find this to be a negative experience.

For true fans of the bizarre drive-in exploitation films of the late 1960s and early 1970s, I'd suggest getting a copy of AXE. If nothing else, it shows that a bunch of college students can put together a movie that will last at least forty years.

36 of 45 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you?

Message Boards

Recent Posts
What extras are on the two disc version? streetsofla
Why was this called 'California Axe Massacre'... sf12169
Maybe one of the best independent movies ever! clemensottawa30
Not great but there is something about it I like. richajtaylor
Where is it mentioned that Lisa is only 13-years-old? VFBundy
A Doubt luz_nuno
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