Before Bea Arthur would accept her lead role, she guest-starred on a couple of episodes of All in the Family (1971), only because Lear strongly insisted she do it, despite her hatred of flying. She agreed at the very last minute to take the role for a few episodes, which led to her starring role.
The series drew heavy criticism when the character of Maude had an abortion. However, this particular 2-part episode originally aired in November 1972, and did not generate much controversy until it was repeated after the landmark January 1973 decision "Roe. vs. Wade" concerning abortion rights.
Maude became a congresswoman during a three-part finale at the end of its last season. However, Bea Arthur decided that she had grown tired of the role and decided to end the series. The setup was used with the exact same new supporting cast, reworked with Maude's Bill Macy, as Hanging In (1979).
The opening credits includes previously unused footage which was shot for the opening credits of All in the Family: Justice for All (1968). This explains why many of the cars seen are from the early 1960s.
In an episode of All In The Family where Maude's house,her husband Walter,and her daughter Carol debuted,Carol was played by actress Marcia Rodd. When Maude got her own series,Marcia Rodd was replaced in the role of Carol by Adrienne Barbeuh.