Down 5,248 this week

Lulu the Tool (1971)
"La classe operaia va in paradiso" (original title)

Your rating:
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  
Ratings: 7.7/10 from 1,391 users  
Reviews: 9 user | 10 critic

A conscientious factory worker gets his finger cut off by a machine. Although the physical handicap is not serious, the accident causes him to become more involved in political and revolutionary groups.



(story), (story)
0Check in

Celebrate IMDb's 25th Anniversary with Photos We Love

IMDb turns 25 on October 17! To celebrate, we put together a gallery of some of our favorite movie, TV, and event photos from the last 25 years.

See the Photos We Love

User Lists

Related lists from IMDb users

a list of 22 titles
created 18 Jan 2013
a list of 29 titles
created 26 Jun 2013
a list of 42 titles
created 31 Oct 2013
a list of 37 titles
created 11 Dec 2013
a list of 26 titles
created 16 Sep 2014

Related Items

Search for "Lulu the Tool" on

Connect with IMDb

Share this Rating

Title: Lulu the Tool (1971)

Lulu the Tool (1971) on IMDb 7.7/10

Want to share IMDb's rating on your own site? Use the HTML below.

Take The Quiz!

Test your knowledge of Lulu the Tool.
7 wins & 4 nominations. See more awards »
Learn more

People who liked this also liked... 

Crime | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.1/10 X  

A chief of detectives, homicide section, kills his mistress and deliberately leaves clues to prove his own responsibility for the crime.

Director: Elio Petri
Stars: Gian Maria Volonté, Florinda Bolkan, Gianni Santuccio
Comedy | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7/10 X  
Director: Elio Petri
Stars: Ugo Tognazzi, Flavio Bucci, Daria Nicolodi
Todo modo (1976)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.6/10 X  

Party leader and power broker Aldo Moro, holed up with his cronies and rivals at a monastic retreat where they plot their political fortunes while being led by a Jesuit cleric in spiritual cleansings.

Director: Elio Petri
Stars: Gian Maria Volonté, Marcello Mastroianni, Mariangela Melato
Crime | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7/10 X  

A leftist professor wants the truth about two men killed during a hunting party; but the mafia, the Church and corrupt politicians don't want him to learn it.

Director: Elio Petri
Stars: Gian Maria Volonté, Irene Papas, Gabriele Ferzetti
Drama | Thriller
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.2/10 X  

A populist right-wing tabloid newspaper tries to derail the official police investigation of a brutal murder of a young girl in order to help the fascist and right-wing candidates it supports in the upcoming elections.

Director: Marco Bellocchio
Stars: Gian Maria Volonté, Fabio Garriba, Carla Tatò
Biography | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

Enrico Mattei helped change Italy's future, first as freedom-fighter against the Nazis, then as an investor in methane gas through a public company, A.G.I.P., and ultimately as the head of ... See full summary »

Director: Francesco Rosi
Stars: Gian Maria Volonté, Luigi Squarzina, Gianfranco Ombuen
Drama | Horror
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.8/10 X  

A popular painter, plagued by nightmares that he and his lover/sales agent are engaging in bizarre, ritualistic, sadistic sexual acts, seeks to escape the city and rent a house in the country.

Director: Elio Petri
Stars: Franco Nero, Vanessa Redgrave, Georges Géret
The Assassin (1961)
Crime | Thriller
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.9/10 X  

Alfredo Martelli is picked up by the police in his apartment without justification. In the precinct, he slowly discovers what is the investigation about as we find out details about his life.

Director: Elio Petri
Stars: Marcello Mastroianni, Micheline Presle, Cristina Gaioni
Certificate: GP Biography | Crime | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.9/10 X  

The story of two anarchists who were charged and unfairly tried for murder when it was really for their political convictions.

Director: Giuliano Montaldo
Stars: Gian Maria Volonté, Riccardo Cucciolla, Cyril Cusack
I Am Afraid (1977)
Crime | Drama | Thriller
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  

Journey into the fears of the escort agent Graziano, guilty of knowing too much.

