IMDb > 1776 (1972)
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1776 (1972) More at IMDbPro »

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1776 -- A musical celebration of the founding of the United States based on the award-winning Broadway production.


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7.6/10   6,092 votes »
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Release Date:
17 November 1972 (USA) See more »
A musical retelling of the American Revolution's political struggle in the Continental Congress to declare independence. Full summary » | Full synopsis »
Nominated for Oscar. Another 1 win & 1 nomination See more »
(2 articles)
Ten greatest Films about America
 (From SoundOnSight. 4 July 2009, 6:48 PM, PDT)

'Charade' Writer Dead
 (From WENN. 30 April 2003)

User Reviews:
Big laughs, poignant moments, sweetest love songs. See more (127 total) »


  (in credits order) (verified as complete)

William Daniels ... John Adams (MA)
Howard Da Silva ... Dr. Benjamin Franklin (PA)

Ken Howard ... Thomas Jefferson (VA)

Donald Madden ... John Dickinson (PA)

John Cullum ... Edward Rutledge (SC)
Roy Poole ... Stephen Hopkins (RI)
David Ford ... Congressional President John Hancock (MA)
Ron Holgate ... Richard Henry Lee (VA)

Ray Middleton ... Col. Thomas McKean (DE)
William Hansen ... Caesar Rodney (DE)

Blythe Danner ... Martha Jefferson

Virginia Vestoff ... Abigail Adams
Emory Bass ... Judge James Wilson (PA)
Ralston Hill ... Congressional Secretary Charles Thomson

Howard Caine ... Lewis Morris (NY)
Patrick Hines ... Samuel Chase (MD)
William Duell ... Andrew McNair, Congressional Custodian
Daniel Keyes ... Dr. Josiah Bartlett (NH)
Leo Leyden ... George Read (DE)

Stephen Nathan ... Courier
Jonathan Moore ... Dr. Lyman Hall (GA)

James Noble ... Rev. John Witherspoon (NJ)
John Myhers ... Robert Livingston (NY)
Rex Robbins ... Roger Sherman (CT)
Charles Rule ... Joseph Hewes (NC)
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Andy Albin ... William Paca (MD) (uncredited)

William Bassett ... Thomas Heyward, Jr. (SC) (uncredited)

Nicolas Coster ... South Carolina Delesgate (uncredited)

Jack De Mave ... John Penn (NC) (uncredited)
Gordon De Vol ... Thomas Lynch, Jr. (SC) (uncredited)
Frederic Downs ... Samuel Huntington (CT) (uncredited)
Peter Forster ... Oliver Wolcott (CT) (uncredited)
John Holland ... William Whipple (NH) (uncredited)
Heber Jentzsch ... Charles Carroll (MD) (uncredited)
Richard McMurray ... Francis Lewis (NY) (uncredited)
Mark Montgomery ... Leather Apron (uncredited)
Barry O'Hara ... George Walton (GA) (uncredited)
Dick O'Shea ... Francis Hopkinson (NJ) (uncredited)

Jordan Rhodes ... William Hooper (NC) (uncredited)
Fred Slyter ... Richard Stockton (NJ) (uncredited)

Directed by
Peter H. Hunt 
Writing credits
(in alphabetical order)
Sherman Edwards  play
Peter Stone  play
Peter Stone  screenplay

Produced by
Jack L. Warner .... producer
Original Music by
Sherman Edwards 
Cinematography by
Harry Stradling Jr. 
Film Editing by
Florence Williamson 
William H. Ziegler 
Casting by
Michael Shurtleff 
Production Design by
George Jenkins 
Art Direction by
George Jenkins 
John Jay Moore 
Set Decoration by
George James Hopkins 
Costume Design by
Patricia Zipprodt 
Makeup Department
Ernest Adler .... hair designer
Carmen Dirigo .... hair stylist
Allan Snyder .... makeup artist
Production Management
Emmett Emerson .... unit production manager
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Sheldon Schrager .... assistant director
Art Department
John Roche .... construction
Sound Department
Al Overton Jr. .... sound
Arthur Piantadosi .... sound
Camera and Electrical Department
Richard Craig Meinardus .... first assistant camera
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Mickey Sherrard .... costumer: men
Music Department
Ray Heindorf .... music supervisor
Ray Heindorf .... musical director
Peter Howard .... music arranger: dance music
Eddie Sauter .... orchestrator
Ted Sebern .... music editor
Other crew
Mentor Huebner .... titles
Marshall Schlom .... script supervisor
Onna White .... choreographer

Production CompaniesDistributors

Additional Details

Also Known As:
Rated PG for language (longer video version)
141 min | 165 min (director's cut) | 180 min (Laserdisc version) | 168 min (extended Blu-Ray cut)
Color (Eastmancolor)
Aspect Ratio:
2.35 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
Argentina:Atp | Singapore:PG | UK:A | USA:G | USA:PG (longer video version)

Did You Know?

The pig who appears in the street scene where Adams and Franklin go to visit Thomas Jefferson in his quarters was, according to director Peter Hunt, the same pig who played "Arnold Ziffel" in the TV sitcom "Green Acres." In the commentary, Hunt mentions that the pig's contract specified that he would be the last actor to come out of his air-conditioned trailer when filming would begin.See more »
Factual errors: Martha comes to Philadelphia to see Tom, as they have not been together "for 6 months" - a common refrain by Tom. While Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration, Martha stayed in Virginia, recovering from a miscarriage - there is no record of such a "conjugal visitation." This is creative license on the part of the writers, who desired to show something of the Jeffersons' personal lives, while simultaneously keeping the story contained to one location.See more »
[first lines]
McNair:[Adams stands with the Liberty Bell, lost in thought] Mr. Adams? Mr. Adams? Mr. Adams! Well, there you are. Didn't you hear me calling, Mr. Adams? You could have shouted down something, save me climbing up four flights. A man that likes to talk as much as you do, I think...
[Adams turns and gives McNair a hard stare]
McNair:What do you keep coming up here for, Mr. Adams? Afraid someone's gonna steal our bell?
[he chortles]
McNair:Well, no worry. Been here more than fourteen years and it ain't been carried off once.
[he laughs, but Adams is not in the mood]
McNair:You'd better get yourself back down to Congress, Mr. Adams. They're getting ready to vote, and they said they couldn't settle such an important question without Massachusetts being there.
John Adams:[sarcastic] I can just imagine. All right, what burning issue are we voting on this time?
McNair:On whether or not to grant General Washington's request that all members of the Rhode Island militia be required to wear matching uniforms.
See more »
Movie Connections:
Referenced in Lethal Weapon 2 (1989)See more »
Is Anybody There?See more »


What is "...tria juncta in uno?"
Who is Botticelli?
What was the "Necessity of Taking up Arms?"
See more »
23 out of 29 people found the following review useful.
Big laughs, poignant moments, sweetest love songs., 28 February 1999
Author: AlAnn from Albuquerque, New Mexico

Although at first, it's surprising to see a musical about the writing of the Declaration of Independence, the viewer is soon caught up in the politics and emotions of this important American event. It should be watched more than once, because it can be appreciated on several different levels. There are some of the biggest laughs, some of the most poignant moments, and the sweetest love songs you'll see in movies. Much of the dialog is taken straight from the documented letters and conversations of the principal characters, and we get to see them as real people with real worries and real feelings, rather than as the marble statues seen in the history books. This is definitely a must-see movie (and stage play, if you get the chance), and one you won't forget.

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Boring as anything, BUT... lanceus
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Watching it right now! VValkyrie
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How historically correct is this? AllesKanBeter
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