Star Trek (TV Series 1966–1969) Poster



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In the hallways of the Enterprise there are tubes marked "GNDN", these initials stand for "goes nowhere does nothing".
In many interviews, Leonard Nimoy recounted the origin of the Vulcan salute, which he introduced into the show. In one such interview (with The A.V. Club in July 2010), he explained, "the gesture that I introduced into Star Trek, the split-fingered Vulcan salute, we'll call it... that came from an experience - I'm going all the way back to my childhood again - when I was about eight years old, sitting in the synagogue at high holiday services with my family. There comes a moment in the ceremony when the congregation is blessed by a group of gentlemen known as Kohanim, members of the priestly tribe of the Hebrews. And the blessing is one that we see in the Old and New Testament: "May the Lord bless you and keep you; may the Lord cause His countenance to shine upon you," and so forth. When they give this blessing, you're told not to look! You're supposed to avert your eyes. I peeked, and I saw these guys with their hands stretched out-there were five or six of them, all with their hands stretched out toward the congregation-in that gesture, that split-fingered gesture. Some time later, I learned that the shape that hand creates is a letter in the Hebrew alphabet, the letter shin, which is the first letter in the word Shaddai, which is the name of the Almighty. So the suggestion is that they're using a symbol of God's name with their hands as they bless the congregation."
Shortly after the cancellation of the series, the staff of the marketing department of the NBC TV network confronted the network executives and berated them for canceling Star Trek, the most profitable show on the network in terms of demographic profiling of the ratings. They explained that although the show was never higher than #52 in the general ratings, its audience profile had the largest concentration of viewers of ages 16 to 39, the most sought after television audience for advertisers to reach. In other words, the show, despite the low ratings, had the precise audience advertisers hungered for, which was more than ample justification to consider the show a big success.
Leonard Nimoy's father was a barber, who was still operating a barbershop at the time the series became popular. In a mid-1960s interview with 16 Magazine, Nimoy revealed that youngsters often came into the shop asking for a "Mr. Spock" haircut, never realizing that "Mr. Spock's dad" was cutting their hair.
George Takei missed nine episodes of the second season because he was away filming The Green Berets (1968). The character of Chekov was created in his absence, and Takei's lines were given to Walter Koenig. According to Takei, he was infuriated and was ready to despise Koenig when he returned. But the two ended up becoming close friends. Indeed, their respective characters became an iconic pair in the series, sitting side-by-side at the ship's helm and weapons controls on the bridge.
When NBC was promoting Star Trek (1966) in magazines, all shots of Spock's pointed eyebrows and ears were airbrushed out of the pictures because NBC thought that no one would watch the show due to Spock's resemblance to the Devil. However, this concern was quickly invalided upon the series' airing with Spock becoming not only one of the most popular characters, but also a sex symbol with young female viewers, an audience reaction no one in the cast or crew anticipated.
Stagehands would pull the turbolift doors on cue with ropes and cables. They would also slide panels by to give the illusion of decks being passed inside the turbolift cars. Some of the more familiar bloopers are that of main actors nonchalantly running into sliding doors that hadn't opened as their characters needed to show full faith in the technology of the Enterprise while stagehands often missed their cues. One of the show's "blooper reels", often shown at Star Trek conventions, includes a full minute of shots of William Shatner walking into various doors and reacting with his favorite profanity (which is not spelled S-H-A-T).
The series' running "I'm a doctor, not a..." gag originated in the comedy The Kennel Murder Case (1933). The coroner in that film, played by Etienne Girardot, repeatedly claims to be a doctor not a reporter, detective, etc.
According to producers Herbert F. Solow and Robert H. Justman, William Shatner originally wore 1.5" lifts in his shoes so he would appear taller than Leonard Nimoy. Since Shatner was only 5'9", the combination of lifts and the 2" heels of his shoes brought his height to over 6'. It distorted his posture to such a degree. his stomach stuck out. Understandably, Gene Roddenberry forbid him to wear them, instead opting to dress Nimoy and DeForest Kelley in shoes with only a 1" heel as opposed to Shatner's 2" heel.
According to George Takei, William Shatner had Takei's lines and camera time cut due to Shatner's ego. Shatner denied this and their relationship was contentious ever since. According to episode writer Norman Spinrad, Shatner had it in his contract that he would have more lines than anyone and had some of the other actors' lines cut.
Gene Roddenberry and James Doohan (Lieutenant Commander Scott), after death, had vials containing small amounts of their ashes launched into orbit via satellites.
William Shatner requested his name in the opening credits be ten percent larger in size than those of his co-stars, Leonard Nimoy and DeForest Kelley.
James Doohan (Scotty) lost his right middle finger during World War II. Most of his scenes are shot to hide it. However, it is very noticeable in Star Trek: Catspaw (1967). When Scotty is holding a phaser pistol on Kirk and Spock, only two fingers are holding the butt of the phaser. This is also noticeable in Star Trek: The Trouble with Tribbles (1967), when Kirk's food comes out of the food dispenser filled with tribbles and Scotty walks in carrying a big load of tribbles.
One of the writers, D.C. Fontana, was told to use the initials "D.C." by Gene Roddenberry because networks at the time generally wouldn't hire women writers. Her first name is Dorothy.
