Patton (1970) Poster



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The ivory-handled revolvers George C. Scott wears in the opening speech were actually George S. Patton's bona-fide revolvers.
The movie begins without showing the 20th Century-Fox logo, or any other indication that the film is starting. At military bases across the US theater owners reported that soldiers in the audience would often stand up and snap to attention when they heard the movie's opening line ("Ten-hut!"), assuming it to be a real call to attention.
Initially, George C. Scott refused to film the famous speech in front of the American flag when he learned that the speech was going to come at the opening of the film. He felt that if they put that scene at the beginning, then the rest of his performance would not live up to that scene. So director Franklin J. Schaffner lied to Scott and told him that the scene would be put at the end of the film.
The scene where Gen. Lucien K. Truscott tells Patton "You're an old athlete yourself General, you know matches are sometimes postponed" refers to the fact that George S. Patton actually had represented the US at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm by competing in the Modern Pentathlon. Patton finished a credible fifth in the competition. Remarkably, it was the shooting element that let him down. In true Patton style he used his military .38-cal. revolver instead of the lighter .22-cal. favored by most of the athletes. Patton was also an expert fencer. He re-wrote the U.S. Army's manuals on swordsmanship, removing the "parry". His idea was for all attack--defense just wasted energy. Such was his mastery of swordsmanship that he designed the last saber ever to be worn into battle as a weapon, the M1913 Cavalry Saber, commonly known as the "Patton Saber".
Soldiers who served under the real George S. Patton said that the general's voice was surprisingly high-pitched. This can be heard in actual films and recordings of him. Patton himself said that he used profanity so liberally in order to compensate for this.
George C. Scott won the Academy Award for best actor and famously refused to accept it, claiming that competition between actors was unfair and a "meat parade".
Many of the quotes from the opening speech are real quotes from George S. Patton. However, not all of them were said at one time; rather, the speech is an assemblage of Patton moments.
According to his co-star Karl Malden, George C. Scott caused a shooting delay by immersing himself in a ping-pong tournament against a world-champion table-tennis player. Scott (who was in full costume and makeup) kept losing to the champ; yet he was determined to win at least one set, even if they had to stand there playing the entire night.
Nearly half the budget was spent on soldiers and equipment rented from the Spanish army.
In reality, George S. Patton slapped and berated two soldiers in Sicily: Pvt. Charles Kuhl on August 3, 1943, and Pvt. Paul Bennett on August 10. Although it has been suggested Patton was sleep-deprived, he wrote an entry in his diary after slapping Kuhl, unrepentant in his actions or opinion that Kuhl was a coward. Patton was ordered by Supreme Commander Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to apologize privately to the soldiers and hospital staff present. Also, the slapping incidents were kept secret from the public for months before the story was broken by reporter Drew Pearson, causing scandal not only for Patton's conduct, but accusations of cover-up on the part of the army.
This was one of President Richard Nixon's favorite films. He had his own print, and would often watch it in the White House, particularly before having to make an important military decisions in Vietnam and Cambodia.
Producer Frank McCarthy was a retired brigadier general who served on the staff of Gen. George C. Marshall during World War II; he worked for 20 years to make a film about George S. Patton. After winning the Academy Award for Best Picture in 1971, McCarthy donated his Oscar to the George C. Marshall Museum at Virginia Military Institute, where it is still on display. (Marshall and McCarthy were both VMI graduates, and George S. Patton had been a student there for one year, in 1903-04, before transferring to West Point.)
George C. Scott felt he hadn't really captured the full character of George S. Patton. He would apologize to director Franklin J. Schaffner on the set for not fully realizing the complexity of the man.
The scene where Patton tells Gen. Sir Harold Alexander that he did serve with Napoléon Bonaparte is in reference to a poem that George S. Patton wrote titled, "Through a Glass Darkly". In the poem, Patton talks about vague memories of six separate past lives, from caveman to Ancient Roman to Napoleonic Frenchman, and being a soldier in each and every life.
Francis Ford Coppola says in the DVD commentary that he wrote a draft screenplay in 1966 and was fired from the film, in large part because Fox objected to opening the movie with Patton's speech. When the film finally went into production, Coppola's draft was dusted off and most of it used in the final film.
John Wayne eagerly sought the role of Gen. George S. Patton but was turned down by producer Frank McCarthy.
Part of the film was filmed at Over Peover in Cheshire, England. This was the actual location that Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Gen. George S. Patton would meet (specifically at the pub, the Bells of Peover). The pub is still there, and flies both the Union Jack and the Stars and Stripes outside to commemorate its part in history.
Some of the stock actual war footage--such as the Free French troops marching through a newly liberated Paris--was shot by future director Russ Meyer, who was a combat cameraman in the U.S. Army's Signal Corps during World War II, from July 19, 1944, and was attached to Patton's Third Army.
