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Tora! Tora! Tora!
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Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970) More at IMDbPro »

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Tora! Tora! Tora! -- A dramatization of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the series of American blunders that allowed it to happen.
Tora! Tora! Tora! -- A dramatization of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the series of American blunders that allowed it to happen.

Overview

User Rating:
7.5/10   21,619 votes »
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MOVIEmeter: ?
Up 26% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
Writers:
Larry Forrester (screenplay) &
Hideo Oguni (screenplay) ...
(more)
Contact:
View company contact information for Tora! Tora! Tora! on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
23 September 1970 (USA) See more »
Genre:
Tagline:
The incredible attack on Pearl Harbor. See more »
Plot:
A dramatization of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the series of American blunders that allowed it to happen. Full summary » | Full synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
Awards:
Won Oscar. Another 1 win & 7 nominations See more »
NewsDesk:
(3 articles)
Filmmaker Richard Fleischer Dies
 (From WENN. 27 March 2006)

Director Richard Fleischer Dies at 89
 (From WENN. 24 March 2006)

Keith Andes Dies
 (From WENN. 28 November 2005)

User Reviews:
"Why Are The Winds And The Waves So Restless?" See more (147 total) »

Cast

  (in credits order) (verified as complete)

Martin Balsam ... Admiral Kimmel

Sô Yamamura ... Admiral Yamamoto (as Soh Yamamura)

Joseph Cotten ... Henry Stimson
Tatsuya Mihashi ... Commander Genda

E.G. Marshall ... Lt. Colonal Bratton (as E. G. Marshall)

Takahiro Tamura ... Lt. Commander Fuchida

James Whitmore ... Admiral Halsey
Eijirô Tôno ... Admiral Nagumo (as Eijiro Tono)

Wesley Addy ... Lt. Commander Kramer
Shôgo Shimada ... Ambassador Nomura (as Shogo Shimada)

Frank Aletter ... Lt. Commander Thomas
Koreya Senda ... Prince Konoye

Leon Ames ... Frank Knox
Junya Usami ... Admiral Yoshida

Richard Anderson ... Captain John Earle
Kazuo Kitamura ... Foreign Minister Matsuoka
Keith Andes ... General George Marshall

Edward Andrews ... Admiral Stark

Neville Brand ... Lieutenant Kaminsky
Leora Dana ... Mrs. Kramer
Asao Uchida ... General Tojo

George Macready ... Cordell Hull

Norman Alden ... Major Truman Landon
Walter Brooke ... Captain Theodore Wilkinson
Rick Cooper ... Lieutenant George Welch
Elven Havard ... Doris Miller
June Dayton ... Miss Ray Cave
Jeff Donnell ... Cornelia

Richard Erdman ... Colonel Edward F. French
Jerry Fogel ... Lt. Commander William Outerbridge
Shunichi Nakamura ... Kameto Kuroshima
Carl Reindel ... Lieutenant Kenneth Taylor
Edmon Ryan ... Rear Admiral Bellinger
Hisao Toake ... Saburo Kurusu

Jason Robards ... General Short
Susumu Fujita ... Rear Adm. Tamon Yamaguchi
Bontarô Miake ... Adm. Koshiro Oikawa (as Bontaro Miyake)
Ichirô Ryûzaki ... Rear Adm. Ryunosuke Kusaka (as Ichiro Reuzaki)
Kazuko Ichikawa ... Geisha in Kagoshima

Hank Jones ... Davey - Student Pilot in Biplane
Karl Lukas ... Capt. Harold C. Train - USS California

