The Birds (1963) Poster



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When audiences left the film's UK premiere at the Odeon, Leicester Square, London, they were greeted by the sound of screeching and flapping birds from loudspeakers hidden in the trees to scare them further.
Tippi Hedren's daughter Melanie Griffith was given a present by Alfred Hitchcock during the filming: a doll that looked exactly like Hedren, eerily so. The creepiness was compounded by the ornate wooden box it came in, which the young girl took to be a coffin.
In May 2001, the son of "The Birds" novelist Daphne Du Maurier reported that he and his wife were being terrorized by seagulls nesting outside their cottage in Cornwall, England.
Rod Taylor claims that the seagulls were fed a mixture of wheat and whiskey. It was the only way to get them to stand around so much.
The schoolhouse, in Bodega, California, has also been known to be haunted, even back during the filming. According to Tippi Hedren, the entire cast was spooked to be there. She also mentioned how she had the feeling, while there, that "the building was immensely populated... but there was nobody there." When Hitchcock was told about the schoolhouse being haunted, according to Hedren, he was even more encouraged to film there.
Alfred Hitchcock saw Tippi Hedren in a 1962 commercial aired during the Today (1952) show and put her under contract. In the commercial for a diet drink, she is seen walking down a street and a man whistles at her slim, attractive figure, and she turns her head with an acknowledging smile. In the opening scene of the film, the same thing happens as she walks toward the bird shop. This was an inside joke by Hitchcock.
The crow that sits on Alfred Hitchcock's shoulder in all of the promo photos was not in the movie. It was purchased after the movie had wrapped. A studio staff member bought it when he spotted the tamed bird on the shoulder of a 12-year-old boy walking down the street. The boy was offered about $10 but was hesitant until he discovered why it was needed.
Tippi Hedren was actually cut in the face by a bird in one of the shots.
Also attending the London premiere were two flamingos, 50 red cardinals and starlings, and six penguins.
In one of the first scenes, Tippi Hedren can be seen crossing the street to the pet shop. As she does, she disappears behind a sign for a moment and reappears on the other side. Alfred Hitchcock so hated working on location that he used this moment to seamlessly cut to a studio shot.
Mitch Zanich, owner of the Tides Restaurant at the time of shooting, told Hitchcock he could shoot there if the lead male in the film was named after him, and Hitch gave him a speaking part in the movie. Hitchcock agreed: Rod Taylor's character was named Mitch Brenner, and Mitch Zanich was given a speaking part. After Melanie is attacked by a seagull, Mitch Zanich can be heard saying to Mitch Brenner, "What happened, Mitch?"
A scene in the film shows a service station where a bird knocks over an attendant filling a car with gas. The gas flows across the street where a man lights his cigarette igniting the gas. The fire follows the gas stream to the pump and explodes. The service station was located across from "The Tides" restaurant and pier. In reality this service station did not exist at the time of the filming. However, several years later a service station was built and is still located at the spot shown in the film.
Tippi Hedren was required to really slap Doreen Lang, who played the hysterical mother that called Melanie "evil." Hedren was hesitant, having never slapped anyone before, but Lang convinced her to do it.
Actress Veronica Cartwright celebrated her 13th birthday during the filming of The Birds.
The sound of reel-to-reel tape being run backward and forward was used to help create the frightening bird squawking sounds in the film
Alfred Hitchcock kept a graph in his office, charting the rise and fall of the bird attacks in the film.
This was the first film to carry the Universal Pictures name after dropping the Universal-International name.
Voted seventh-scariest movie of all time by a poll carried out on the British public by Channel 5 and "The Times" in 2006.
When Lydia discovers Dan Fawcett, on the wall behind her is a drawing of the gas station explosion by Albert Whitlock.
The screenwriter for "The Birds", Evan Hunter, aka Ed McBain, wrote a short book "Me and Hitch" about his successful collaboration with Hitch on "Birds" and his "not so much" experience with Hitchcock on their next movie, "Marnie". The book is no longer in print, but available as an e-book.
The automobile driven by Tippi Hedren is an Aston Martin DB2/4 drop-head coupe.
Melanie wears the same green suit throughout the movie, so Tippi Hedren was provided with six identical green suits for the shoot.
The use of standard blue screen techniques for doing matte shots of the birds proved to be unacceptable. The rapid movement of the birds, especially their wings, caused excessive blue fringing in the shots. It was determined that the sodium vapor process could be used to do the composites. The only studio in America that was equipped for this process was the Walt Disney studio. Ub Iwerks, who had become the world's leading expert on the sodium vapor process, was assigned to this production.
The classic scene in which Tippi Hedren watches birds attacking the townsfolk was filmed in the studio from a phone booth. When Melanie opens the phone-booth door, a bird trainer had trained gulls that were taught to fly at it. Surviving photos of the shooting of the scene were published in the book "Hitchcock at Work" by Bill Krohn.
Cast member Doodles Weaver was the uncle of actress Sigourney Weaver, who worked with Veronica Cartwright in Alien (1979), and with Tippi Hedren's daughter, Melanie Griffith, in Working Girl (1988).
In the The Birds II: Land's End (1994), Tippi Hedren does not play her character in this film of Melanie Daniels but a character named Helen.