Director: Damiano Damiani
Stars: Gian Maria Volonté, Erland Josephson, Mario Adorf
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  

A middle-aged plumber quits his job and questions his life after seeing somebody his own age suddenly die from a heart attack on his way to work.

Director: Elio Petri
Stars: Salvo Randone, Franco Sportelli, Regina Bianchi
Comedy | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.2/10 X  

Primary school teacher Mr. Mombelli, nevertheless satisfied with his life, is driven by his wife to resign and starting a new activity. He invest all his goodwill setting up a footwear ... See full summary »

Director: Elio Petri
Stars: Alberto Sordi, Claire Bloom, Vito De Taranto


Cast overview, first billed only:
Lulù Massa
Luigi Diberti ...
Donato Castellaneta ...
Giuseppe Fortis ...
Corrado Solari ...
Factory Worker
Luigi Uzzo
Giovanni Bignamini
Ezio Marano ...
Adriano Amidei Migliano ...
Antonio Mangano
Lorenzo Magnolia
Federico Scrobogna ...


Lulù is a real hard worker. For this reason he is loved by the masters and hated by his own colleagues. The unions decide agitations against the masters. Lulù doesn't agree till he cuts, by accident, one of his own fingers. Now, after he understood the worker's conditions, he agrees the unions and participates to the strike. He immediately is fired and, not only is abandoned by his lover, but also by the other workers. But the fights of the unions allow him under a new legislation to be hired again. At this point his mind starts giving collapse signs... Written by 1felco

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis




See all certifications »




Release Date:

17 September 1971 (Italy)  »

Also Known As:

Lulu the Tool  »

Filming Locations:


Company Credits

Show detailed on  »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:



Aspect Ratio:

1.85 : 1
See  »

Did You Know?


Elio Petri's "La classe operaia va in paradiso" shows a very subtle cameo of Ennio Morricone, who also composed the original score of this film, awarded with a Palme d'or in the 1972 Cannes Film Festival. The Italian Maestro appears in close up for almost one minute as the anonymous-and obviously uncredited-blue collar who actions the cart, with both hands up and down, at the end of the assembly line in the factory. His repeated gesture immediately activates the "mechanical" music announcing the end titles. See more »


Lulù Massa: I supported the task-work. Followed the politics of the union. I worked for productivity and I was working, and keeping with the production. And now I transformed myself into a beast, a beast, a real beast! And the students say we are like machines... they say that I'm a machine, a pulley, a screw, a piston rod, a transmission belt, they say that I'm a pump, a broken pump and there's no way to repair that pump. I suggest to stop working right now. All. And who does not stop to work right now is...
See more »


Referenced in The Mother and the Whore (1973) See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.

User Reviews

This is a politically-tinged, existential drama par excellence
5 September 2013 | by (Poland) – See all my reviews

A diligent blue-collar worker Lulù Massa (Gian Maria Volonté) is averse to rebellious fractions within his working place and students who express their resentment of overwhelming physical labour which Lulù and co-workers are constrained to do in factories. Notwithstanding, one day, once he loses his finger in his factory and discerns the first symptoms of madness in his behaviour, he becomes involved in protestations which the scathing board of directors frowns upon…

This is a politically-tinged, existential drama par excellence which succeeds in being both insightful and poignant in its exploration of human condition in the Italian working class whose members are destined for solely biological existence. The stark portrayal of the pointlessness of life reminiscent of Woman in the Dunes (1964) by Hiroshi Teshigahara. Mr Petri, whose political propensities are fully evident here, passionately crafts this material and engrossingly displays the everyday dilemmas of physical labourers whose actions come to eating, drinking and doing their work which is humiliatingly and moronically simple. The frequent juxtaposition of a man and a factory infuses into this film gloom and dreariness which is difficult to bear with. The indication that one might sweep away the meaningless of an individual only through sexual consolation is very disquieting and the depiction of the sombreness and the repetitiveness of each day of life solidifies the sepulchral tone. Just like Petri's earlier I giorni contati (1962), The Working Class Goes to Heaven is a blend of existentialism and neorealism polished to perfection in Petri's hands whose meticulous stylization renders the concept as sulky and austere as the sterile, industrialized decor of Il deserto rosso (1964) by Michelangelo Antonioni. Lulù Massa – the main character of this flick –is the outcome of the mechanization of the unit whose productivity is the only value for his employer. Lulù is the most assiduous worker which arouses abhorrence in his colleagues. He does not attach any great importance to his mental and physical health and he thinks that there is no big difference between dying in his factory and somewhere else. Initially, he cannot comprehend why everybody is against him, but once he accidentally loses his finger and notices that he embarks on following the lane of insanity through his obsessive demeanour towards order, he regains his sight and perceives the world differently.

Even though The Working Class Goes to Heaven is not as Kafkaesque as The Assassin (1961) and Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion (1970), it appears to refer to Kafka's short story A Report to an Academy which is about an ape which learns to behave like a human. During his visit in a mental institution where he meets a veteran ex-blue collar Militina, Lulù is shown an article from a newspaper which recounts a story of a chimpanzee which believes in its humanity. Petri seems to liken the Kafka's ape and Lulù, notwithstanding, whilst the monkey from Kafka's tale obtains a new identity by approving of milieu repressing it and adjusting to its new entourage, Lulù Massa restores his personality on account of a calamity and the stifling milieu of his factory, hence, just like in case of Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion, Mr Petri once again turns the world of Franz Kafka upside down.

Besides dilating upon the harsh fate of the working class, the director likewise hints at the exploitation of labourers from the poverty-pervaded southern Italy. Other Italian intelectualists such as Pier Paolo Pasolini also alluded to this phenomenon. Mise-en-scene by Elio Petri is exquisite and thoroughly unfaltering in its exposing the major concept. The resonance of his last acclaimed opus is indubitably enormous. Apart from delving in the issue of alienation and helplessness, the highly flamboyant subplots reinforce the main theme and endow it with abundant background and owing to relatively deliberate pace, the content is never lunged too hastily.

The acting is simply excellent throughout the entire motion picture. Gian Maria Volonté conveys to his role such a great portion of galvanizing rampage that he ravishes with his commitment to his part which might be one the most powerful in his utter career. There are other phenomenal performers in the cast, such as facially distinctive Mariangela Melato, Flavio Bucci, and last but not least enthrallingly convincing Salvo Randone.

The subsidiary cinematography by Luigi Kuveiller is obviously a determinant of quality, but what emerges from his beauteous takes of impoverished flats of physical workers is the mutual sway between Bertolucci and Petri. Bernardo Bertolucci conceded his fascination with merging existentialism and neorealism in I giorni contati by Petri, and Petri seemed to be enchanted by the lighting and visual aspect in The Conformist (1970) which was visible in the case of The Working Class Goes to Heaven. The shots of indigent flats framed with gleams of blue radiance constitute a chilly, bitter aftertaste which exerts a beneficial impact on the other ingredients. The symbiotic soundtrack by Ennio Morricone is one of the most idiosyncratic elements and the flick would feel totally different with a distinct piece of music from another composer. Mr Morricone provides us with one of his most unusual and characteristic creations which is rapid, aggressive, contextualises with the ensemble absolutely perfectly and reverberates like a genuine machine.

Though the movie overzealously strives to inculcate Marxist doctrines in its viewers and Petri's appeal to social alignment is displayed here, it does not modify the fact that it is an exceedingly significant film which has to be analysed, discussed and considered to be a major motion picture which auspiciously encases the atmosphere of those days filled with protestations, but also exhibits a timeless struggle of a man attempting to retain dignity, despite difficult living conditions and tough work.

2 of 2 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you?

Message Boards

Recent Posts
Must see tfclougher
Discuss Lulu the Tool (1971) on the IMDb message boards »

Contribute to This Page

Create a character page for: