Up 11,674 this week

The Adversary (1970)
"Pratidwandi" (original title)

 -  Drama  -  27 October 1970 (India)
Your rating:
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  
Ratings: 7.8/10 from 656 users  
Reviews: 7 user | 12 critic

A young college graduate is struggling to find a job. He lives in a flat with his younger, employed sister, revolutionary brother and widowed mother. The strain of the situation ultimately causes him to hallucinate.



(original story), (screenplay)
0Check in

Editors' Spotlight

Venice Film Festival

See the latest from the 2014 Venice Film Festival

User Lists

Related lists from IMDb users

a list of 37 titles
created 05 Jun 2011
a list of 35 titles
created 06 Feb 2012
a list of 31 titles
created 01 May 2012
a list of 22 titles
created 21 Jul 2013
a list of 35 titles
created 8 months ago

Related Items

Search for "The Adversary" on

Connect with IMDb

Share this Rating

Title: The Adversary (1970)

The Adversary (1970) on IMDb 7.8/10

Want to share IMDb's rating on your own site? Use the HTML below.

Take The Quiz!

Test your knowledge of The Adversary.
2 wins & 1 nomination. See more awards »
Learn more

People who liked this also liked... 

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

Shyamalendu (Barun Chanda) is a successful executive at a fan company where he is expecting a promotion shortly. His life revolves around his work and socialising with colleagues along with... See full summary »

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Sharmila Tagore, Barun Chanda, Paromita Chowdhury
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8/10 X  

A group of four middle class workers in India take the week off to have a holiday. When they get to the forest, they meet up with another group and spend their time flirting with women.

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Sharmila Tagore, Kaberi Bose, Simi Garewal
The Coward (1965)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

Amitabha Roy (Soumitra Chatterjee), a sriptwriter has a breakdown near a tea-estate and he is offered a place to stay by the estate manager (Haradhan Banerjee) at his bungalow. When he ... See full summary »

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Soumitra Chatterjee, Madhabi Mukherjee, Haradhan Bannerjee
Teen Kanya (1961)
Certificate: Passed Comedy | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

The first story is about Nanda, a young man who leaves Calcutta to work as a postmaster in an isolated malaria-infested village. The postmaster is looked after by a young orphan girl, Ratan... See full summary »

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Anil Chatterjee, Chandana Banerjee, Sita Mukherjee
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

A taxi driver attempts to introduce his cab service in rural Bengal against many odds.

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Waheeda Rehman, Soumitra Chatterjee, Ruma Guha Thakurta
The Holy Man (1965)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.2/10 X  

A devout Hindu family falls victim to a charlatan posing as a holy man.

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Charuprakash Ghosh, Robi Ghosh, Prasad Mukherjee
The Inner Eye (1972)
Documentary | Short
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8/10 X  
Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Binode Bihari Mukherjee, Satyajit Ray
Kanchenjungha (1962)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  
Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Chhabi Biswas, Karuna Bannerjee, Pahadi Sanyal
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

Gangacharan is the new Brahmin of a village, where he assumes various duties: teaching, organizing religious events, and trying to prevent epidemics. But in that year 1943, war is raging (... See full summary »

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Soumitra Chatterjee, Bobita, Sandhya Roy
Paras-Pathar (1958)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.6/10 X  

An underpaid middle-aged clerk finds a 'parash pathar', a stone that changes iron to gold on touch.

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Tulsi Chakraborty, Kali Bannerjee, Ranibala
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  
Director: Ritwik Ghatak
Stars: Madhabi Mukherjee, Bijon Bhattacharya, Abhi Bhattacharya
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8/10 X  

The musician duo of Goopi Gayin and Bagha Bayin make a comeback in this sequel, where they are invited to the court of the Hirak Raja (Diamond King), for their musical skills. They have to ... See full summary »

Director: Satyajit Ray
Stars: Soumitra Chatterjee, Utpal Dutt, Robi Ghosh


Complete credited cast:
Dhritiman Chatterjee ...
Siddhartha Chaudhuri (as Dhritiman Chattopadhyay)
Rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Asgar Ali
Arabinda Banerjee
Soumitra Banerjee
Amar Bardhan
Gaja Basu ...
(as Gaja Bose)
Krishna Bose ...
Biplab Chakraborty
Mihir Chakravarti
Anindita Chatterjee
Biplab Chatterjee
Chittaranjan Chatterjee
Dibyendu Chatterjee
Kalyan Chatterjee ...
Shiben (as Kalyan Chattopadhyay)
Mamata Chatterjee ...
Sanyal's wife