Costume designer Edith Head referred to Tippi's suit's shade of green as "Eau de Nil" (Nile water).
The schoolhouse in the film is the Potter Schoolhouse, which served Bodega, California, from 1873 to 1961. The building is now a private residence.
Although there is no musical score for this film, composer and Alfred Hitchcock collaborator Bernard Herrmann is credited as a sound consultant.
Alfred Hitchcock approached Joseph Stefano (screenwriter of Psycho (1960)) to write the script, but he wasn't interested in the story. The final screenplay (from a Daphne Du Maurier short story) was written by Evan Hunter, best known to detective-story fans under the pen name Ed McBain.
Dinar, France, hosts a British Film Festival, with a Golden Hitchcock as the prize. There is also a statue of Alfred Hitchcock (standing on what appears to be a very large egg, and with birds on each shoulder) near the beach in Dinard. The statue is moved down to the beach for the actual festival.
The movie features 370 effects shots. The final shot is a composite of 32 separately filmed elements.
The production design makes much use of the color green.
Daphne Du Maurier's story "The Birds" was originally purchased for use on Alfred Hitchcock's television series, Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955).
The famous poster art for the film where a woman is pictured screaming is not Tippi Hedren but is in fact Jessica Tandy taken from the scene where the birds come down the chimney.
Alfred Hitchcock considered Sean Connery for the role of Mitch Brenner. He did cast Connery in his next film Marnie (1964).
When the film was aired on NBC-TV in the USA on 6 January 1968, it became the highest rated film shown on television up to that time. The record held until Love Story (1970) overtook it on 1 October 1972.
According to Norman Lloyd, it was Bernard Herrmann's idea not to use music.
There is no musical score for the film except for the sounds created on the mixtrautonium, an early electronic musical instrument, by Oskar Sala, and the children singing in the school.
(26 May 2012) The actual green suit worn by Tippi Hedren in the movie was showcased at Ireland's "Museum of Style Icons" in Newbridge (Co. Kildare) as part of the permanent collection at the center. In Ireland for the very first time, Hedren made a personal appearance at the event for the special occasion.
Although it was never shot, another ending was scripted by Evan Hunter and sketched by Harold Michelson. The script and sketches appear as a bonus feature on the DVD version.
Before the release of the film, Tippi Hedren was featured on the cover of Look magazine with the caption "Hitchcock's new Grace Kelly."
Alfred J. Hitchcock Productions copyrighted The Birds (1963) twice; on 28 Mar 1963 with a running time of 119 minutes and on 20 Apr 1963 with a running time of 120 minutes. Filming March 5-July 10 1962.
One of the little girls at Cathy's birthday party who walks and stands by the door was played by Suzanne Cupito. She later changed to her stage name, Morgan Brittany. Dallas (1978) fans may remember her as Pamela Ewing's evil half-sister, Katherine Wentworth.
Ursula Andress turned down the role of Melanie Daniels.
According to Tippi Hedren, she signed an seven year contract with Alfred Hitchcock to work in "The Birds" before she even met him. She thought he meant to feature her in Hitch's TV series, but he flew in Martin Balsam to do screen tests of her in scenes from Rebecca (1940), Notorious (1946), and To Catch a Thief (1955).
This was not the first dramatization of Daphne Du Maurier's short story. It was previously adapted for radio at least twice, once starring Herbert Marshall, and again in 1954. Furthermore, it was adapted by writer James P. Cavanagh for a half-hour episode of the TV series Danger (1950). Cavanaugh also wrote at least five episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955), including two directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and was the first writer to adapt Robert Bloch's novel of Psycho (1960) for Hitchcock's production. However, his script was jettisoned in favor of the Joseph Stefano adaptation.
Originally, a scene took place between Melanie and Mitch after Lydia Brenner left for the Fawcett farm. This scene was shot but ultimately cut from the film. All that survive are the script pages and some production photographs. The script pages and photographs appear as a bonus feature on the DVD version the movie.
Hitchcock originally wanted Farley Granger for the role of Mitch Brenner but he was unavailable because of theatrical commitments.
Tippi Hedren's character plays "Deux Arabesques" by Claude Debussy (1888) while at the Brenner house for dinner.
Screenwriter Evan Hunter had Anne Bancroft in mind to play Annie Hayworth.
'Alfred Hitchcock' (I) briefly considered 'Cary Grant' for the role of Mitch Brenner, but decided against using the hugely expensive actor because he felt the birds and the Hitchcock name were the big attractions.
Alfred Hitchcock and screenwriter Evan Hunter considered Audrey Hepburn for the role of Melanie Daniels.
Alfred Hitchcock screen-tested Sandra Dee for the role of Melanie Daniels.
According to her autobiography, Jill Ireland auditioned for the role of Melanie Daniels.
Alfred Hitchcock disliked filming on location, so he filmed as much as possible in the studio on-set.
In the film, it appears as if the schoolhouse is within the bay town limits. The frightened children are clearly shown running downhill toward the town and the water. In real life, the schoolhouse used for those shots is located five miles southeast and inland of Bodega Bay in the separate township of Bodega, California.
The song the children are singing at the school as the crows mass outside is known as "Risseldy Rosseldy", an Americanized variation of the Scottish folk song "Wee Cooper O'Fife"
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Director Cameo 

