There are two references to the French poet, Arthur Rimbaud, in the film. Firstly, Arthur, the character, says his surname is "Rimbaud", though this could be a pseudonym. Secondly, the narrator quotes from Rimbaud's work, "Les Illuminations", after the visit to the Louvre - "Rien ne bougeait encore au front des palais. L'eau etait morte" ("Nothing was stirring yet at the front of the palace. The water was dead").
Odile refers to dancing at 'Mimi Pinson's'. 'Mimi Pinson' was a fictional character in a book by Alfred de Musset, 'Mademoiselle Mimi Pinson: Profil de grisette'. It is likely her name was appropriated for the name of a dance hall/ café. It has links to Odile's character in that Mimi Pinson was a grisette, a term used to define independent young women who were adventurous and lived only for moment.
When the three are at a cafe midway through the film and Odile goes to the lower floor of the cafe to use the bathroom, the music playing in the background is from Jacques Demy's musical 'The Umbrellas of Cherbourg'