8 user 12 critic

Eros + Massacre (1969)

Erosu purasu gyakusatsu (original title)
Two interwoven stories. The first is a biography of anarchist Sakae Osugi which follows his relationship with three women in the 1920s. The second centers around two 1960s' students researching Osugi's theories.




Add Image Add an image

Do you have any images for this title?

Learn more

People who liked this also liked... 

Drama | Fantasy
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  

An engineer's wife returns home with a lost teenager. A man posing as her dad tries to get her back, causing the engineer to recall his youth as a revolutionary, obscured by dreamlike disruptions of time and space, fantasy and reality.

Director: Yoshishige Yoshida
Stars: Mariko Okada, Kaizo Kamoda, Naho Kimura
Coup d'Etat (1973)
Biography | Drama | History
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.2/10 X  

A freestyle biopic of Ikki Kita, the ultranationalist intellectual whose ideas inspired the failed military coup in 1936.

Director: Yoshishige Yoshida
Stars: Rentarô Mikuni, Yasuo Miyake, Akiko Kurano
Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

Just after WW2, a romance between an innkeeper and a man with tuberculosis unravels near a thermal spring.

Director: Yoshishige Yoshida
Stars: Mariko Okada, Hiroyuki Nagato, Sô Yamamura
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.3/10 X  

The trials and tribulations of Eddie and other transvestites in Japan.

Director: Toshio Matsumoto
Stars: Pîtâ, Osamu Ogasawara, Toyosaburo Uchiyama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7/10 X  

In an isolated mountain resort, a woman gets involved in a love triangle between herself, her volatile lover and her ex-boyfriend, for whom she had platonic feelings.

Director: Yoshishige Yoshida
Stars: Mariko Okada, Isao Kimura, Yukio Ninagawa
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  

A married woman lets her lover take naked pictures of her. The photos end up in possession of a man who starts blackmailing the couple.

Director: Yoshishige Yoshida
Stars: Mariko Okada, Shigeru Tsuyuguchi, Tamotsu Hayakawa
The Affair (1967)
Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.2/10 X  

A woman, unhappily married to a cheating executive, starts meeting her dead mother's lover and gets thrown into a romantic dilemma after succumbing to a rough laborer.

Director: Yoshishige Yoshida
Stars: Mariko Okada, Yoshie Minami, Tadahiko Sugano
Drama | Fantasy
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8/10 X  

A young boys' coming of age tale set in a strange, carnivalesque village becomes the recreation of a memory that the director has twenty years later.

Director: Shûji Terayama
Stars: Kaoru Yachigusa, Keiko Niitaka, Masumi Harukawa
Comedy | Crime | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.7/10 X  

A Korean man is sentenced to death by hanging, but he survives the execution. For the following two hours, his executioners try to work out how to handle the situation in this black farce.

Director: Nagisa Ôshima
Stars: Kei Satô, Fumio Watanabe, Toshirô Ishidô
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.6/10 X  

Life story of a woman born in poverty trying to succeed. Through her many schemes, she faces her ups and downs in a cyclical nature, fueled mostly by self-interest.

Director: Shôhei Imamura
Stars: Emiko Aizawa, Setsuko Amamiya, Tomio Aoki
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.4/10 X  

A family of four are the sole inhabitants of a small island, where they struggle each day to irrigate their crops.

Director: Kaneto Shindô
Stars: Nobuko Otowa, Taiji Tonoyama, Shinji Tanaka
Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7/10 X  

A spontaneous romance blooms between Kawamura, a professor touring Europe, and Naoko, a married woman living in Paris, scarred by the Nagasaki atomic bombings. The two protagonists travel around Europe trying to find themselves.

Director: Yoshishige Yoshida
Stars: Mariko Okada, Tadashi Yokouchi, Paul Beauvais


Credited cast:
Mariko Okada ...
Noe Ito
Toshiyuki Hosokawa ...
Sakae Osugi
Yûko Kusunoki ...
Itsuko Masaoka
Kazuko Inano ...
Akiko Hiraga
Etsushi Takahashi ...
Jun Tsuji
Daijirô Harada ...
Toshiko Ii ...
Eiko Sokutai
Rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Yoshihide Gotô
Toshiko Inoue
Kikuo Kaneuchi
Kyûzô Kawabe
Katsuya Kobayashi
Kazuko Kui
Kinji Matsueda
Kazunori Miyazaki


In the 1920s, the anarchist revolutionary Sakae Osugi is financially supported by his wife, journalist Itsuko Masaoka. He spends his time doing nothing but philosophizing about political systems and free love and visiting with his lovers Yasuko and the earlier feminist Noe Ito. He conveniently defends three principles for a relationship between a man and a woman: they should be financially independent (despite the fact that he is not); they should live in different places; and they should be free to have sex with other people. In 1969, twenty-year-old student, Eiko Sokuta is sexually active with various men. Her friend, Wada, is obsessed with fire and they usually play odd games using a camera while they read about Osugi and Ito. Written by Claudio Carvalho, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Parents Guide:





Release Date:

14 March 1970 (Japan)  »

Also Known As:

Eros plus massacre  »

Company Credits

Production Co:

,  »
Show detailed on  »

Technical Specs


| (theatrical)

Sound Mix:

Aspect Ratio:

2.35 : 1
See  »

Did You Know?