Ron Masak ... Lt. Laurence Ruff - USS Nevada
Hiroshi Nihon'yanagi ... Rear Adm. Chuichi Hara (as Kan Nihonyanagi)
Toshio Hosokawa ... Lt. Cmdr. Shigeharu Murata (as Tosio Hosokawa)
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Tôru Abe ... Rear Adm. Takijiro Onishi (uncredited)
Hiroshi Akutagawa ... Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal Koichi Kido (Japanese version only) (uncredited)
Kiyoshi Atsumi ... Cook #1 (Japanese version only) (uncredited)
Harold Conway ... Eugene Dooman - US Embassy Counselor (uncredited)
Dick Cook ... Capt. Logan C. Ramsey (unconfirmed) (uncredited)
Jerry Cox ... Lt. Kermit A. Tyler (unconfirmed) (uncredited)
Mike Daneen ... Edward Crocker - US Embassy First Secretary (uncredited)
Francis De Sales ... Capt. Arthur H. McCollum - Wilkinson's Subordinate with Stark (uncredited)
Dave Donnelly ... Maj. Gordon A. Blake - Hickam Field Operations Officer (uncredited)
James B. Douglas ... French's Subordinate (uncredited)
Bill Edwards ... Col. Kendall J. Fielder - Short's Intelligence Officer (uncredited)
Dick Fair ... Lt. Col. Carrol A. Powell - Radar Officer #1 (unconfirmed) (uncredited)

Jamie Farr ... Multiple Characters (voice: English version) (uncredited)
Paul Frees ... Japanese Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura (voice: English version) (uncredited)
Charles Gilbert ... Lt. Col. William H. Murphy - Radar Officer #2 (uncredited)
Hisashi Igawa ... Lt. Mitsuo Matsuzaki - Fuchida's Pilot (uncredited)
Robert Karnes ... Maj. John H. Dillon - Knox's Aide (uncredited)
Kenner G. Kemp ... Civilian Official Seated at Meeting Table (uncredited)

Randall Duk Kim ... Tadao - Japanese Messenger Boy (unconfirmed) (uncredited)
Berry Kroeger ... U.S. Army General (uncredited)
Akira Kume ... Katsuzo Okumura - Embassy Officer at Typewriter (uncredited)
Dan Leegant ... George Street - RCA Honolulu District Manager (unconfirmed) (uncredited)

Ken Lynch ... Rear Adm. John H. Newton - USS Lexington (uncredited)
Eitaro Matsuyama ... Cook #2 (Japanese version only) (uncredited)
Mitch Mitchell ... Col. Walter C. Phillips - Short's Chief of Staff (uncredited)
Hideo Murota ... Japanese Pilot (uncredited)
Steve Pendleton ... Destroyer Captain (uncredited)

Charlie Picerni ... Burning Sailor (uncredited)
Walter Reed ... Vice Adm. William S. Pye (uncredited)
John Henry Russell ... Radio Operator with Kaminsky (unconfirmed) (uncredited)
Dan Savino ... Sailor (uncredited)
Robert Shayne ... Cmdr. William H. Buracker - Halsey's Operations Officer (uncredited)
Edward Sheehan ... Brig. Gen. Howard C. Davidson - CO 14th Pursuit Wing (uncredited)
Tommy Splittgerber ... Ed Klein - Honolulu Telegraph Operator (uncredited)

G.D. Spradlin ... Cmdr. Maurice E. Curts - Kimmel's Communications Officer (uncredited)
Hiroshi Tom Tanaka ... Japanese Midget Submarine Crewman (uncredited)
Larry Thor ... Maj. Gen. Frederick L. Martin (uncredited)

George Tobias ... Captain on Flight Line at Hickam Field (uncredited)
Arthur Tovey ... Officer at Signing of Pact (uncredited)
Bob Turnbull ... Desk Sergeant (uncredited)
Harlan Warde ... Brig. Gen. Leonard T. Gerow (uncredited)
Meredith 'Tex' Weatherby ... Ambassador Joseph C. Grew (uncredited)

David Westberg ... Ens. Edgar M. Fair - USS California (uncredited)
Bruce Wilson ... Pvt. Joseph Lockard - Opana Point (uncredited)
Bill Zuckert ... Adm. James O. Richardson (uncredited)
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Directed by
Richard Fleischer 
Kinji Fukasaku (Japanese sequences)
Toshio Masuda (Japanese sequences)
 
Writing credits
Larry Forrester (screenplay) &
Hideo Oguni (screenplay) &
Ryûzô Kikushima (screenplay) (as Ryuzo Kikushima)

Gordon W. Prange (based on "Tora! Tora! Tora!")

