Marnie (1964) Poster



Alfred Hitchcock wanted Grace Kelly to make her screen comeback in the title role, but the people of Monaco were not happy with the idea of their princess playing a compulsive thief.
Jump to: Director Cameo (1) | Spoilers (3)
Alfred Hitchcock, following his usual practice, bid for the film rights to Winston Graham's novel anonymously, so as to keep the price down. However, in this instance, the scheme backfired - the anonymity of the purchaser made Graham suspicious, although he regarded the amount of money on offer as extremely generous. He instructed his agent to ask for twice as much. Hitchcock agreed, on condition that the deal be closed immediately. When Graham discovered who it was who had bought the rights, he said he would have given them away free for the honor of having one of his stories filmed by Alfred Hitchcock.
After rehearsing just a few scenes with co-star Sean Connery, Tippi Hedren asked Alfred Hitchcock, "Marnie is supposed to be frigid - have you seen him?" referring to the young Connery. Hitchcock's reply was reportedly, "Yes, my dear, it's called acting."
Diane Baker has said, that for the scene where she eavesdrops on Mark and Marnie talking outside of the house, Alfred Hitchcock came up to her, put his hands on her face, and physically manipulated it into having the expression he wanted for the scene.
When Louise Latham came onto the set in her "young" makeup to film the film's climactic flashback, she looked so different that the cameraman began to ask around to find out who the new actress was.
To film real horses riding without having to work outdoors, Alfred Hitchcock came up with the idea of running the horses on a gigantic treadmill. Crew members objected to the idea because it was considered highly unsafe and because they simply didn't think it would work. Still, Hitchcock wanted to at least try it, and when they did, it worked without a problem. Originally, a harness was attached to Tippi Hedren during these shots for safety reasons, but it was removed when it was found to impede shooting.
Alfred Hitchcock and Tippi Hedren had a major falling-out during the filming and there was a rumor that by the end he directed her through intermediaries. Although Hedren admits the she and Hitchcock's friendship ended during shooting, she denies the rumor that he didn't finish directing the film.
Tippi Hedren has stated that many people have asked her what it was like to kiss the handsome Sean Connery in this film. Her reply was, "How sexy was it? It wasn't. It was simply technical. It was totally technical."
Despite the troubles which reportedly took place on set, Tippi Hedren has stated that this is her favorite movie in which she has appeared.
Tippi Hedren commented on Facebook in May 2017 that she's still in touch with Sean Connery.
After Grace Kelly dropped out of talks to be in the film, Marilyn Monroe expressed interest in playing the part. According to Hollywood columnist Army Archard, when Alfred Hitchcock was asked about this possible casting, his reply was, "It's an interesting idea".
Sean Connery had been worried that being under contract to Eon Productions for both James Bond and non-Bond films would limit his career and turned down every non-Bond film Eon offered him. When asked what he wanted to do, Connery replied that he wanted to work with Alfred Hitchcock, which Eon arranged through their contacts. Connery also shocked many people at the time by asking to see a script; something Connery did because he was worried about being typecast as a spy and he did not want to do a variation of North by Northwest (1959) or Notorious (1946). When told by Hitchcock's agent that Cary Grant did not ask to see even one of Hitchcock's scripts Connery replied, "I'm not Cary Grant." Hitchcock and Connery got along well during filming. Connery also said that he was happy with the film, "with certain reservations."
Despite the poor reviews, Marnie turned out to be a moderate box-office success for Universal. It grossed seven million dollars in theatres on a budget of three million dollars.
Louise Latham, who played Tippi Hedren's mother is only 8 years older.
Louise Latham, who played Marnie's mother, was suggested by screenwriter Jay Presson Allen - the two had been classmates in a boarding school in Texas.
Actress Naomi Watts dressed up as "Marnie" for a portrait that was published in the March 2008 issue of the magazine "Vanity Fair." (She said she was fascinated by Tippi Hedren when they both acted in the film I Heart Huckabees (2004).