The uniforms were color coded to show what division of the ship the crew member was assigned to. The colors were: gold: command (including navigation and weaponry); red: operations (including engineering, security, and ship's services, such as communications); and blue: sciences (including medicine). It was a few shows into regular series production before red shirts appeared, however, with Uhura and Scott being seen in command gold. In practice, the gold uniforms often appeared apple green, which some have attributed to local interference with television signals. However, the command tunic was actually green, but under most lighting conditions on the set it appeared gold. The true color can be seen in Kirk's special "wrap-around" tunic and to some extent in the special occasion "dress" uniforms, both of which were made out of other materials which reflected the light differently. The uniforms were dry-cleaned, but the velour tended to shrink, so they had to constantly be altered which is why they often looked short on the actors.
The shimmer of the transporter beam was actually a film of aluminum powder being blown into the air by an industrial fan, under a bright spotlight.
In 2000, the show was listed in the Guinness Book of Records as having the largest number of spin-off productions, which included the feature film series and the numerous television series.
Leonard Nimoy modeled Spock after George Burns and his cigar. George's amused and unflustered acceptances of Gracie Allen's ramblings influenced Spock's interactions with Dr. McCoy.
The green Captain's uniform was developed because William Shatner tended to gain weight during the season.
Had the series been renewed for a fourth season, producers planned to bring back Koloth from Star Trek: The Trouble with Tribbles (1967) as a recurring villain. The fourth season would also have seen Roger C. Carmel playing Harry Mudd for the third time, and an introduction of McCoy's daughter Joanna.
Many "guest" voices were actually supplied by James Doohan, including those of Sargon (Star Trek: Return to Tomorrow (1968)), the M-5 and Commodore Enwright (Star Trek: The Ultimate Computer (1968)), Providers 2 and 3 Star Trek: The Gamesters of Triskelion (1968)), a NASA technician (Star Trek: Assignment: Earth (1968)), and a radio announcer (Star Trek: A Piece of the Action (1968)).
Gene Roddenberry created the characters of Uhura and Nurse Chapel especially for Nichelle Nichols and Majel Barrett respectively, both of whom were having affairs with Roddenberry when he conceived the series. Nichols broke off her affair with Roddenberry not long after the series began, though Barrett would eventually marry the series creator. They remained together until his death.
Mark Lenard, best known for his role as Sarek, Spock's father, was the first actor to play a member of all three of the major alien races: Romulan (Star Trek: Balance of Terror (1966)), Vulcan (Star Trek: Journey to Babel (1967) and other entries), and Klingon (Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979)).
Scotty's full name is Montgomery Scott. The name was improvised on the spot by James Doohan and Gene Roddenberry: 'Scott' because Roddenberry liked Doohan's Scottish brogue, and 'Montgomery' because it's Doohan's middle name.
Sulu and Uhura didn't have first names in the series. Sulu did get a first name (Hikaru) in source books, but it was not spoken on screen until Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (1991). In Season 2 DVD Special Features, Nichelle Nichols reveals that she and Gene Roddenberry accepted the first name "Nyota" for her character, which is a Swahili word meaning "Star". Uhura is a "girly" variant of "Uhuru", Swahili for "freedom". However, the 1968 book, "The Making of Star Trek" by Stephen J. Whitfield and Gene Roddenberry, gave her the first name of Penda. Trek fandom's insistence on ignoring this remains a mystery, as they cite this work on many other points. Nyota was finally spoken on screen in Star Trek (2009).
Kirk's nickname for McCoy "Bones" stems from the term Sawbones, which is often used as slang for a surgeon, particularly a Naval or Military Doctor, but also appears in westerns which Gene Roddenberry, DeForest Kelley and other members of the cast and crew "cut their teeth on" prior to Star Trek. The term refers to the process of amputation, a distressingly common response to an inordinate number of problems until very recently. Kirk did call McCoy Sawbones once, in Star Trek: A Piece of the Action (1968). In original scripts for Star Trek: Shore Leave (1966), Sulu called McCoy Sawbones. Interestingly, a different origin for the nickname was presented in Star Trek (2009); during his first conversation with Jim Kirk, McCoy tells about how he lost everything in his divorce, and all he has left are his "bones".
The character of Uhura was one of the first black regular characters on any series (predating Diahann Carroll's groundbreaking lead role as a young, widowed nurse and single mother in Julia (1968) by two years), and she was especially significant because her character avoided many of the stereotypes that were common among depictions of African Americans in TV at the time. Nichelle Nichols, who played Uhura, has said that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. himself told her how important it was for her to keep playing the role, since it was so rare to see a positive portrayal of a black character on television. During her interview for the documentary Trekkies (1997), Nichols said that she later heard from at least one viewer for whom King's words had been true as a child: when the actress Whoopi Goldberg (who later went on to star in Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987)) first watched Star Trek (1966), she yelled out, "Momma! There's a black lady on TV, and she ain't no maid!" During a 2011 "Storycorps" interview, Carl McNair, brother of Ronald McNair (the second black person in space and one of the seven astronauts who died in the January 28, 1986, Challenger explosion), recalled the impact that watching "Star Trek" had on Ron: "Now, Star Trek showed the future where there were black folk and white folk working together. I just looked at it as science fiction, 'cause that wasn't going to happen, really. But Ronald saw it as science possibility. He came up during a time when there was Neil Armstrong and all of those guys; so how was a colored boy from South Carolina - wearing glasses, never flew a plane - how was he gonna become an astronaut? But Ron was one who didn't accept societal norms as being his norm, you know? That was for other people. And he got to be aboard his own Starship Enterprise." During the 1970s and '80s, because of her status as the first black person "in space," NASA hired Nichols (during the mid-1970s) to help recruit minority and female astronauts to the program. As a result, NASA Astronaut Group 8 (selected in January 1978) yielded the astronauts she helped sign including Col. Guion Bluford (the first African American in space), Dr. Judith A. Resnik (the first Jewish American person in space), and Dr. Ron McNair. Four of the astronauts (Judith Resnik, Ron McNair, Ellison Onizuka, and Francis Richard "Dick" Scobee) recruited from NASA Group 8 perished in the Space Shuttle Challenger on January 28, 1986 - which later was commemorated during the introduction of Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986).
The eleven-foot studio model of the U.S.S. Enterprise is on display in the National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.
On at least two occasions (Star Trek: Miri (1966) and Star Trek: The City on the Edge of Forever (1967)) the exterior Mayberry set from The Andy Griffith Show (1960) was used. In "City," as Kirk walks Edith home, they pass by the easily recognizable courthouse, Floyd's barbershop, Emmett's repair shop, and the grocery.
Recently, James Doohan's son attempted to purchase a life-sized wax replica of his father at a Hollywood wax museum auction, but was outbid by an unidentified fan.
Many elements of the Spock character were improvised by Leonard Nimoy during production. For instance, the "Vulcan neck pinch" was his suggestion during filming of Star Trek: The Enemy Within (1966) for how Spock could subdue an opponent. The "Vulcan salute" was created during the production of Star Trek: Amok Time (1967) using a version of a traditional Jewish religious hand gesture as a distinctive Vulcan greeting.
Gene Roddenberry originally conceived Spock's skin color to be red, which would have meant extra hours in make-up for Leonard Nimoy. Fortunately for him, an early make-up test showed the red color appeared as black on black-and-white televisions. As most televisions in the '60s were still black-and-white, the idea was dropped.
George Takei claimed in 2014 that his homosexuality was a guarded secret amongst the cast. Nevertheless he privately pitched to Gene Roddenberry a story idea in which homosexuality would be allegorically depicted by an alien race the crew encounters. Takei claimed that Roddenberry liked the idea, but reluctantly decided it would be too controversial.
An episode was written for comedian Milton Berle to guest star in, titled "He Walked Among Us." Berle would have played a sociologist playing God in a primitive society. Berle was a fan of the series, and wanted to show his dramatic acting range. But Norman Spinrad's script was rewritten by Story Editor Gene L. Coon into a comedy. Spinrad was so angry that he wanted the episode scrapped. Gene Roddenberry agreed to scrap the episode after reading the script.
Gene Roddenberry originally conceived the Klingons as looking more alien than they do in the series, but budget restriction prevented this, although a very metallic cast to the skin was added to the make-up design in the third season. When the show finally was made into a series of movies, the higher budget and demands of film finally enabled what Rodenberry had envisioned to come to fruition. The resulting continuity break between TOS and all other Star Trek projects was addressed by a humorous comment from Gene Roddenberry, as a 'difference between Northern and Southern Klingons.' On-screen explanations were played with. In Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Trials and Tribble-ations (1996) where members of DS9 travel back in time, Dr. Bashir and Miles O'Brien speculated about the differing appearance being the result of genetic engineering or viral mutation. Worf said it was something Klingons "do not discuss it with outsiders.' In the fourth and final season of the fifth "Star Trek" series Star Trek: Enterprise (2001) a two-parter comes up with an explanation which turns out to be a combination of those two things.
James Doohan was cast largely for his ability to speak in multiple accents and dialects. Gene Roddenberry had no set nationality or ethnic background in mind for the Enterprise's Chief Engineer. Upon being cast, Doohan tried out many accents for the character, and along with Roddenberry determined the Scottish accent worked best. Doohan also pointed out the history of great engineers of Scottish origin or descent, most notably Robert Fulton.
Television shows of the era that filmed at the same studios often shared minor cast members. It is common to see familiar faces in episodes of Star Trek (1966), Batman (1966), Mission: Impossible (1966), Get Smart (1965), The Time Tunnel (1966), Lost in Space (1965), and The Wild Wild West (1965). Many were The Twilight Zone (1959) veterans as well.
Leonard Nimoy's make-up had a faint greenish hue to it, because of his green Vulcan blood. Because the make-up was hand-mixed, the amount of green varied slightly, and in many shots (even close-ups) it's not really visible.
In the original series, the 'arrowhead' badge worn by the crew of the Enterprise was meant to be an insignia for the Enterprise only. If you'll notice on any 'guest' Starfleet character, they all wear different symbols on their uniforms. And Commadores wore a 'starburst' or 'sun' insignia. By the time Star Trek hit the big screen in Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979), the Arrowhead insignia was adopted as the official Starfleet symbol and has remained so throughout the films and spin-off series, with the exception of Star Trek: Enterprise (2001) which pre-dates the original series.
The slanting crawlway that leads up to the warp-drive nacelles is referred to as a "Jefferies tube." This is a reference to Art Director Walter M. Jefferies.
Even though they played father and son, Mark Lenard (Sarek) was only six years older than Leonard Nimoy (Spock).
Notable for being the first scripted American television show to display a kiss between black and white races, William Shatner (Kirk) and Nichelle Nichols (Uhura), in Star Trek: Plato's Stepchildren (1968) broadcast November 22, 1968 to considerable controversy. Though the series was well known for its social commentary, Nichols later claimed that more letters were received about that kiss than anything else during the show's run.
Two models of the U.S.S. Enterprise were used on the show. One is three feet long and the other is eleven feet long.