Ladislas Farago (based on "The Broken Seal")

Akira Kurosawa  Japanese sequences (uncredited)

Produced by
Richard Fleischer .... producer (as An Elmo Williams-Richard Fleischer Production)
Keinosuke Kubo .... associate producer (Japanese episodes)
Otto Lang .... associate producer (Japanese episodes)
Masayuki Takagi .... associate producer (Japanese episodes)
Elmo Williams .... producer
Darryl F. Zanuck .... executive producer (uncredited)
 
Original Music by
Jerry Goldsmith 
 
Film Editing by
Pembroke J. Herring 
Shinya Inoue  (as Inoue Chikaya)
James E. Newcom 
 
Art Direction by
Richard Day 
Taizô Kawashima  (as Taizoh Kawashima)
Yoshirô Muraki  (as Yoshiro Muraki)
Jack Martin Smith 
 
Set Decoration by
Norman Rockett 
Walter M. Scott 
Carl Biddiscombe (uncredited)
 
Makeup Department
Layne Britton .... makeup artist
Daniel C. Striepeke .... makeup supervisor (as Dan Striepeke)
 
Production Management
William Eckhardt .... unit production manager
Stanley Goldsmith .... unit production manager (as Stanley H. Goldsmith)
Masao Namikawa .... unit production manager
Jack Stubbs .... unit production manager
Richard D. Zanuck .... executive in charge of production (uncredited)
 
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
David Hall .... assistant director
Ray Kellogg .... second unit director
Hiroshi Nagai .... assistant director
Elliot Schick .... assistant director
Robert Enrietto .... second unit director: plane sequences (uncredited)
Shunsuke Kariya .... assistant director (uncredited)
 
Art Department
Tsukasa Kondo .... art crew (uncredited)
Ivan Martin .... construction supervisor (uncredited)
Joseph Musso .... production illustrator (uncredited)
Jack Senter .... assistant supervising art director (uncredited)
 
Sound Department
James Corcoran .... sound recording
Herman Lewis .... sound recording
Theodore Soderberg .... sound recording (as Ted Soderberg)
Murray Spivack .... sound recording
Shin Watarai .... sound recording
Douglas O. Williams .... sound recording (as Doug Williams)
Don Hall .... supervising sound editor (uncredited)
 
Special Effects by
A.D. Flowers .... mechanical effects (as A. D. Flowers)
Johnny Borgese .... special effects (uncredited)
Greg C. Jensen .... special effects (uncredited)
Glen Robinson .... mechanical effects (uncredited)
 
Visual Effects by
L.B. Abbott .... special photographic effects (as L. B. Abbott)
Art Cruickshank .... special photographic effects
Gail Brown .... miniature construction supervisor (uncredited)
Edward Hutton .... special photographic effects (uncredited)
Howard Lydecker .... special photographic effects (uncredited)
 
Stunts
Lightning Bear .... stunts (uncredited)
Jerry Brutsche .... stunts (uncredited)
Steven Burnett .... stunts (uncredited)
Everett Creach .... stunts (uncredited)
Vince Deadrick Sr. .... stunts (uncredited)
Chad Evans .... stunts (uncredited)
J. David Jones .... aerial stunts (uncredited)
Charlie Picerni .... stunts (uncredited)
Rock A. Walker .... stunts (uncredited)
 
Camera and Electrical Department
Osamu Furuya .... photographed by: Japanese episodes (as Osami Furuya)
Shinsaku Himeda .... photographed by: Japanese episodes (as Sinsaku Himeda)
Masamichi Satoh .... photographed by: Japanese episodes
Charles F. Wheeler .... director of photography: American episodes
Mal Bulloch .... still photographer (uncredited)
David Butler .... cinematographer: second unit (uncredited)
Thomas Del Ruth .... assistant camera: second unit (uncredited)
Dave Friedman .... assistant camera (uncredited)
William Huffman .... gaffer (uncredited)
Tom Kerschner .... assistant camera (uncredited)
Doug Kirkland .... still photographer (uncredited)
Rexford L. Metz .... assistant camera: second unit (uncredited)
Sterling Smith .... still photographer (uncredited)
Jack Whitman .... camera operator (uncredited)
Tamotsu Yato .... still photographer (uncredited)
 
