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Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970)

In 1941, as Japan prepares to open its war against the USA with a pre-emptive strike on Pearl Harbor, a series of American mistakes threatens to inadvertently aggravate its effectiveness.

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Won 1 Oscar. Another 1 win & 7 nominations. See more awards »

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Cast

Cast overview, first billed only:
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Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (as Soh Yamamura)
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Admiral Chuici Nagumo (as Eijiro Tono)
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Lt. Commander Alvin D. Kramer
Shôgo Shimada ...
Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura (as Shogo Shimada)
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Lt. Commander Thomas
Koreya Senda ...
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Jun Usami ...
Admiral Zengo Yoshida (as Junya Usami)
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Storyline

This dramatic retelling of the Pearl Harbor attack details everything in the days that led up to that tragic moment in American history. As United States and Japanese relations strain over the U.S. embargo of raw materials, Air Staff Officer Minoru Genda (Tatsuya Mihashi) plans the preemptive strike against the United States. Although American intelligence agencies intercept Japanese communications hinting at the attack, they are unwilling to believe such a strike could ever occur on U.S. soil. Written by Jwelch5742

Plot Summary | Plot Synopsis

Taglines:

From 20th Century Fox. The most spectacle film ever made. See more »

Genres:

Action | Drama | History | War

Certificate:

G | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

 »
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Details

Country:

|

Language:

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Release Date:

23 September 1970 (USA)  »

Also Known As:

Тора! Тора! Тора!  »

Filming Locations:

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Box Office

Budget:

$25,000,000 (estimated)

Gross:

$29,548,291 (USA)
 »

Company Credits

Show detailed on  »

Technical Specs

Runtime:

| (Extended Japanese Edition 2009)

Sound Mix:

(Westrex Recording System) (70 mm prints)| (some 35 mm prints)| (some 35 mm prints)

Color:

Aspect Ratio:

2.35 : 1
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Did You Know?

Trivia

Cornelia Fort, the civilian flight instructor who first spotted the Japanese as they were heading for Pearl Harbor, was actually pursued by a couple of fighters and her plane was shot at. In fact, the field where she and her student landed was attacked and the airport manager was killed and two other planes that took off from that airport never returned. She later would go on to join the WAFS and her job was ferrying planes. Sadly she she was killed in a mid-air collision when a plane she was ferrying was struck by another pilot and crashed ten miles south of Merkel, Texas. See more »

Goofs

The Japanese are shown marking various ship silhouettes with red slashes indicating either bomb or torpedo hits. The silhouettes shown represent different types of American ships, however, none of them are outlines of the US battleships at Pearl Harbor, the main targets of the Japanese. This is ironic because earlier in the movie the Japanese aviators are being shown flash cards of US battleship silhouettes and they are accurate. See more »

Quotes

[a bullet smashes through the window of Kimmel's office and hits him in the chest, but only tears his uniform before falling to the floor. Commander Curts picks it up]
Commander Maurice E. Curts: It's spent, sir.
[Kimmel stares at the bullet]
Admiral Husband E. Kimmel: [somberly] Would've been merciful had it killed me.
See more »

Crazy Credits

The 20th Century Fox logo does not appear on this film. See more »

Connections

Referenced in The Directors: The Films of Robert Altman (2001) See more »

Soundtracks

Chattanooga Choo Choo
Music by Harry Warren
Played at the dance
See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

See more (Spoiler Alert!) »

User Reviews

"Why Are The Winds And The Waves So Restless?"
31 January 1999 | by (London, England) – See all my reviews

On Sunday 7 December 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the US Pacific fleet in its moorings at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. At the time, no state of war existed between the two nations. An ingenious pre-emptive strike, as the Japanese 'hawks' saw it, was condemned by the world as one of the greatest acts of treachery in modern history.

"Tora! Tora! Tora!" meticulously traces the build-up to Pearl Harbor by examining the diplomatic, military and intelligence events and developments on both sides. The film is unimpeachably even-handed, telling both sides' stories simultaneously, and interleaving the Japanese and American versions with intelligence and an almost total absence of jingoism.

Japan's warmongers considered their country to be trapped by history and geography. As the industrial nations surged forward in terms of prosperity and military might, Japan was in danger of being outstripped, having few natural resources of her own. If Japan was to compete with the USA and USSR, she would have to 'reach out' for the raw materials available in southern Asia and the Pacific, but this would mean confronting the USA, the great maritime power in the Pacific.

The film explains all this very well. We learn that the Japanese have an age-old tradition of striking against their enemies without warning, and that air superiority is the new doctrine. The brilliant Japanese planners such as Genda (played by Tatsuya Mihashi) have grasped the lessons of the European war and know the vital importance of naval air power. By 1941, battleships have become a liability - slow, lumbering dinosaurs which invite attack and cannot defend themselves against aircraft. The way forward is mobile air power, and that means aircraft carriers. If the Japanese can catch the American carriers at Pearl Harbor and destroy them, then the war will be won before it has properly started.

The Americans take a fateful decision to send out their carriers on reconnaissance missions. This strips Pearl Harbor of protection, but paradoxically ensures that Japan cannot win the war - no matter how spectacular the success of the surprise attack, the mission will fail if the US aircraft carriers survive.

Throughout the build-up, the Japanese navy chiefs such as Yamamoto (So Yamomura) have a snippet of classical Japanese poetry on their minds: "If all men are brothers, why are the winds and the waves so restless?" They take this to mean that it is the rule of nature for man to attack his fellow man. By the end of the film, Yamamoto has abandoned this view and now believes that "We have aroused a sleeping giant, and filled him with a terrible resolve."

The film catalogues the accidents and mistakes which combined to make Pearl Harbor a worse disaster for the USA than it need have been. American aircraft are bunched together in the middle of the airfield in order to reduce the risk of sabotage near the perimeter fence, but this helps the Japanese bombers to destroy them on the ground. Radar equipment cannot be placed in the best locations to give early warning, and in any event the radar data are misinterpreted when they predict the attack. Because the attack falls on a weekend, it is difficult for middle-ranking officers to contact military and political chiefs, and the contingency plans are inadequate. Radio Honolulu broadcasts through the night to guide a fleet of B-17's to Hawaii, inadvertently acting as a navigation beacon for the Japanese warplanes.

If the painstaking build-up to the attack is a little slow and ponderous, it is certainly epic in scale, and when the action erupts it comes as a mighty climax. The tension is palpable as the Japanese planes take off from their carriers, black against the ominous dawn. What follows is a breath-taking cinematic coup as Pearl Harbor is ravaged.

Verdict - A historical account of almost documentary accuracy culminates in vivid action scenes. A marvellous film.


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