Kirk never says "Beam me up, Scotty" in any episode, although this misquote is one of pop culture's most popular Star Trek mottoes (used frequently in spoofs), and the title of a memoir-book by William Shatner. Kirk says many similar lines throughout the series - "Scotty, beam us up", "Beam me up", "Scotty, beam me up," "Beam them out of there, Scotty" et cetera et cetera - but never "Beam me up, Scotty." The closest came during the animated spin-off _"Star Trek: The Animated Series" (1973) "Yesteryear" when Kirk said "Beam us up, Scotty."
The series' opening theme has lyrics which were never used (although they were published in the book "The Making of Star Trek", by Stephen J. Whitfield). The lyrics were written by Gene Roddenberry, not so they would be sung on-screen (which he never intended or even wanted), but so he could take a co-writer credit, and receive residual payments for the theme's use alongside the theme's composer, Alexander Courage. Roddenberry did this nearly a year after the show was first aired, taking advantage of a contract clause, of which Courage claimed not to have been aware. Although Courage never took the matter to court, he expressed resentment on numerous occasions to the way Roddenberry "swindled" fifty percent of the popular theme's royalties from him. Roddenberry's response was, "Hey, I have to get some money somewhere. I'm sure not going to get it out of the profits of Star Trek." After the first season of Star Trek, the two never worked together again - although the music has been used in various forms in many of the spin-off projects.
In several episodes, prop beverage bottles were modified from existing alcohol bottles. Aldeberan Whiskey bottles were Cuervo Gold 1800 Tequila bottles. Bottles used for Saurian Brandy were George Dickel Tennessee Sour Mash Whiskey carafes.
Spock's farewell remark "Live long and prosper" was ranked #5 in TV Guide's list of "TV's 20 Top Catchphrases" (August 21-27, 2005 issue).
Leonard Nimoy and Majel Barrett are the only actor and actress to appear in both the first (Star Trek: The Cage (1986)) and last (Star Trek: Turnabout Intruder (1969)) episodes of the series.
Due to budget constraints, the element of "parallel" or "mirror" Earth planets was used on several occasions to keep set and make-up costs down. (i.e. Star Trek: Miri (1966), Star Trek: Bread and Circuses (1968), Star Trek: A Piece of the Action (1968), Star Trek: Patterns of Force (1968) and more.)
The Enterprise is a Constitution-class ship, The space shuttle Enterprise, which was named for her after a fan lobbying campaign of NASA, was originally supposed to be named Constitution. Further, Enterprise NCC-1701 was named for the aircraft carrier Enterprise CVN-65, which along with the "Old Ironsides" U.S.S. Constitution is the longest-serving warships in the U.S. Navy, having been commissioned in 1797.
William Shatner and James Doohan are originally Canadian.
The Klingons were created by Screenwriter Gene L. Coon, and first appeared in the 1967 script Star Trek: Errand of Mercy (1967). They were named after Lieutenant Wilbur Clingan, who served with Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry in the Los Angeles Police Department.
Mr. Spock was played as much more emotional and "human" in the original rejected pilot, Star Trek: The Cage (1986). This is very noticeable during the flashback sequences of Star Trek: The Menagerie: Part I (1966) and Star Trek: The Menagerie: Part II (1966). The flashbacks were simply scenes from the original pilot, re-edited into the new episodes.
Ranked #1 in TV Guide's list of the "30 Top Cult Shows Ever!" (June 28, 2007 issue).
Stardates are used throughout the series to give the audience an unrealistic look at the time-frame in which the series occurred. However, NBC paid no attention to the producers' intents when deciding on airing order, so the dates were not heard in numerical sequence.
Lloyd Bridges was approached to play Capt. Pike in the original pilot Star Trek: The Cage (1986) but turned it down believing that a science-fiction show would hurt his career. Jeffrey Hunter, who played Capt. Pike, was replaced after his salary demands were deemed to be too high.
According to William Shatner's Star Trek TV memoirs, DeForest Kelley was the first one considered for the role of Spock. Kelley's own claims contradict this, however. He preferred working in Westerns, but Roddenberry talked him into playing a lawyer in a pilot which did not sell, and subsequently approached Kelley for the role of a doctor, in what turned out to be a science fiction setting. Noting that Hollywood was making fewer and fewer Westerns, the actor accepted.
In many episodes, alien art work and wall hangings were in reality discarded protective Styrofoam shipping box liners from tape recorders used by fellow Desilu/Paramount show Mission: Impossible (1966), spray painted various colors and arranged into various combined forms.
Chekov was added to the show in season two in an attempt to reach out to and expand the show's younger (particularly female) demographics. A discredited story claims that Chekov was created as a Russian after Gene Roddenberry heard about the Soviet newspaper Pravda complaining about the lack of Russian presence on the series, specifically because the Russians were the first to put men in space. There was no such article, as the Soviet Union did not broadcast Star Trek.
Gene Roddenberry once hypothesized that the Enterprise carried a platoon of Starfleet Marines, but they never appeared onscreen in the original series. The Starfleet Marines would eventually make an appearance, but not until Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (1991) and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1993). The idea was revived with the addition of a group of "space marines" - called MACOS - beginning in the 2003-2004 season of Star Trek: Enterprise (2001).
In the first season of Star Trek (1966), only William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy had their names appear in the opening credits. It wasn't until the start of the second season that the opening credits were slightly extended to include DeForest Kelley as well. The names for James Doohan, Walter Koenig, Nichelle Nichols, and George Takei have all appeared in the closing credits for all three seasons of the show, since they didn't always appear together in every episode.
Gene Roddenberry wrote lyrics for the show's theme song. They do not fit the tune exactly and are said to be difficult to sing. They are :