The German planes are a Spanish version of the Heinkel He 111, built under license by CASA. These are the same planes featured in the film Battle of Britain (1969). Ironically, these Heinkels are powered by British-made Rolls-Royce Merlin engines, the same engines that powered Spitfires and Hurricanes against the German Luftwaffe during World War II.
Patton's speech at the beginning of the film sanitizes his real-life quotations, which contained much more profane language. He said a different F-word than "fornicating" for example.
Believing that a "soldier should be buried where he falls" and wanting to be buried "with his men" (those in the Third Army who had been killed in action), Patton is buried at the Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial located in Hamm, Luxembourg.
Karl Malden was 15 years older than George C. Scott. In reality Gen. Omar Bradley was seven years younger than George S. Patton.
At the end of the film the monologue Patton gives about an ancient Roman triumph was lifted from a 1962 book by Robert Payne called "The Roman Triumph." This is from the very first paragraph: "For over a thousand years Roman conquerors returning from the wars enjoyed the honor of a triumph. In the procession came trumpeters and musicians and strange animals from the conquered territories, together with carts laden with treasure and captured armaments. The conqueror rode in a triumphal chariot, and the dazed prisoners walked in front of him. Sometimes his children, robed in white, stood with him in the chariot, or rode the trace horses. A slave stood behind the conqueror, holding a golden crown over his head, and whispering in his ear a warning that all glory is fleeting."
Somewhat perversely, this film was re-released in early 1971 following the announcement of Oscar nominations on a double bill with a very different war film, also from 20th Century-Fox and a Oscar nominee for best picture: MASH (1970).
The scene with Gen. Montgomery changing Patton's plans and substituting his own is true to life. Gen. Bernard L. Montgomery was egotistical, brusque and demanded everything be his way at all times.
George S. Patton's famous opening speech is subtly implied to take place after the main body of the film. At the time of his speech, he was a full general (four stars), as evidenced by his helmet. When he first arrives in North Africa at the beginning of the film, he is just receiving his promotion to lieutenant general (three stars), which he remains until the celebration of Germany's surrender. Both Patton's promotion to four-star general and opening speech must have taken place between his relief of Bastogne and the celebration (the speech is motivational, and wouldn't be given after the war was already over).
One of the first films to be released on VHS video tape, along with The Sound of Music (1965) and MASH (1970).
In the scene where Patton orders the Third Army Chaplain to compose a weather prayer, this actually happened. The Chaplain, Colonel James Hugh O'Neal, reluctantly composed a weather prayer, which Patton had printed on the back of post cards and handed out to the men of his army. When the weather cleared, Patton was so grateful, he awarded the chaplain a bronze star on the spot.
Although Francis Ford Coppola and Edmund H. North are credited as co-writers, they never worked together and actually never even met each other until they were collecting their awards.
In the scene where Codman tells Patton that General Alexander says not to take Palermo. This was an actual incident, but it happened when Patton was invading Germany. He received orders to bypass the town of Trier. Patton replied, "Have taken Trier with two divisions. Do you want me to give it back?"
George S. Patton's line about wanting to "lead a lot of men in a desperate battle" was actually written in a letter to his brother-in-law on the ship crossing the Atlantic on the way to North Africa.
Rod Steiger had first turned down the role, later admitting that was a big mistake.
First PG-rated film to win Best Picture.
The invasion of Sicily via Syracuse that Patton describes being executed by Alcibiades was an embarrassing defeat for the Athenians and Alcibiades was condemned as a traitor.
Parts of the speech at the beginning were inspired by a real speech George S. Patton gave before the 3rd Army finally landed in Normandy in late June and early July 1944. The parts of the speech used are watered-down versions of what Patton actually said.
Late in the movie, Patton makes the statement that "Fixed fortifications are monuments to the stupidity of man. If mountain ranges and oceans can be overcome, then anything built by man can be overcome." He is referring to the Siegfried Line, which he is about to smash through on his way into Germany,
Burt Lancaster turned down the lead role due to his anti-war beliefs.
This was the second, and last, film to be produced in the Dimension 150 process.
Perhaps taking revenge on George S. Patton in fantasy, there was a war-time rumor about Patton visiting a hospital and chewing out one patient for not coming to attention. The patient replied: "Run along, asshole. I'm in the Merchant Marine." It's reported in Paul Fussell's book "Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War."
The opening speech, which was shot last, was originally intended to be at the beginning of the second half (after the intermission).
The American, British and German tanks in the film are portrayed by postwar M24 Chaffee, M47 and M48 Patton tanks.
John Huston, Henry Hathaway and Fred Zinnemann each declined to direct the film. William Wyler agreed to direct, and had even done some preliminary production work on the film, also planning his retirement at conclusion of production, but differed with George C. Scott over the script, instead leaving this production, in favor of The Liberation of L.B. Jones (1970) which instead became Wyler's planned final film as director.
The film's premier was held at West Point, George S. Patton's alma mater. George C. Scott and Karl Malden were among the luminaries in attendance. They had dinner in the Cadet Mess Hall with the Corps of Cadets prior to the premier.
All the medals and decorations shown on Patton's uniform in the opening monologue are replicas of those actually awarded to Patton. However, the general never wore all of them in public and was in any case not a four-star general at the time he made the famous speeches on which the opening is based. He wore them all on only one occasion, in his backyard in Virginia at the request of his wife, who wanted a picture of him with all his medals. The producers used a copy of this photo to help recreate this "look" for the opening scene.
About 16 and a half minutes into the film, Patton's jeep rides through the desert with a placard displaying the letters "WTF". This stands for "Western Task Force", rather than the more modern acronym that uses those same letters.
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The scene where Patton is on horseback during an interview with reporters is an homage to Patton's integral part in the saving of the famed Spanish Riding School and its entire herd of Lipizzaner and Arabian horses. While the herd was in danger from fleeing, and soon-to-be defeated, German forces, it was actually considered more important to save them from the encroaching Soviet Red Army. The fear was that these horses would be slaughtered for their meat as field rations, which would completely wipe out the entire breeding herd of the Spanish Riding School's Lipizzaners.
While the filmmakers apparently went to great lengths to use actors who look a lot like their real-life counterparts, Karl Michael Vogler, who plays Erwin Rommel, bears only a passing resemblance to the actual man.
Paul Frees dubbed the voice of the Morrocan Minister, and can also be heard at least three other times: As the voice of one of Patton's staff members, once during the press interview soon after the soldier slapping scene, and again near the end of the film, when a reporter interviewing General George S. Patton (who is riding his horse around an indoor track) leads him on by asking the General about similarities between the Nazi party in Germany and the Republican and Democrat parties in the United States.
Ranked #89 on AFI's list of the 100 Greatest American Films.
This film was originally titled "Patton: Salute to a Rebel" and pre-release promotional material carried that title. The title was changed just prior to general release.
The scene where Patton is on his way to apologize to the 7th Army quotes part of Psalm 63 from the Bible. It is noted in the film that he did read the bible frequently.
Most oddly, when the film opened in Great Britain, it was advertised under the title "Patton: Lust For Glory", and was referred to as such by most of the reviews. Some British magazines reported that the title had been changed from "Patton: Salute To A Rebel". However, British cinema-goers noticed, when they went to see it, that the film was actually called, simply, "Patton", as it always had been.
A sizeable amount of battle scene footage was left out of the final cut, but a use was soon found for it. Outtakes were used to provide battle scenes in Fireball Forward (1972). The film was also produced by Frank McCarthy and Edmund H. North wrote the screenplay. Morgan Paull also appeared in this production
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Unlike George C. Scott's deep, throaty growl in the film Patton (1970), Patton himself actually had a fairly high-pitched speaking voice.
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Robert Mitchum was offered the lead role. He turned it down, saying that George C. Scott would be a better choice.
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Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
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As Patton and his troops are getting ready to march to Bastogne, he says "If we are not victorious, let no man come back alive". General Patton actually said this, but he said it just before attacking Gafsa in Africa.
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Two soldiers identify Patton as "Old Blood and Guts", "Yeah, our blood, his guts." Colliers war correspondent Quentin Reynolds overheard that very exchange. He mentioned it in is memoir "By Quentin Reynolds", New York, McGraw Hill, 1963.
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Telly Savalas was considered for the lead role.
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Actors in this film, George C. Scott, Stephen Young, and Paul Stevens, were good friends.
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Film debut of Morgan Paull.
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The film is included on Roger Ebert's "Great Movies" list.
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One person who was with George Patton throughout Africa, Sicily, and Europe was Brigadier General Hobart "Hap" Gay. He was Patton's chief of staff throughout World War II. He does not appear in this movie. He was played by Murray Hamilton in the TV movie "The Last Days of Patton". George C. Scott reprised his role as General George S. Patton, Jr.
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Despite being mentioned dozens of times, Dwight Eisenhower is never seen or heard in the film.
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Lee Marvin turned down the lead role.
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Lawrence Dobkin (Col. Gaston Bell) would later play Gen. George S. Patton in War and Remembrance: Part 11 (1989).
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Rod Steiger said that turning down the "Patton" role was the biggest mistake of his career, as it could well have won him a second Oscar, and also earned him the role of Don Corleone as George C Scott was in contention for the lead in " The Godfather " following his Oscar victory in " Patton ".
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Actor Trademark 

Karl Malden: [name] After Gen. Omar Bradley loses his helmet when his jeep is blown up by German artillery, he says to his driver, "Give me that helmet, Sekulovich!" This is part of Malden's insistence that there always be a character named Sekulovich in his films, in reference to his own birth name, Mladen Sekulovich.


Claude Akins: The voice of the soldier who calls the room to "attention" at the beginning of the film.

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