The first movie in Yoshishige Yoshida's unofficial trilogy on Japanese radicalism. The other two titles are Heroic Purgatory (1970) and Coup d'Etat (1973). See more »


Opening Text: Drunk upon the happiness of decadence, this film is a dialogue with you and I, the ambiguous participants in the erotica and revolutions of Sakae Osugi and Noe Ito, whose lives were dedicated to the beauty of chaos.
See more »


Referenced in 100 Years of Japanese Cinema (1995) See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.

User Reviews

What possible way to describe this masterpiece? An unique experience for sure...
28 September 2014 | by (Croatia) – See all my reviews

Eros Plus Massacre by Yoshishige Yoshida is considered to be his masterpiece and the peak of the Japanese New Wave (Nuberu Bagu), a movement that Yoshida himself never considered to be a part of. The film lasts 3 1/2 hours and may be the most experimental and ambitious of all of Yoshida's 1960s works. A bunch of things are discussed in the film, most notably anarchism, existentialism and feminism. It's the first installment in Yoshida's Trilogy of Radicalism, followed by Heroic Purgatory and Coup d'etat.

It tells two stories - one fictional, one biographical - the latter concerns the Japanese anarchist Sakae Osugi and is set in the 1920s. It's centered about his theories, ideas and relationships with three women - his wife, his first lover (who tries to kill him), and his second lover Noe Ito (played by Yoshida's wife Mariko Okada). The second story is intercut with the first, is fictional, and is set in the '60s, following a young female student named Eiko who researches Osugi's life. We follow her relationship with three men (similar to Osugi's three lovers), a pyroman called Wada who joins her in her research, a suicidal film director and a policeman who investigates her in suspicion that she's connected to a ring of prostitution.

The way the stories are connected is very, very loose and feels like a dream. Similar actions are repeated in both time periods, characters from the two periods interact with each other in oniric sequences, etc. From what I gathered from it, the major point of the film is showing that history may be nothing like people imagine or romanticize it. Truth is illusive, complicated and ambiguous. The scenes set in the '20s usually show the characters through various mirrors, or obstructed by objects such as furniture, walls or doors. One scene in particular, showing Ito meeting the staff journalist of the Seito compound, shows the two women in the inverted reflection of themselves in the lake. The other theme of the film may be Eiko and Wada's struggles to keep their idealistic image of Osugi true, because his revolutionary ideas and principles mean nothing in their time, when his thoughts aren't considered radical anymore. The two students spend a lot of time playing with fire. This radical "game" is what took the lives of Osugi and many others in the first place.

Eros Plus Massacre relies heavily on contrasts to tell its story. The differences between the two times are put further into life by contrasting '60s rock with '20s traditional music with orchestral elements, the '60s contemporary flats and urban life with the '20s simple houses and gardens. The majority of time spent on Osugi's story shows characters endlessly talking, while the '60s story puts an emphasis on (weird) things actually happening. Eiko and Wada spend some of their time reenacting the lives of martyrs, anarchists and revolutionaries - the most famous of these scenes climaxes with them faux-crucifying themselves.

The cinematography is out of this world. It's one of the most beautiful black and white films ever made, period. The way characters are put into frame, the lighting, the shadow play - holy sh*t. Almost every frame is a work of art, and some are literally unforgettable. Even though the story is quite grim, the angelic, white glow predominates almost every shot and makes the film that more unique. Characters are separated by walls, pillars, window frames, etc., to accentuate their isolation (esp. Ito and her husband) in typical Yoshida fashion. It seals the deal on Yoshida being one of the finest aesthetes of Asian cinema.

The opening scene is one of the best film intros I've ever seen - in this 5-minute scene, Eiko interviews Ito's daughter (also played by Okada) in the most stylish, theatrical and impactive manner. It's a highly immersive cold opening, typical for many Yoshida's films, and just plain rocks overall.

Some may not like that it's a bit self-indulgent but I guess that's just what you have to expect from a film like this. Because of its lengthy runtime (200 min.), it may often lose you, or you may find it too cryptic and complex. Despite this, it's a VERY unique movie that'll stick with you for a long time.

The title probably describes the two stories - Osugi's somber tale of political turmoil (Massacre) and Eiko's erotic vignettes (Eros). While Osugi is violently assassinated, Eiko enters the story by having sex with a man and later masturbating in the shower. Meanwhile, Osugi does some time in prison, has a football match played over his ashes and gets his near-fatal encounter with his lover Rashomonically played out in several different potential situations. Osugi is shown as a hypocrite because he stands for financial independence,nd yet he's financially suppported by his wife. Meanwhile, Eiko is all for free love, but charges it to other men, seeing as she's a prostitute in her free time.

This is the first Yoshida picture to be released outside Japan and had to be cut from 202 to 166 minutes (pity they didn't cut out more :D) for international release. Although it's considered to be Yoshida's best movie, I disagree. I think that the man has some better ones (he is a genius, after all). It can also be really confusing if you decide to watch it without knowing what's it about beforehand. Unfortunately, like all of Yoshida's films, it doesn't have a Criterion release... Yet.

Give this movie any adjective and it fits. Lyrical, haunting, boring, erotic, entertaining, unnerving, hypnotic, pointless, poignant, whatever.

@Carvalho, the actress who played Eiko is called Toshiko Ii. Not sure why she's unlisted here, but anyway, I added her now.

5 of 5 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you?

Message Boards

Recent Posts
i didn't get anything. is it just me ? moigabou
English subtitles? owenlloyd
Wow. So is Yoshishige Yoshida the most underrated director of all time? mevmijaumau
Discuss Eros + Massacre (1969) on the IMDb message boards »

Contribute to This Page

Create a character page for: