Patton (1970) Poster



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The ivory-handled revolvers George C. Scott wears in the opening speech were actually George S. Patton's bona-fide revolvers.
The scene where Gen. Lucien K. Truscott tells Patton "You're an old athlete yourself General, you know matches are sometimes postponed" refers to the fact that George S. Patton actually had represented the US at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm by competing in the Modern Pentathlon. Patton finished a credible fifth in the competition. Remarkably, it was the shooting element that let him down. In true Patton style he used his military .38-cal. revolver instead of the lighter .22-cal. favored by most of the athletes. Patton was also an expert fencer. He re-wrote the U.S. Army's manuals on swordsmanship, removing the "parry". His idea was for all attack--defense just wasted energy. Such was his mastery of swordsmanship that he designed the last saber ever to be worn into battle as a weapon, the M1913 Cavalry Saber, commonly known as the "Patton Saber".
The movie begins without showing the 20th Century-Fox logo, or any other indication that the film is starting. At military bases across the US theater owners reported that soldiers in the audience would often stand up and snap to attention when they heard the movie's opening line ("Ten-hut!"), assuming it to be a real call to attention.
Initially, George C. Scott refused to film the famous speech in front of the American flag when he learned that the speech was going to come at the opening of the film. He felt that if they put that scene at the beginning, then the rest of his performance would not live up to that scene. So director Franklin J. Schaffner lied to Scott and told him that the scene would be put at the end of the film.
George C. Scott won the Academy Award for best actor and famously refused to accept it, claiming that competition between actors was unfair and a "meat parade".
According to his co-star Karl Malden, George C. Scott caused a shooting delay by immersing himself in a ping-pong tournament against a world-champion table-tennis player. Scott (who was in full costume and makeup) kept losing to the champ; yet he was determined to win at least one set, even if they had to stand there playing the entire night.
Many of the quotes from the opening speech are real quotes from George S. Patton. However, not all of them were said at one time; rather, the speech is an assemblage of Patton moments.
Soldiers who served under the real George S. Patton said that the general's voice was surprisingly high-pitched. This can be heard in actual films and recordings of him. Patton himself said that he used profanity so liberally in order to compensate for this.
Nearly half the budget was spent on soldiers and equipment rented from the Spanish army.
In reality, George S. Patton slapped and berated two soldiers in Sicily: Pvt. Charles Kuhl on August 3, 1943, and Pvt. Paul Bennett on August 10. Although it has been suggested Patton was sleep-deprived, he wrote an entry in his diary after slapping Kuhl, unrepentant in his actions or opinion that Kuhl was a coward. Patton was ordered by Supreme Commander Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to apologize privately to the soldiers and hospital staff present. Also, the slapping incidents were kept secret from the public for months before the story was broken by reporter Drew Pearson, causing scandal not only for Patton's conduct, but accusations of cover-up on the part of the army.
The scene where Patton tells Gen. Sir Harold Alexander that he did serve with Napoléon Bonaparte is in reference to a poem that George S. Patton wrote titled, "Through a Glass Darkly". In the poem, Patton talks about vague memories of six separate past lives, from caveman to Ancient Roman to Napoleonic Frenchman, and being a soldier in each and every life.
George C. Scott felt he hadn't really captured the full character of George S. Patton. He would apologize to director Franklin J. Schaffner on the set for not fully realizing the complexity of the man.
Producer Frank McCarthy was a retired brigadier general who served on the staff of Gen. George C. Marshall during World War II; he worked for 20 years to make a film about George S. Patton.
This was one of President Richard Nixon's favorite films. He had his own print, and would often watch it in the White House, particularly before having to make an important military decisions in Vietnam and Cambodia.
Francis Ford Coppola says in the DVD commentary that he wrote a draft screenplay in 1966 and was fired from the film, in large part because Fox objected to opening the movie with Patton's speech. When the film finally went into production, Coppola's draft was dusted off and most of it used in the final film.
John Wayne eagerly sought the role of Gen. George S. Patton but was turned down by producer Frank McCarthy.
Some of the stock actual war footage--such as the Free French troops marching through a newly liberated Paris--was shot by future director Russ Meyer, who was a combat cameraman in the U.S. Army's Signal Corps during World War II, from July 19, 1944, and was attached to Patton's Third Army.
The German planes are a Spanish version of the Heinkel He 111, built under license by CASA. These are the same planes featured in the film Battle of Britain (1969). Ironically, these Heinkels are powered by British-made Rolls-Royce Merlin engines, the same engines that powered Spitfires and Hurricanes against the German Luftwaffe during World War II.
Part of the film was filmed at Over Peover in Cheshire, England. This was the actual location that Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Gen. George S. Patton would meet (specifically at the pub, the Bells of Peover). The pub is still there, and flies both the Union Jack and the Stars and Stripes outside to commemorate its part in history.
At the end of the film the monologue Patton gives about an ancient Roman triumph was lifted from a 1962 book by Robert Payne called "The Roman Triumph." This is from the very first paragraph: "For over a thousand years Roman conquerors returning from the wars enjoyed the honor of a triumph. In the procession came trumpeters and musicians and strange animals from the conquered territories, together with carts laden with treasure and captured armaments. The conqueror rode in a triumphal chariot, and the dazed prisoners walked in front of him. Sometimes his children, robed in white, stood with him in the chariot, or rode the trace horses. A slave stood behind the conqueror, holding a golden crown over his head, and whispering in his ear a warning that all glory is fleeting."
George S. Patton's famous opening speech is subtly implied to take place after the main body of the film. At the time of his speech, he was a full general (four stars), as evidenced by his helmet. When he first arrives in North Africa at the beginning of the film, he is just receiving his promotion to lieutenant general (three stars), which he remains until the celebration of Germany's surrender. Both Patton's promotion to four-star general and opening speech must have taken place between his relief of Bastogne and the celebration (the speech is motivational, and wouldn't be given after the war was already over).
Although Francis Ford Coppola and Edmund H. North are credited as co-writers, they never worked together and actually never even met each other until they were collecting their awards.
Patton's speech at the beginning of the film sanitizes his real-life quotations, which contained much more profane language. He said a different F-word than "fornicating" for example.
Perhaps taking revenge on George S. Patton in fantasy, there was a war-time rumor about Patton visiting a hospital and chewing out one patient for not coming to attention. The patient replied: "Run along, asshole. I'm in the Merchant Marine." It's reported in Paul Fussell's book "Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War."
Parts of the speech at the beginning were inspired by a real speech George S. Patton gave before the 3rd Army finally landed in Normandy in late June and early July 1944. The parts of the speech used are watered-down versions of what Patton actually said.
First PG-rated film to win Best Picture.
George S. Patton's line about wanting to "lead a lot of men in a desperate battle" was actually written in a letter to his brother-in-law on the ship crossing the Atlantic on the way to North Africa.
Somewhat perversely, this film was re-released in early 1971 following the announcement of Oscar nominations on a double bill with a very different war film, also from 20th Century-Fox and a Oscar nominee for best picture: MASH (1970).
Karl Malden was 15 years older than George C. Scott. In reality Gen. Omar Bradley was seven years younger than George S. Patton.
The scene with Gen. Montgomery changing Patton's plans and substituting his own is true to life. Gen. Bernard L. Montgomery was egotistical, brusque and demanded everything be his way at all times.
This was the second, and last, film to be produced in the Dimension 150 process.
Rod Steiger, Lee Marvin, Robert Mitchum and Burt Lancaster all turned down the lead role.
Rod Steiger had first turned down the role, later admitting that was a big mistake.
The invasion of Sicily via Syracuse that Patton describes being executed by Alcibiades was an embarrassing defeat for the Athenians and Alcibiades was condemned as a traitor.
The American, British and German tanks in the film are portrayed by postwar M47 and M48 Patton tanks.
The opening speech, which was shot last, was originally intended to be at the beginning of the second half (after the intermission).
Paul Frees dubbed the voice of the Morrocan Minister, and can also be heard at least three other times: As the voice of one of Patton's staff members, once during the press interview soon after the soldier slapping scene, and again near the end of the film, when a reporter interviewing General George S. Patton (who is riding his horse around an indoor track) leads him on by asking the General about similarities between the Nazi party in Germany and the Republican and Democrat parties in the United States.
John Huston, Henry Hathaway and Fred Zinnemann each declined to direct the film. William Wyler agreed to direct, and had even done some preliminary production work on the film, also planning his retirement at conclusion of production, but differed with George C. Scott over the script, instead leaving this production, in favor of _The Liberation of L.B. Jones (1970)_ which instead became Wyler's planned final film as director.
Believing that a "soldier should be buried where he falls" and wanting to be buried "with his men" (those in the Third Army who had been killed in action), Patton is buried at the Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial located in Hamm, Luxembourg.
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This film was originally titled "Patton: Salute to a Rebel" and pre-release promotional material carried that title. The title was changed just prior to general release.
While the filmmakers apparently went to great lengths to use actors who look a lot like their real-life counterparts, Karl Michael Vogler, who plays Erwin Rommel, bears only a passing resemblance to the actual man.
In the scene where Patton orders the Third Army Chaplain to compose a weather prayer, this actually happened. The Chaplain, Colonel James Hugh O'Neal, reluctantly composed a weather prayer, which Patton had printed on the back of post cards and handed out to the men of his army. When the weather cleared, Patton was so grateful, he awarded the chaplain a bronze star on the spot.
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Ranked #89 on AFI's list of the 100 Greatest American Films.
The film's premier was held at West Point, George S. Patton's alma mater. George C. Scott and Karl Malden were among the luminaries in attendance. They had dinner in the Cadet Mess Hall with the Corps of Cadets prior to the premier.
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One of the first films to be released on VHS video tape, along with The Sound of Music (1965) and MASH (1970).
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In the scene where Codman tells Patton that General Alexander says not to take Palermo. This was an actual incident, but it happened when Patton was invading Germany. He received orders to bypass the town of Trier. Patton replied, "Have taken Trier with two divisions. Do you want me to give it back?"
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The scene where Patton is on his way to apologize to the 7th Army quotes part of Psalm 63 from the Bible. It is noted in the film that he did read the bible frequently.
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Most oddly, when the film opened in Great Britain, it was advertised under the title "Patton: Lust For Glory", and was referred to as such by most of the reviews. Some British magazines reported that the title had been changed from "Patton: Salute To A Rebel". However, British cinema-goers noticed, when they went to see it, that the film was actually called, simply, "Patton", as it always had been.
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Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
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Late in the movie, Patton makes the statement that "Fixed fortifications are monuments to the stupidity of man. If mountain ranges and oceans can be overcome, then anything built by man can be overcome." He is referring to the Siegfried Line, which he is about to smash through on his way into Germany,
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Lawrence Dobkin (Col. Gaston Bell) would later play Gen. George S. Patton in War and Remembrance: Part 11 (1989).
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Actor Trademark 

Karl Malden: [name] After Gen. Omar Bradley loses his helmet when his jeep is blown up by German artillery, he says to his driver, "Give me that helmet, Sekulovich!" This is part of Malden's insistence that there always be a character named Sekulovich in his films, in reference to his own birth name, Mladen Sekulovich.


Claude Akins: The voice of the soldier who calls the room to "attention" at the beginning of the film.

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