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Courtney Haslam .... wardrobe supervisor
Ed Wynigear .... wardrobe
Michael Butler .... set wardrobe (uncredited)
 
Editorial Department
Brent Eldridge .... digital color correction (uncredited)
 
Music Department
Arthur Morton .... orchestration
Robert Bain .... musician: samisen (uncredited)
Larry Bunker .... musician: drums (uncredited)
Gene Cipriano .... musician (uncredited)
Alexander Courage .... composer: Japanese music (uncredited)
Alexander Courage .... orchestrator (uncredited)
Leonard A. Engel .... supervising music editor (uncredited)
Jerry Goldsmith .... conductor (uncredited)
Wally Heglin .... music copyist (uncredited)
Artie Kane .... musician: piano (uncredited)
Milton Kestenbaum .... musician: bass (uncredited)
Virginia Majewski .... musician: viola (uncredited)
Billy May .... orchestrator (uncredited)
Ted Nash .... musician: clarinet (uncredited)
 
Transportation Department
George Hamlin .... picture car coordinator: Washington (uncredited)
Chris Haynes .... driver (uncredited)
 
Other crew
Jack Canary .... air operations
Kuranosuke Isoda .... technical advisor
Tsuyoshi Saka .... technical advisor
Kameo Sonokawa .... technical advisor
E.P. Stafford .... D.O.D. project officer and naval coordinator (as Commander E. P. Stafford USN)
Shizuo Takada .... technical advisor
Theodore Taylor .... production coordinator
Duane Toler .... script supervisor
Maurice Unger .... production coordinator
George Watkins .... air operations (as Capt. George Watkins USN)
Arthur P. Wildern Jr. .... air operations (as Lt. Col. Arthur P. Wildern Ret.)
Bill Benedict .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Robert Buckhart .... technical advisor (uncredited)
George Burnette .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Don Clark .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Don Fletcher .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Shigeru Fukutomi .... story consultant (uncredited)
Minoru Genda .... technical advisor (uncredited)
Bill Groomer .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Davie Haines .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Randee Lynne Jensen .... production assistant (uncredited)
Gaines Johnston .... production auditor (uncredited)
J. David Jones .... chief pilot (uncredited)
Allen Mosley .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Gary Pylant .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Dominic Santarone .... caterer (uncredited)
Ruth Santarone .... caterer (uncredited)
Konrad Schreier Jr. .... technical advisor (uncredited)
Hal Sherman .... unit publicist (uncredited)
Sam Steele .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Jim Stumpf .... pilot: B-17 (uncredited)
Ted Taylor .... unit publicist (uncredited)
Yasuji Watanabe .... story consultant (uncredited)
B.H. Watson .... army affairs coordinator (uncredited)
 
Crew verified as complete


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Additional Details

Also Known As:
Runtime:
144 min | Japan:149 min | UK:137 min | 160 min (Extended Japanese Edition 2009)
Country:
Language:
Color:
Aspect Ratio:
2.20 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
70 mm 6-Track (Westrex Recording System) (70 mm prints) | Mono (some 35 mm prints) | 4-Track Stereo (some 35 mm prints)
Certification:
Argentina:Atp | Australia:G (DVD rating) | Australia:PG (cable rating) | Brazil:Livre | Finland:K-13 (Japanese release) (2009) | Finland:K-16 (original rating) (1970) | Finland:K-12 (re-rating) (1970) | Iceland:12 | Malaysia:PG-13 | Netherlands:14 (1970) | New Zealand:PG | Norway:16 (1972) | Peru:PT | Portugal:M/12 | Singapore:PG | South Korea:12 | Sweden:15 | Taiwan:GP | UK:U | UK:PG (video rating: additional material, audio commentary: 313 min 57 sec) (2010) | UK:U (video rating) (1987) (1992) | USA:G (Approved No. 22330) | West Germany:16 (f)
Filming Locations:

Did You Know?