The rim of the star-light

My love

Is wand'ring in star-flight

I know

He'll find in star-clustered reaches


Strange love a star woman teaches.

I know

His journey ends never

His star trek

Will go on forever.

But tell him

While he wanders his starry sea

Remember, remember me.
At the time of NASA's first space shuttle launches, Nichelle Nichols was an official spokeswoman for the administration.
As the first season progressed, producers feared that Leonard Nimoy would eventually quit the series. As a result they put together a list of actors to consider for recasting the role of Spock should Nimoy have left. Among the actors considered was Mark Lenard who would eventually be cast as Spock's Father Sarek.
Captain Kirk's birthplace was established to be the state of Iowa, according to Gene Roddenberry in his book "The Making of Star Trek". Although an exact city was never established throughout the series, in 1985, the town of Riverside, Iowa officially proclaimed itself to be the "Future Birthplace of James T. Kirk". Steve Miller, a member of the Riverside City Council, who had read Roddenberry's book, suggested to the council that Riverside should proclaim itself to be the future birthplace of Kirk. Miller's motion passed unanimously, and the council later wrote to Roddenberry for his permission to be designated as the official birthplace of Kirk, to which Roddenberry agreed. The town is home to many Star Trek-related attractions, events and displays, including a replica of the U.S.S. Enterprise (named the U.S.S. Riverside), as well as playing host to the annual Riverside Trek Festival.
Chekov at one point was to be British as his looks and appearance were modeled after The Beatles and The Monkees, who are also said to be the inspiration for the creation of the character.
During the second season there were rumors that the series was to be canceled. A group of science fiction fans, led by Bjo Trimble, organized a letter writing campaign to NBC, begging that the show be renewed for a third season. This campaign was so successful, inundating the offices of NBC with thousands of letters that the series was not only renewed, but voice-over announcements were made over the credits of several episodes of the summer reruns of the show, thanking the viewers for their support of the show and promising that it would return for a third season in the fall.
The episode Star Trek: Who Mourns for Adonais? (1967) was the very first episode to feature all seven members of the original cast - including Walter Koenig (Chekov) who was the last to join the cast, at the very beginning of season two.
Chekov's middle name was Andreievich. Aside from Kirk, he was the only original series character whose middle name (or initial) was revealed.
The series was originally produced at Desilu Studios, which was owned by Lucille Ball. Ball heavily advocated for the show, and it was largely her influence with NBC which lead to a second chance after rejection of the original pilot. Ball was also said to be a genuine fan of the show, and often is affectionally referred to as Star Trek's Godmother.
Martin Landau was originally offered the role of Commander Spock. Leonard Nimoy had appeared on The Lieutenant (1963), an earlier series produced by Gene Roddenberry, who at the time thought that the actor would be well cast as an alien (when he ran out of choices). Nimoy inspired the creation of the character. Shortly after Star Trek (1966)'s cancellation, he took over the role of disguise-expert on Mission: Impossible (1966) when Landau left that show. Mission: Impossible was also filmed on the same lot, therefore, when "Star Trek" ended, Nimoy merely went next door to go to his new job. Also, Landau would go on to star in another science fiction space exploration television series, Space: 1999 (1975), whose last season was produced by Fred Freiberger, who also produced Star Trek's final season.
Both pilots for Star Trek (1966) - Star Trek: The Cage (1986) and Star Trek: Where No Man Has Gone Before (1966) - were the only episodes not filmed at the current-day Paramount Studio lot in Hollywood. They were filmed at the present-day Sony Pictures Culver Studios in Culver City, California.
According to his character biography in the series Writer's Guide, McCoy was divorced and had a college aged daughter named Joanna. None of this was mentioned in any episode, though there were a couple of unsuccessful attempts to feature an appearance by Joanna. The character of Irina (Mary Linda Rapelye) in Star Trek: The Way to Eden (1969) was originally to have been Joanna. Joanna would be mentioned in the animated series, and also depicted or referred to in non-canonical Star Trek novels and comics. Finally, in Star Trek (2009), McCoy's bitter divorce is prominently mentioned during his fist conversation with Jim Kirk (though there was no mention of a daughter).
Largely reflecting their on-screen roles as Kirk and Spock, William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy came to be close friends in real-life. However, some of the other cast members, notably James Doohan and George Takei, have said they found it difficult to work and deal with William Shatner, resulting in their dislike of him on a personal level as well.
The series no longer holds the record for the first ever televised interracial kiss due to a recently discovered recording of a the British series Emergency-Ward 10 (1957) that predates it by two years.
The story that the U.S.S. Enterprise's registry number "NCC-1701" was derived from Walter M. Jefferies' antique Waco biplane (FAA registration NC17704) is mostly apocryphal. According to Jefferies himself, the Star Fleet "NCC" was a mix of the original international codes "NC" for United States commercial vehicles and "CC CC" for Russian vehicles. The "1701" was selected for visual clarity, with "17" representing the seventeenth basic Federation ship design, and "01" marking Enterprise as the first commissioned vessel of that design. Interestingly, there was once in fact a Waco YKS biplane registered with the FAA as NC17701.
Grace Lee Whitney was supposed to be the lead female character, hence her prominent role as Yeoman Janice Rand in the first season. However, the producers let go of the character after the first half of the first season, much to the fans' regret. Whitney, however was asked back for most of the Star Trek movies, reprising her role as Janice.
Each starship and starbase had its own insignia, which was worn on the left breast of the uniform. The Enterprise's insignia was the now well known arrowhead shape. The boomerang shape from the side of the ship was the starfleet command insignia.
According to the DVD commentary, many of the sets used for the series were built with easily removable wall panels designed to allow for easy camera placement and easy redressing of the sets for other uses.
The creation of the the show's "transporters" and concept of beaming off and on the ship was largely due to budget constraints and pacing issues. Gene Roddenberry was unable to find a way to plausibly show the Enterprise repeatedly landing on and taking off from different locations in almost every episode.
When Nichelle Nichols was asked what her favorite episode was, she replied, "Any time Uhura got off the bridge".
Early on in season two, to save the time in later episodes, the producers took aside George Takei and Walter Koenig and sat them facing the bridge's viewscreen, with the camera directly behind them. While the camera was running, they were asked to carry on as normal pressing buttons, et cetera for a few minutes. Then George was told to "turn to face the camera and look worried." Then Walter was told to do the same. Then they were told to both face the camera and look worried. It is not known how often, or when these shots were edited into the subsequent shows.
William Shatner admitted in his autobiography that he and Leonard Nimoy did not get along throughout the series. According to Shatner, he was bothered by Nimoy's massive popularity because Shatner felt that he was the star of the series. According to Nimoy's memoir, Shatner demanded some of Nimoy's lines to be given to him instead. In one incident, a photographer from Life Magazine was on the set to do a profile on Nimoy. Shatner demanded the photographer to be removed from the set and refused to come out of his dressing room. Nimoy stormed off to his dressing room and refused to come out until the photographer was allowed back. Filming was delayed for hours while the executives pleaded with both stars to return to work. According to Nimoy, Gene Roddenberry sought Isaac Asimov's advice to help settle the feud. Shatner and Nimoy eventually reconciled during the making of the "Star Trek" film series and remained good friends for decades.
A recurring theme within the series concerned the frequent death of security crewmen wearing red uniforms. Fans who did a thorough investigation, concluded that about 73 percent of characters who died in the series wore a red shirt (yet, only ten percent of the red shirts seen eventually died). This became such an inside joke that the term "red shirt" later became synonymous for a stock character in a series whose sole purpose is to be killed off in the story.
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Malachi Throne provided the voice of the Talosian Keeper in the first pilot Star Trek: The Cage (1986), which was also Leonard Nimoy's first "Star Trek" appearance. Throne was also with Nimoy for his final "Star Trek" television appearance, Star Trek: The Next Generation: Unification II (1991).
Star Trek: Mirror, Mirror (1967) marks the only time in the series where Scotty (James Doohan) addresses Captain Kirk (William Shatner) as "Jim."
Jerry Goldsmith was Gene Roddenberry's first choice to write the theme for this series. Years later, Goldsmith wrote the theme to Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979), which later was used for Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987).
According to the Hollywood Entertainment Museum, as of fall 2003 only a few pieces of the original 1960s bridge survive. The museum, on Hollywood Boulevard, incorporates two original turboshaft doors into its Star Trek display, while a Los Angeles bookstore reportedly owns the original Captain's chair.
The Star Trek crews from all the "Star Trek" series were ranked #2 in TV Guide's list of the "25 Greatest Sci-Fi Legends" (August 1, 2004 issue).
The Romulans were created by Paul Schneider, who said "it was a matter of developing a good Romanesque set of admirable antagonists ... an extension of the Roman civilization to the point of space travel".
Gene Roddenberry believed the show's initial higher than expected ratings when the series entered syndication were a fluke and expected the sudden birth of interest in the series to die down.
Gene Roddenberry originally envisioned the Enterprise as one of only about twelve to fifteen starships comprising the Federation Starfleet due to the incredible cost in time and resources in building such vessels. This accounts for the Enterprise constantly encountering new or relatively unknown planets and aliens, as well as being the only ship "in range" when some crisis would break out. This idea was gradually dropped with the advent of the films and especially later, with Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987) by which time the Enterprise-D has become the flagship of an entire armada of ships patrolling the galaxy.
Nichelle Nichols revealed in 2011 that she auditioned for Spock.
There are contradictory indicators as to just how far into the future the series is set. A calendar year for the adventures of the Enterprise crew is never given in any episode, and Gene Roddenberry said the series could have taken place anywhere from the 21st to the 31st Centuries. However, in Star Trek: Tomorrow Is Yesterday (1967), which involves a time-trip to Earth in the 1960s, Kirk is arrested by security at Omaha Air Force Base. When an officer threatens to lock him up for two hundred years if he does not explain who he is and why he is there, Kirk mutters, "That ought to be just about right." Stronger is Star Trek: Space Seed (1967), where a ship filled with people in suspended animation capsules is dated to the 1990s. When the first person revived asks "How long?" a few minutes later, the response is, "We estimate two centuries." An advance print ad for Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979) had a blurb across the top that began, "In the 23rd Century...," leading fans to protest on the basis of those two original series statements. The ad was soon changed to bear a non-time specific blurb, but "Trekkies" refused to acknowledge the fact that "23rd century" was an error. In Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (1982), after the opening credits, the words "In the 23rd Century" appear. By the time of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987), calendar years for Trek adventures had been established and the official Star Trek Chronology now indicates that the original "Star Trek" television series takes place between the years 2266 and 2269. (Later in Star Trek: Voyager: Q2 (2001) it was said that Kirk's five-year mission ended in 2270.) It wasn't until Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986), that the 23rd century time line is internally established, in a conversation between Kirk and Dr. Gillian Taylor (Catherine Hicks).
Star Trek: Shore Leave (1966) has the only scene in which the U.S.S. Enterprise is seen orbiting a planet from right to left. The U.S.S. Enterprise also does this briefly in the parallel universe, in the pre-credits sequence of Star Trek: Mirror, Mirror (1967), but by the beginning of Act I, it is again orbiting from left to right.
The images displayed during the end credits of the show tended to follow a specific format. The first image was either an external shot of the Enterprise in space, or in orbit of a planet (seasons one and two) or a shot of the Melkotian head from Star Trek: Spectre of the Gun (1968) (season three). The second image was often a specific scene from that particular episode aired, while the rest of the images up until the final one were various images from random episodes, and finally, the final image at the end of the credits would be either a shot of the Orion slave girl (from Star Trek: The Cage (1986)) during season one, a shot of Big Balok (from Star Trek: The Corbomite Maneuver (1966)) during season two, and a simple space shot for season three. Also worth mentioning is that the opening and closing credits text for seasons one and two were yellow, while the text for season three was light blue.
During the nine days when the NASA astronaut Dr. Mae Jemison was a mission specialist on her spaceflight (STS-47, September 12-20, 1992), she would start each shift not according to NASA protocol for opening communications with Mission Control but instead with the words "hailing frequencies open." These were the words that Lieutenant Uhura (Nichelle Nichols) used on Star Trek (1966) whenever she opened lines of communication. Jemison, the first African-American woman in space, has said in many interviews, that seeing Nichols on Star Trek (1966) as a child, was a major inspiration for her to become an astronaut. After retiring from NASA, Jemison had a small guest-starring role on an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987), making her the first person to have both traveled in space and appeared on a Star Trek show.