Diane Baker was not allowed to read the script of the film before choosing whether or not to do it. She was only told that it was an Alfred Hitchcock movie named Marnie starring Tippi Hedren.
Bernard Herrmann's last score for a Hitchcock film.
Beginning of filming had to be delayed from November 22, 1963 until November 26th because of the assassination and funeral of President John F. Kennedy.
At one point, Lil says "I always thought a girl's best friend was her mother," echoing the famous line from Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho (1960): "A boy's best friend is his mother."
The 6 & 1/2 carat blue-white flawless diamond ring that Mark buys for Marnie cost 42,000 dollars, or approximately 285,000 dollars in 2008 currency, when factored for inflation. In the week that Mark had returned with Marnie up until their marriage, he spends approximately 70,000 dollars, including the ring, or approximately 475,000 dollars when factored for inflation.
The name of Marnie's favorite horse is "Forio". "Phorion" is Greek for "stolen goods", an appropriate name given Marnie's behavior.
The quote that Sean Connery says to Lil is of Ralph Waldo Emerson, "When Duty whispers low, Thou must, The youth replies, I can!" but he replaces "the" with "then" which is why Lil says he misquoted.
When Alfred Hitchcock's discussion with Grace Kelly (to appear as the title character) became public, the residents of Monaco expressed their disapproval, and Kelly withdrew. In a further complication, since Kelly had not fulfilled her MGM contract when she married Prince Rainier of Monaco in 1956, she could not appear in any film other than an MGM film until she fulfilled the terms of her MGM contract.
Screenwriter Jay Presson Allen wrote in Mark's hobby of studying animal behavior because that was her hobby and tangentially fit with Mark's later inclination to psychoanalyze Marnie.
Alfred Hitchcock was loathe to use a mechanical horse to film the shots of Marnie riding, but sent a crew member to inspect a mechanical horse owned by Disney that was supposed to be the best in existence. Walt Disney spotted the crew member on the Disney lot and personally offered to let Hitchcock use it, which he did.
Marnie arrives in Philadelphia on Saturday, November 30, 1963 which can be determined by the copy of the Philadelphia Inquirer she is carrying as she exits 30th Street Station. This issue of the Inquirer, which was published four days after filming for the movie began on November 26, has the headline "Crash Kills 118" which refers to Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA) Flight 831 from Montreal to Toronto, a DC-8-54CF which crashed at 6:33PM on November 29, 1963 about five minutes after takeoff from Dorval Airport killing all 111 passengers and 7 crew. The other headline starting "President Picks" refers to the establishment of the Warren Commission by President Johnson on November 29 to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy in Dallas one week earlier on November 22.
Alfred Hitchcock first offered the role of Lil Mainwaring to Elizabeth Montgomery. She, however, turned it down, due to her commitment to Bewitched (1964).
Alfred Hitchcock considered Marlon Brando and Peter O'Toole for the role of Mark Rutland.
Joseph Stefano originally wrote a screen adaptation of the novel when Grace Kelly was supposed to star. Stefano's adaptation was much truer to the original book, and would have included two important characters from the novel that never made it into the final version of the film. One was a psychotherapist that Marnie was seeing at Mark's insistence, whose role ended up being merged into Mark's. The other was a man named Terry who was a co-worker of Mark's and also in love with Marnie. The part of Terry was massively reworked and ended up becoming Lil.
After Grace Kelly turned him down, Hitchcock considered and then rejected these actresses for the title role of "Marnie": Eva Marie Saint, Lee Remick, Vera Miles, Claire Griswold, and Susan Hampshire.
Suzanne Pleshette turned down the role of Lil because she thought of herself as a leading lady, not in supporting roles.
Paul Newman was offered the role of Mark Ruland, but wasn't interested. He did star in Alfred Hitchcock 's next film Torn Curtain (1966).
Alfred Hitchcock and screenwriter Jay Presson Allen were allowed to see scenes from Dr. No (1962) when considering Sean Connery for the role of Mark. They liked his charismatic performance so much that they decided to offer him the role even though the obviously Scottish actor did not really fit with their conception of Mark as an "American aristocrat."
The first scene of the film was the last to be filmed, on March 14th, 1964; the location was the railway station at San Jose, California.
When Sean Connery honored Alfred Hitchcock at AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute to Alfred Hitchcock (1979) gala tribute in 1979, Hitch didn't recognize Sean because he didn't have any hair.
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The company created for copyright purposes for the film, "Geoffrey Stanley," was named after Alfred Hitchcock's pet dogs.
Actress Catherine Deneuve said in interviews she would have loved to have played Marnie.
Bruce Dern has a small role as a sailor in the climactic scene. Hitchcock would repeat him 12 years later, this time as a leading man in Family Plot (1976).
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Marnie (1964) opened at New York City theaters as the top half of a double bill with Never Put It in Writing (1964) starring Pat Boone in the second position.
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Filmed from November 26, 1963 to March 19, 1964.
Screenwriter Jay Presson Allen thought that the expensive car Mark drove and the fancy clothes worn by his father were ridiculous and out of place, but Alfred Hitchcock insisted that they were necessary to convey the proper feeling of Mark being part of an "American aristocracy" to the audience.
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Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
According to her autobiography, Jane Fonda wanted to play Lil Mainwaring.
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Rachel Roberts was originally mentioned to play the role of Bernice Edgar.
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Noted action and serial director William Witney was the uncredited second unit director for the fox hunt sequence.
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This was the last Alfred Hitchcock movie edited by George Tomasini.
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Rock Hudson was mentioned to play Mark Rutland in 1963 fan mag publicity.
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Rutland has a phone conversation with a private investigator named Boyle; the film's production designer was Robert F. Boyle.
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Opening credits: The characters and events depicted in this photoplay are fictional. Any similarity to actual persons, living or dead, is purely coincidental.
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Director Cameo 

Alfred Hitchcock: Five minutes into the film, coming out of a hotel room as Marnie walks along the corridor.


The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

Alfred Hitchcock first asked Evan Hunter, the screenwriter for The Birds (1963), to adapt the novel after Tippi Hedren had signed on. However, Hunter strongly objected to the scene in the novel where Mark rapes Marnie, as he felt it was "unheroic" and that it would make women in the audience hate Mark. When he pressed Hitchcock about changing the scene, Hitchcock fired him. Jay Presson Allen, who took over as screenwriter, stated that opposition to the rape scene doomed Hunter since that scene was the main reason Hitchcock wanted to do the film. For her part, Allen said she never had any qualms about including the scene, and felt it was up to Sean Connery and his charisma to make the audience "forgive" Mark's actions.
Alfred Hitchcock put Edgar Allan Poe references throughout this film. Marnie's last name is Edgar. In the novel, Marnie's last name is Elmer. Unlike the film, the novel takes place in England. Like Poe's characters, Marnie Edgar is subject to Psychological terror. The film takes place in New York (Strutt's office), Virginia (Garrod's Stables) and Philadelphia (Rutland Publishing and Wickwind). These are the three places that Edgar Allan Poe lived throughout the better part of his life. The film's climactic scene takes place at Marnie's mother's home in Baltimore, the city where Poe died under mysterious circumstances in 1849. Tippi Hedren played Marnie. Both Tippi Hedren and Edgar Allan Poe were born on January 19. In the novel, Marnie's mother's name is Edith Elmer. In the film, Alfred Hitchcock changed Marnie's mother's name to Bernice Edgar. "Berenice" was a short story written by Edgar Allan Poe. In a 1960 article called "Why I Am Afraid of the Dark", Hitchcock noted this information - "...it's because I liked Edgar Allan Poe's stories so much that I began to make suspense films."
Marnie shoots the horse with a Smith & Wesson Model 10 revolver.
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