Doctor Zhivago (1965)
MGM, at the time, was greatly suffering from series of box office flops and a misdirected studio management. During the time in the early 1960s, the studio had just come off its outstanding critical, box office, and Academy Award success with Ben-Hur (1959), which had restored the studio's legacy and financial fortunes, only for a few years. MGM, then, fell into a habit that would eventually sink the studio: an entire year's production schedule relied on the success of one big-budget epic each year. This policy began in 1959, when Ben-Hur was profitable enough to carry the studio through 1960. However, four succeeding big-budget epics-like Ben-Hur, each a remake-failed: Cimarron (1960), King of Kings (1961), The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1962), and, most notoriously, Mutiny on the Bounty (1962). Each of these four films, like Ben-Hur, were filmed in a widescreen 70mm film format. The 70mm film cameras and equipment, reportedly, added much turmoil and expense issues to the production on the four films, particularly that of Mutiny on the Bounty. Under the new and revised leadership of Robert M. Weitman (head of production) and Robert O'Brien (president) in 1963, MGM vowed never again to invest in 70mm filmmaking.