The set for Spock's quarters is simply a redressed version of the set for Captain Kirk's.
There are conflicting reasons as to why Janice Rand was written out of the series after only eight appearances during the first season. Gene Roddenberry has said it was a budgetary move, but others have claimed that as the show progressed her role as the Captain's Woman, or potential loved interest for Kirk became impractical. Other stories have claimed that Grace Lee Whitney was having issues with alcoholism, which was said to be affecting her work on the series. Whitney herself said she may have been let go to keep her quiet over accusations of a network executive having sexually assaulting her. Whitney would later return to reprise her role as Rand, making brief appearances in some of the Star Trek movies, and a guest appearance on Star Trek: Voyager: Flashback (1996).
Leonard Nimoy received Emmy Award nominations for Best Supporting Actor in a Dramatic Role for each of the show's three seasons. These would be the only Emmy Award nominations in acting categories for any series in the Star Trek franchise.
One of the Starfleet's directives is that it can't let the inhabitants of planets visited learn of their technology. Yet, there are numerous episodes where communicators, phasers, and other sophisticated equipment is left behind.
In the mid 2000's, a competition was held among real life Scottish cities and towns to be declared as Scotty's Official Birthplace (and Home Town). Linlithgow made a strong push, claiming direct reference in some of the show's production notes. Aberdeen won out, largely on the basis of a brief line of dialogue from Star Trek: Wolf in the Fold (1967). James Doohan also said he based Scotty's accent on that of someone he knew who had been from Aberdeen.
The name Sulu is not Japanese in origin. Gene Roddenberry named the character after the Sulu Sea, which he noted touched the shores of all Asian countries. Actors of various different Asian backgrounds auditioned for the part, and George Takei's Japanese heritage largely lead to Sulu specifically being identified as such.
Many owners of a Canadian five-dollar note would doodle on the portrait of Sir Wilfrid Laurier to make him look like Spock, because of his striking resemblance to him. This was known as "Spocking Fives". As of 2013, the portrait of Laurier has been updated to make the resemblance to Spock less obvious and to prevent people from altering the portrait again.
The series takes place from 2266 to 2269.
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George Takei was unavailable for nine episodes during the second season. Takei had been cast in the film The Green Berets (1968), which provided scheduling conflicts.
CBS initially expressed an interest in picking up the series, but ultimately passed on it, since they were already developing another science fiction television series Lost in Space (1965). CBS would come to own and distribute the series as a result of their corporate connections with Paramount.
James Hong auditioned for Sulu, but was passed over in favor of George Takei.
The Klingons were intended to look slightly Asian in appearance, but the idea was dropped. However, the concept of Klingon's Warrior Class System, and Imperial nature were similar to aspects of some Asian cultures. The Klingons came to be developed as reflecting Soviet Communists in plots paralleling Cold War issues and tensions of the time (with The Federation representing the U.S. and its allies). The real life changes in the Soviet Union/Russia would subsequently be reflected by The Klingons in the movies and the later Trek series. The Romulans, who were more secretive in nature, and having an uneasy alliance with The Klingons have come to be viewed as reflecting Red China.
Pavel Chekov was also the name of playwright Anton Chekhov's father.
According to DVD commentary, a rotating drum with a slot cut out for light to shine through was used to give the turbolifts the illusion of motion.
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Three of the main cast members were the children or grandchildren of Russian-Jewish immigrants: Leonard Nimoy's parents came to North America from Ukraine, as did William Shatner's grandparents, while Walter Koenig's parents were from Lithuania.
Diana Muldaur who appeared in Star Trek: Return to Tomorrow (1968) and Star Trek: Is There in Truth No Beauty? (1968) later played the character of Dr. Katharine Pulaski during season two of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987). Although she appeared in almost every episode of the season, she was never considered a regular.
The broadcast rights to "Star Trek" in the UK were originally held by the BBC and that network banned the episodes "The Empath," "Whom Gods Destroy," "Plato's Stepchildren" and "Miri" for many years. "Miri" was shown once in 1970 before being proscribed and "The Empath" was scheduled that year, but not aired. The BBC considered "Star Trek" to be a children's show and stated that the episodes "all dealt most unpleasantly with the already unpleasant subjects of madness, torture, sadism and disease." British fans cried foul, and hypocrisy as well, noting that the BBC's "Doctor Who," aired in the same time slot, had scenes more gruesome than anything in "Star Trek" and that the BBC also purveyed "I, Claudius" which featured torture, murder, and even cannibalism. The banned episodes were screened at conventions, released on video, and, in the 1990s, eventually aired.
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Nichelle Nicols was the only regular cast member not to reprise her role in crossovers with the Star Trek spin off projects. McCoy, Spock and Scotty appeared on Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987). Kirk, Scotty, and Chekov appeared in Star Trek: Generations (1994). Sulu (along with Janice Rand) appeared on the Star Trek: Voyager (1995) episode Flashback. While Chapel did not make any such appearances, Majel Barret would play the recurring role of Lwaxanna Troi on Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987) and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1993), as well as continuing as computer voices for all Star Trek spin offs. Uhura was seen in archived footage used in the Deep Space Nine episode Trials and Tribble-ations.
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While Spock's name appears to be a singular one, he explains in Star Trek: This Side of Paradise (1967) that he has a surname which is largely unpronounceable for non-Vulcans.
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In the UK, Star Trek: Miri (1966) had received a lot of complaints by the BBC from parents of young viewers, that had felt that the show was unsuitable for children, because it dealt with the subject matter of madness, torture, sadism and disease, and the BBC later excluded (#1.8) from repeat transmissions, and was not broadcast again until the 1990s.
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Much of the futuristic architecture depicted and set designs were inspired by displays and pavilions featured at the 1964-65 New York City World's Fair.
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DeForest Kelley's favorite episode was Star Trek: The Empath (1968).
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James Doohan's favorite episode was Star Trek: The Doomsday Machine (1967).