Alfred Hitchcock:  at the start of the film walking two dogs out of the pet shop (the dogs were actually his own).


The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

The film does not finish with the usual "THE END" title because Alfred Hitchcock wanted to give the impression of unending terror.
Before filming the final attack scene when Melanie goes upstairs, Tippi Hedren asked Alfred Hitchcock , "Hitch, why would I do this?" Hitchcock's response was, "Because I tell you to."
A number of endings were being considered for this film. One that was considered would have showed the Golden Gate Bridge completely covered by birds.
For the scene in which Annie is killed, Suzanne Pleshette who played her told Alfred Hitchcock it would look good if her ear was all bloody and hanging off, so he sent her to the prop department. When it came to shooting the scene, Hitchcock had Annie facing the other way, so the viewer never sees the ear, which Pleshette recalled "was part of his delicious sense of humor."
The climactic scene, in which Tippi Hedren's character is attacked in the bedroom, took seven days to shoot. Hedren said, "[It was] the worst week of my life." The physical and emotional tolls of filming this scene were so strong on her that production was shut down for a week afterward.
When the children are running down the street from the schoolhouse, extra footage was shot back on the Universal sound stages to make the scene more terrifying. A few of the children were brought back and put in front of a process screen on a treadmill. They would run in front of the screen on the treadmill with the Bodega Bay footage behind them while a combination of real and fake crows were attacking them. There were three rows of children and when the treadmill was brought up to speed it ran very fast. On a couple of occasions during the shoot, a number of the children in the front fell and caused the children in back to fall as well. It was a very difficult scene to shoot and took a number of days to get it right. The birds used were hand puppets, mechanical and a couple were trained live birds.
The scene where Tippi Hedren is ravaged by birds near the end of the movie took a week to shoot. The birds were attached to her clothes by long nylon threads so they could not get away.
Near the end of the film, when Mitch carries Melanie down the stairs, it is actually Tippi Hedren's stand-in being carried by Rod Taylor. Hedren was in the hospital recovering from exhaustion after a week of shooting the scene where Melanie is trapped in the upstairs room with the birds.
In the end, when Melanie is carried outside, Mitch opens a door. There was no door used in filming, and it was all done with light effects to make it look as if Mitch opened the front door.
Hitchcock's film and the original story by Daphne Du Maurier share no characters and in fact have only in common the bay-side town setting, the bird's bizarre behavior and their inexplicable tendency to launch frenzied attacks, fall dormant only to attack again later. In Du Maurier's story the main character discovers that this pattern is directly related to the rise and fall of the tides and uses this to their advantage, as opposed to the film which seems to follow the same pattern but never makes a direct connection. Also the original story takes place in Britain and centers around a man protecting his wife and two children at their isolated cottage home, as opposed to the film which centers on the spirited but troubled city dweller Melanie Daniels who travels to the California coast on a whim.

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