There are many historical inaccuracies in this film, but neither the film makers nor Robert K. Massie, whose book this title is based upon, can be held responsible for the inaccuracies in regard to characters and events. When Robert K. Massie initially researched materials for his book, the Soviet government was still in power in Russia and would only authorize viewing of those "facts" that had been assumed by people and "approved" by the then ruling government to be examined by researchers of the Romanov family. It was not until the Soviet government fell in 1991 that documents that had been secreted away and which were hidden from the public could be fully examined and researched.
Press reports at time of pre-production said that Rex Harrison and Vanessa Redgrave were to appear as the leads. However, a recent biography of producer Sam Spiegel stated that paperwork (in an Israeli museum) belonging to Spiegel shows that he never offered them the leads.
The character played by Curd Jürgens is Arthur Zimmermann, the German Foreign Secretary who was instrumental in trying to arm rebellions in Ireland and India during World War I, as well as offering a military alliance with Mexico which caused the United States to enter the conflict.