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Most episodes revolve around Kirk, Spock, and/or McCoy. Producers often proclaimed intentions to feature stories focusing on the supporting characters. While Scotty achieved greater prominence in some episodes as the show went on, promised episodes centering around Sulu, Chekov, or Uhura never materialized.
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Walter Koenig claimed he wasn't aware of being cast as Chekov, until he was summoned to wardrobe, and one of the dressers started to take measurements for his uniform.
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Traditionally, science fiction stories had depicted space travel craft as either flying saucers or oblong capsules, often shaped like cigars or fountain pens. The design of the Enterprise combined both traditional concepts.
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While there are many possible permutations of the origin of the Vulcan greeting "Live Long and Prosper," in keeping with the series (and franchise) affinity for Shakespearean references, it seems entirely possible that it was lifted from Act 5, Scene 3 of Romeo and Juliet, where Romeo bids farewell to his best friend Balthazar for the last time, saying "Live and be prosperous, and farewell, good fellow."
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McCoy, Spock, and Scott were shown to still be living during the time of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987), taking place approximately seventy years after the events of Star Trek. Ironically, however, DeForest Kelley, James Doohan, and Leonard Nimoy were the first three primary cast members to die.
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After appearances in each of the first two seasons, a script featuring Harry Mudd was written for the third season. However, Roger C. Carmel was unavailable to reprise the role, and the episode was put aside for use during the show's fourth season (which never occurred due to the show's cancellation). Carmel would return to voice Harry Mudd in the Star Trek: The Animated Series (1973) Animated Series episode Star Trek: The Animated Series: Mudd's Passion (1973). Mudd was also considered for appearances in Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986) and Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987), but those ideas were scrapped due to Carmel's declining health and subsequent death. Mudd would continue to make non-canonical appearances in various Star Trek novels, comic book stories and other non traditional media adaptations.
William Shatner named Star Trek: The Devil in the Dark (1967) as his favorite episode, followed by Star Trek: The City on the Edge of Forever (1967).
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George Takei's favorite episode was Star Trek: The Naked Time (1966).
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At numerous Star Trek conventions, many of the actors openly revealed that they actively disliked William Shatner, because of the way he would take good lines from their characters for himself.
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In Season 1, episode 3 - Kirk is referred to as "James R. Kirk" and not as later known as James T. Kirk. Noted on a grave stone that Gary Lockwood's character created.
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Although frequently referred to as a 'low-budget series', this is only in comparison to the costs of series made in the following decades, adjusted for inflation. The typical budget per episode of Star Trek was almost equal to an episode of contemporary series such as Lost in Space (1965) and Mission: Impossible (1966).
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Two sound effects from War Of The Worlds 1953 were used on Star Trek ,TOS; ,1: The war machines hovering are the sound of a hand phaser, 2: The sound of the "skeleton ray" beçame the sound of photon torpedoes.
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The favored episodes of each cast member are as follows:
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Before Star Trek, William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy appeared together in The Man from U.N.C.L.E.: The Project Strigas Affair (1964).
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Vasquez Rocks was the filming location of many Trek episodes.
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The comic strip version of Star Trek appeared in the UK comic "Joe 90" some time before the show itself aired in the UK. A tin-eared lettering artist wrote Captain Kirk as "Captain Kurt".
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To keep his mouth moist Leonard Nimoy would suck on a lollipop between takes. When the scene was taking place off the ship he would often hide the lollipop inside his tricorder before they filmed.
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Walter Koenig's favorite episode was Star Trek: Spectre of the Gun (1968).
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Personnel changes (eg. arrivals, deaths, or disappearances)
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Stonn (Star Trek: Amok Time (1967)) is the only male Vulcan without a letter "K" in his name.
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When first starting his career in entertainment, Gene Roddenberry worked for the LAPD's Public Relations Department. (Among his first writing jobs was writing scripts for "Dragnet") At the LAPD, Roddenberry worked with a police officer named "Klingin". When developing Star Trek, Roddenberry used the name to create the villainous "Klingons". If you pay close attention to the early episodes in which the Klingons either appear or are mentioned, Kirk pronounces the name "Klingin".
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Nichelle Nichols' favorite episode was Star Trek: Plato's Stepchildren (1968).
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Reportedly, when the show was first pitched to Desilu Studios, upon first seeing the title Star Trek, studio owner Lucille Ball thought the proposed series was a sitcom, or variety show about a group of travelling U.S.O. performers.
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In the end credits, the picture of Big Balok (from Star Trek: The Corbomite Maneuver (1966)) during season two, was used for Herbert F. Solow's credit, as apparently, the feelings for Mr. Solow were rather poor, to put it mildly.
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Of the many Star Trek novels there was one called Ishmael in which there was a crossover with the television series Here Come the Brides (1968), a series that starred Mark Lenard.
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Throughout the series, computer tapes used to record or display information are yellow.
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All computer tapes used to record or display information are yellow.
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The trivia item below may give away important plot points.

In Captain's Kirk's backstory: Kirk was born to Starfleet officer Lt. George Kirk and his wife Winona and he was raised in Iowa. Inspired by his father, Kirk also joined Starfleet and after Christopher Pike was promoted to Fleet captain, Kirk was promoted to Captain and became the new Captain of the USS Enterprise. Spock Prime mentions this to Kirk in the alternate timeline in Star Trek (2009).
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See also

Goofs | Crazy Credits | Quotes | Alternate Versions | Connections | Soundtracks

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