The comparison with Melville is irrelevant.Never Melville tried to put the society on trial.His characters are puppets who have no control on their life."The Samourai" may be,depending on whom you ask,an admirable flick,but it has no militant side.Tragedy must happen,it happens ,period.
Giovanni,who was once sentenced to death (and fortunately granted a pardon) knew what he was talking about when he expressed his disgust of death penalty.He was more André Cayatte's psychic son than he was Melville's.For the record,I must precise that the first movie dealing with death penalty is Cayatte's "Nous Sommes Tous Des Assassins" .
Death penalty ,even if it's not really the subject of the movie is the sword of Damocles hanging over the hero's head.Not that "Un Aller Simple" is a great film (it is just OK) :but it paved a reliable way for the works to come :"Deux Hommes Dans La Ville" ,the ending of which is similar to that of "Un Aller Simple" makes the 1971 movie look like a blueprint.The death penalty subject comes back in future works for better ("Mon Père" ,not devoid of complacency though) or for worse ("Une Robe Noire POur Un Tueur" and the obnoxious" Comme un boomerang"in which we learn that Justice is hard on the Rich ) Although "Un aller Simple" is GIovanni's first film where the sinister guillotine appears (even if we do not see it -this time-),it nonetheless continues the director's tradition: a solitary hero against a society where he's been an outcast for all his life.In "La Loi Du Survivant " the heroine (not common in Giovanni's rather macho world) is a pariah on Corsica island ;in "Le Rapace" Giovanni's sophomore effort and in many respects his most satisfying one,a soldier of fortune teaches a young idealist to lose all his illusions;in "Dernier Domicile Connu" ,a cop who broke the rules of the games successfully investigates ,but it leads to death and despair;However it's "le gitan" a relatively mediocre effort though- which epitomizes Giovanni's hero:gypsies are par excellence the outcasts of French (?) society.
"Un Aller Simple" is a holding-pattern work;it does not compare favorably with Giovanni's previous works,and its plea against a barbarian custom was dwarfed by "Deux Hommes Dans la Ville" the following year.Jean-Claude Bouillon does an OK job,but he lacks charisma to be a convincing romantic gangster on the lam.He is somewhat better than his co-star pop singer Nicoletta ,who fortunately enters the scene only in the last part.
Another permanent feature in Giovanni's films:nothing can be done to save the hero: the sympathetic lawyer (like the raider in love with the mysterious woman in " La Loi du Survivant" or the judge in "Deux Hommes Dans la Ville" ) does not understand the battle he is fighting is already lost.
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