Trivia:
The Japanese aircraft in the film were highly modified American AT-6 and BT-13 trainers. The fighters, "Zeros," were AT-6's, the divebombers, "Vals," were BT-13's, and the torpedo- and levelbombers, "Kates," consisted of AT-6 fronts and wings and BT-13 tails.See more »
Goofs:
Anachronisms: Many of the US Navy ships visible during the attack on Pearl Harbor were not commissioned until the 1950s and 1960s.See more »
Quotes:
[a bullet smashes through the window of Kimmel's office and hits him in the chest, but only tears his uniform before falling to the floor. Commander Curts picks it up]
Commander Maurice E. Curts:It's spent, sir.
[Kimmel stares at the bullet]
Admiral Husband E. Kimmel:[sombrely] Would've been merciful had it killed me.
See more »
Soundtrack:
At LastSee more »

FAQ

Who sent the "Air raid Pearl Harbor. This is no drill" message?
Did US commanders really ignore radar reports of the Japanese air raid approaching?
Midwest Premiere Happened When & Where?
See more »
132 out of 139 people found the following review useful.
"Why Are The Winds And The Waves So Restless?", 31 January 1999
Author: Michael Coy (michael.coy@virgin.net) from London, England

On Sunday 7 December 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the US Pacific fleet in its moorings at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. At the time, no state of war existed between the two nations. An ingenious pre-emptive strike, as the Japanese 'hawks' saw it, was condemned by the world as one of the greatest acts of treachery in modern history.

"Tora! Tora! Tora!" meticulously traces the build-up to Pearl Harbor by examining the diplomatic, military and intelligence events and developments on both sides. The film is unimpeachably even-handed, telling both sides' stories simultaneously, and interleaving the Japanese and American versions with intelligence and an almost total absence of jingoism.

Japan's warmongers considered their country to be trapped by history and geography. As the industrial nations surged forward in terms of prosperity and military might, Japan was in danger of being outstripped, having few natural resources of her own. If Japan was to compete with the USA and USSR, she would have to 'reach out' for the raw materials available in southern Asia and the Pacific, but this would mean confronting the USA, the great maritime power in the Pacific.

The film explains all this very well. We learn that the Japanese have an age-old tradition of striking against their enemies without warning, and that air superiority is the new doctrine. The brilliant Japanese planners such as Genda (played by Tatsuya Mihashi) have grasped the lessons of the European war and know the vital importance of naval air power. By 1941, battleships have become a liability - slow, lumbering dinosaurs which invite attack and cannot defend themselves against aircraft. The way forward is mobile air power, and that means aircraft carriers. If the Japanese can catch the American carriers at Pearl Harbor and destroy them, then the war will be won before it has properly started.

The Americans take a fateful decision to send out their carriers on reconnaissance missions. This strips Pearl Harbor of protection, but paradoxically ensures that Japan cannot win the war - no matter how spectacular the success of the surprise attack, the mission will fail if the US aircraft carriers survive.

Throughout the build-up, the Japanese navy chiefs such as Yamamoto (So Yamomura) have a snippet of classical Japanese poetry on their minds: "If all men are brothers, why are the winds and the waves so restless?" They take this to mean that it is the rule of nature for man to attack his fellow man. By the end of the film, Yamamoto has abandoned this view and now believes that "We have aroused a sleeping giant, and filled him with a terrible resolve."

The film catalogues the accidents and mistakes which combined to make Pearl Harbor a worse disaster for the USA than it need have been. American aircraft are bunched together in the middle of the airfield in order to reduce the risk of sabotage near the perimeter fence, but this helps the Japanese bombers to destroy them on the ground. Radar equipment cannot be placed in the best locations to give early warning, and in any event the radar data are misinterpreted when they predict the attack. Because the attack falls on a weekend, it is difficult for middle-ranking officers to contact military and political chiefs, and the contingency plans are inadequate. Radio Honolulu broadcasts through the night to guide a fleet of B-17's to Hawaii, inadvertently acting as a navigation beacon for the Japanese warplanes.

If the painstaking build-up to the attack is a little slow and ponderous, it is certainly epic in scale, and when the action erupts it comes as a mighty climax. The tension is palpable as the Japanese planes take off from their carriers, black against the ominous dawn. What follows is a breath-taking cinematic coup as Pearl Harbor is ravaged.

Verdict - A historical account of almost documentary accuracy culminates in vivid action scenes. A marvellous film.

Was the above review useful to you?
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