A young man, newly graduated from college is unable to find meaningful employment. He lives in a crowded apartment with his widowed mother, a revolutionary brother and a younger, well-employed sister. Family frictions and his continuing unsuccessful quest for a job place an unbearable strain on him causing him to hallucinate. The pressure, magnified by the tense and impersonal setting of Calcutta, builds to a devastating conclusion. Hindu Neorealism? Written by Mr Bongo

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis








Release Date:

27 October 1970 (India)  »

Also Known As:

Siddharta and the City  »

Company Credits

Production Co:

Show detailed on  »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:

See  »

Did You Know?


One of the films of the Calcutta Trilogy, the others being Company Limited (1972) and The Middleman (1976). See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.

User Reviews

The competitor
19 June 2013 | by See all my reviews

" The competitor or Pratidwandi was set up in a time of political turmoil in Bengal where a medicine drop out Siddhartha is looking out desperately for a job. Siddhartha had to leave his medicine study due to the sudden death of his father and ended up studying botany hence. The film moves through Kolkata with the eyes of Sidhartha mainly as an unemployed youth. The film marks the start of the famous Kolkata trilogy film series from Ray and went into history for winning President's award for best direction and screenplay and to be featured in 1972 Venice film festival. Ray used techniques that was years ahead of its time with common metaphor as below –

1. Death – The film starts with a x-ray filming scene of Sidhartha's father's death and ends with the same metaphor of death when Sidhartha finally lands up a sales job in remote Bengal and hears the long lost bird's whistle from his childhood days just to be comprehended by the echoing voice of "Ram Nam sath hai". Death stars and ends the film.

2. Lost bird – Sidhartha's recollects the bird that his sister was so fond of during their childhood vacation. Sidhartha never finds the same old known bird in Kolkata. He even ventures new market which is famous for hosting all materials from the world. But even new market disappoints him. He spots the bird finally in rural Bengal (Balurghat) in his new medical sales job. But this time the sound of the known bird is in resonance with the rhymes of a dead man being carried away. May be this concept of the lost innocence has inspired modern bengali bands to compose songs as "Holud pakhi". This is indeed remarkable as a metaphor for lost innocence and a human changing with age and circumstances.

3. Flash backs – Sidhartha flashbacks in his medical college days often in the film and these college flashbacks as medical lectures are used to connect the story as he unfolds his struggling days in Kolkata. The most eminent is the sexual metaphor of a young modern lady crossing park street.

The script was based on the story of Sunil Gangapadhya and the film moves very fast from the interview panel to Sidhartha's old friends mess to his old home. Sidhartha's inability to cope up with his ambitious sister (on merit or with her affair with her boss is unknown) or his revolutionary cousin makes up an interesting contrast to his character. Sidhartha's refusal for a sexual act which his friend sponsors speaks of his resilience and strength of character. Sidhartha also regrets probably gifting his brother the book from Che Guevara in his teenage birthday as his brother might have initiated his views on revolution from that gifted book. The only support that Sidhartha get is that from a door next girl who ultimately becomes his friend and may be his love interest eventually.

Sidhartha character is one of the three shades that Ray used in Calcutta trilogy as below – a) Sidhartha being the job hunter who finally compromises and leaves Calcutta. This character is by far the white shade in trilogy.

b) The character of Somanth in the second trilogy "Middleman -"Jana aranya " who as a job hunter too leaves the hunt and becomes a businessman himself just to end up hiring his best friend's sister as an escort for sales favors. Somnath is the innocent looking grey shade in trilogy.

c) The character of Shymal in the film "Company limited - Seemabaddha" who finds epitome of success in corporate life through smart work ends up self accused, although he makes to the coveted post of a general manager. Shymal is definitely darker of the other two shades if not a black.

Overall, a brilliant film and needs utmost attention when you see it. If you have struggled in a job search then this film will grip you more. Hope you all like this analysis as I pen up for the next two series on Middleman ("Jana aranya") and company limited ("Seemabaddha"). Your comments and views most welcome on the work of the genius !!

1 of 1 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you?

Message Boards

Recent Posts
Where to find? devdutt3vedi
Discuss The Adversary (1970) on the IMDb message boards »

Contribute to This Page

Create a character page for: