The ship built for the film sank in the Atlantic Ocean after taking on water on October 29, 2012 during Hurricane Sandy off of the East Coast of the United States. It was last seen with only the masts standing above the water. Two of the crew died: the captain, Robin Walbridge, and Claudene Christian - the direct descendant of Fletcher Christian.
Marlon Brando, wearing his naval uniform, was widely booed and jeered at the New York premiere, while Trevor Howard received thunderous applause. Brando walked out of the cinema after the audience started laughing at his English accent.
The scene where the ship arrives in Tahiti to be rapturously greeted by the natives was filmed in exactly the same spot where the real Bounty dropped anchor in 1788. 6000 local extras were used for the sequence.
Lieutenant Bligh (his rank was only that of a Lieutenant, but as he commanded the ship, he was automatically called Captain) was chosen for the mission to Tahiti because he was considered one of the most skilled navigators in the world, having been personally selected by Captain James Cook as Master (his title now would be Navigator) on his third voyage around the world. Additionally, Captain Bligh had with him the second copy (referred to as K2) of the John Harrison 'Longitude; watch, the world's first Marine Chronometer (a clock or watch accurate and rugged enough to be used for navigation at sea). It was recovered, still functioning, from Pitcairn Island and is stored at the National Maritime Museum near London.
Marlon Brando's notorious on-set antics reached a pinnacle on this film. According to Peter Manso's Brando biography, Brando had so much clout by this point that he got MGM to green-light virtually every outrageous idea he had. At one point, he pulled people off the film crew to decorate and design a friend's wedding in Tahiti. Another time he had airplanes filled with cases of champagne, turkeys and hams flown to Tahiti for parties.
Ironically, the breadfruit seedlings which Bligh brought to Jamaica as an inexpensive food for the slaves working on English plantations were an utter failure. The slaves took one bite, and refused to eat any more. In effect, they mutinied, just like Bligh's crew.
Hugh Griffith was fired during filming when his alcoholism became unmanageable. That is why his character disappears for large portions of the film. Indeed, his behavior was considered so bad that he was not allowed back onto the island for the final scenes.
The scene where Christian strikes Mills was problematic. On the first take, when Marlon Brando struck Richard Harris, it was a damp squib. Harris responded with a mock curtsy and waggled a limp wrist in the air. Brando didn't get the joke. On the second take, the blow was weak. Harris thrust his chin forward and said, "Come on, big boy, why don't you fucking kiss me and be done with it!" Brando glared, white with rage. Then Harris kissed him on the cheek, hugged him, and said "Shall we dance?" Angry and embarrassed, Brando stormed off the set.
Trevor Howard was initially reluctant to play Bligh, because he felt he was far too old for the part. The real life Lieutenant William Bligh was 33 when the Bounty set sail, and 35 at the time of the mutiny. After all the problems filming, Howard said he wished he had turned the film down.
Richard Harris agreed to take a third-billed role in this film purely to work with Marlon Brando. However, Brando's on-set behavior soured his adoration of the star. Harris would later describe the production as "nightmarish" and "a total f***ing disaster".
For almost four decades, the ship used in this film, built to MGM's specifications at Lunenburg's Smith and Rhuland Ltd., has been a popular tourist attraction in St. Petersburg, Florida. Visitors get to tour the ship itself and learn more about both the historical H.M.S. Bounty and MGM's two screen versions of the Nordhoff and Hall book. She was reused as the Edinburgh Trader in Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006), and sank during Hurricane Sandy in 2012.
During the filming of the movie, Marlon Brando's weight fluctuated wildly and he began to regularly split the seat of the pants on his costumes. The costumer solved the problem by putting stretch fabric in Brando's pants.
Marlon Brando later wrote a long letter to Trevor Howard apologizing for his behavior during filming. Howard was largely responsible for helping the American star win a libel action against a British newspaper concerning the film. He also agreed to appear with Brando in Morituri (1965).
In reality Captain Bligh was not a "flogging captain." The ship's log shows that Bligh flogged less, not more, than most other captains. But he had an acid tongue, believed he was always right, and did not hesitate to berate his officers in front of the men, destroying their authority. This was the real cause of the mutiny.
In 1808, New South Wales Governor Bligh was overthrown in a coup led by his own under-minister, Deputy Governor George Johnston. This mutiny resulted in Bligh being deported to England. Johnston was eventually cashiered.
In 1805, Bligh was appointed governor of New South Wales. Sometime afterward, complaints of his "oppressive attitude" filtered back to London. Many of these complaints were due to Bligh's attempts to combat corruption; the offenders eventually deposed Bligh.
Marlon Brando and Elizabeth Taylor were criticized in the media for what was perceived as their part in causing the budgets of their epic films ("Mutiny on the Bounty" and Cleopatra (1963)) to balloon out of control. Aside from their paychecks ($1.25 million for Brando, with overages; a minimum of $1 million to Taylor, both record salaries for the time), the press claimed it was prima donna behavior on the part of the two stars that caused the resulting fiscal hardships at their respective studios, MGM and 20th-Century Fox. Although both films were costly, and neither made a profit, "Cleopatra" was a far more costly flop. It was budgeted at $44 million (approximately $330 million in 2012 dollars, making it the most expensive film ever made when adjusted for inflation) and earned the studio only $26 million in rentals, against a budget of $19 million and less than $10 million in losses for "Bounty." While MGM was hurt financially, "Cleopatra" nearly bankrupted Fox. In his defense, Brando later pointed out that MGM charged $500,000 - paid in the mid-1930s to the book's two authors - to the budget of the remake, an example of creative accounting that makes Hollywood profit-and-loss statements highly suspect. Whatever the truth, the fact is that Brando's career went into decline after "Bounty," whereas Taylor went on to win a second Oscar and remained among the highest paid movie stars in the world throughout the 1960s. Brando would regain his star power, however, during the 1970s.
Even though The Bounty was larger than the original ship, the vessel was so small crew members were hard pressed to find places to hide so they would be out of camera range. And the ship reacted so violently to each ocean wave that there was an epidemic of seasickness.
Marlon Brando was standoffish with the British cast. Moreover, he alienated several of them with his chronic lateness on the set and his habit of changing his interpretation of scenes after rehearsing them. On the day they shot the scene where the natives welcome the Bounty to their island, he repeatedly ignored calls to the set while he was talking to some local women. When he finally showed up, Trevor Howard, who had been sweltering in the hot sun waiting, lost his temper and walked off the set, making Brando wait for him.
The film cost an estimated $19 million in 1962 (approximately $144 million in 2012 dollars), which was a huge expenditure at the time. Lawrence of Arabia (1962), which had an even longer shoot - 17 months, compared to eight for "Bounty" - was brought in for approximately $5 million less. Though this film broke even, it was considered a flop, as MGM earned back only a little over half the budget in rentals (the amount remitted to the studio from theaters). By contrast, "Lawrence" grossed twice as much as Bounty and generated more than twice the amount of rentals for its studio. Though some claim the second "Bounty" film eventually went into profit with its sale to TV, films were generally sold in packages, so it is unlikely that the film ever stopped the flow of red ink on MGM's books. The flop of this picture signaled the end of Marlon Brando's grasp on super-stardom for roughly a decade, until his Oscar-winning role in The Godfather (1972).
According to Bob Thomas's 1973 biography "Marlon: Portait of the Artist as a Rebel", after the firing of Carol Reed, Marlon Brando began to usurp the power of replacement director Lewis Milestone - a well-respected veteran with two directing Oscars to his credit. Milestone noticed that the cameramen would continue rolling in scenes featuring Brando after he had said cut, and would only desist after being signaled by Brando. Milestone considered quitting, but was dissuaded from doing so as it would generate more bad publicity for the film and M.G.M. He stayed on, but loafed around the set, leaving Brando to his own devices. One afternoon, a legendary occurrence transpired: The operating cameraman himself called cut, explaining that the sleeping director's feet were in the frame. When asked about the incident in 1979, Brando dismissed any criticism, saying that actors essentially directed themselves anyways. Hollywood insiders were outraged by Brando's treatment of Milestone, and the backlash from his behavior on this picture (he was blamed fairly or unfairly for the massive cost-overruns that doomed the picture financially) began the steady waning that led to the eclipse of Brando's star by the end of the 1960s.
The Bounty's original reason for going to Tahiti was to transport breadfruit seedlings to Jamaica where they would be cultivated to provide inexpensive food for the slaves working on English plantations.
During one scene, after a dozen or so takes, 'Marlon Brando gave up and simply walked off set muttering, "I don't know if it's going to work or not". Richard Harris was left agog. When it was clear that Brando wasn't coming back, he yelled after him, "Damn you! Look at me! Act! Who the hell do you think you are?"
At one point in the film, Fletcher Christian tells Midshipman Young to get the ship's carpenter to build him a cross so Young can carry it about the ship in sarcasm to Young's disgust at low morale amongst the crew. The ship's carpenter of the Bounty, although never seen in the film, was William Purcell who stayed loyal to Bligh and lived to an old age, dying in March 1834.
At the 'climax' of Maimiti's dance for Mr. Christian there are two jump cuts, revealing that about a second of the dance is repeated twice, adding to the superhuman appearance of her efforts. Reviewers have not disparaged this special effect.
One morning, Trevor Howard was nowhere to be found until the local police drove him to the dock two hours after his call. He had been up drinking and carousing all night, but still performed his scene flawlessly.
Marlon Brando slowed down production, questioning each line in the script and each of Lewis Milestone's suggestions. He also demanded repeated re-writes to meet his ever-changing vision of the film. Most days started with Brando and Charles Lederer going over the day's scenes in private until well past noon, when the actor would finally emerge ready to shoot. Although Brando often derided the director as mechanical and unfeeling and even suggested he was going senile, whenever Milestone threatened to quit, it was Brando who begged him to return.
Not only did Marlon Brando improvise his lines in scenes with Trevor Howard, making it impossible for his co-star to pick up his cues, but he even started putting cotton in his ears so he couldn't hear Howard's lines.
During the final weeks of location filming, Marlon Brando decided to move into an abandoned villa 30 miles further from the shoot than his previous home. MGM spent several thousand dollars remodeling the place so he could live in it for two weeks.
When Richard Harris arrived in Tahiti, bottle of bourbon in hand, the clerk at the check-in desk said, "Good morning, Mister Harris". A bemused Harris asked, "How do you know my name?" The clerk replied, "I recognised you from your hand luggage".
Producer Aaron Rosenberg had originally planned to shoot the film in sequence, starting with shipboard scenes under the gray skies of October, then bursting into colour with scenes shot in Tahiti. With the reconstructed Bounty arriving late to the location, director Carol Reed had to start shooting the island sequences first, or any footage that did not require the ship in the background. Even then, Reed ran out of completed script pages before the Bounty arrived.
As shooting dragged on, the rainy season hit, further disrupting production. Days were lost as torrents of rain - at times as much as 17 inches in one day - fell on the sets. After 17 days of being unable to film due to weather, the company returned to the MGM lot in Culver City to shoot interiors.
Carol Reed clashed with Marlon Brando and MGM studio management early in the production. He and Brando disagreed about the interpretation of Captain Bligh, whom Brando wanted presented as an unambiguous and obvious villain, and Christian, whom Brando wanted to play as a fop. Reed also had problems with the screenplay, but when he tried to omit certain scenes from the shooting schedule, executives ordered him to shoot directly from the script. He tried to convince production head Sol Siegel to fire Brando on the grounds that he was holding up production. When that didn't work, he asked to be relieved, but production head Sol Siegel refused to allow it. Then Siegel decided to fire him. Had Reed been allowed to quit, he would have been paid nothing for his time, but since MGM fired him, he pocketed $200,000 for his time on the film.
Before the film was released, the Saturday Evening Post published a scathing article about the production titled "The Mutiny of Marlon Brando." Drawing largely on an interview with Lewis Milestone, they recounted everything Brando had done to delay the production, with little mention of problems with the Bounty set or the weather on location. Brando got the new head of MGM, Joseph R. Vogel, to issue a statement exonerating him from any role in the film's escalating budget or production delays (that statement would later be used against Vogel when he was fired) and sued the magazine for $5 million. He would drop the case before it came to trial.
Richard Harris was originally offered a different role, which he rejected, because it was too small. When he was offered the role of John Mills, he demanded star billing with Marlon Brando. That was declined, but he did get more money.
Lewis Milestone never directed another film (though he did direct two TV series episodes before his death in 1980). His final take for the film was $250,000. In later interviews he would estimate that Marlon Brando's behaviour had cost the production $6 million.
To promote the film, MGM sent the Bounty on a round-the-world cruise to visit the various cities where the film was to open. When it reached London, Trevor Howard joined a crowd of admiring on-lookers to watch it sail up the Thames, where the Tower Bridge was raised to let it pass. When a publicity man asked Howard, "She is beautiful, isn't she?" He replied, "Of course. She's mine."
Marlon Brando claimed that the real problem with the film was MGM's failure to deliver a complete script in the year and a half he worked on the film, despite numerous promises to do so, even when he threatened to stop reporting to work. He also claimed the studio inflated the film's budget, adding $6 million in overhead charges, including the cost for rights to the original novels.
On one occasion, Marlon Brando moved the marks where Richard Harris was supposed to stand during a tense scene on the deck of The Bounty. Over the next three takes, he'd change his mind and move Harris somewhere else. Harris, knowing that Brando was looking for a confrontation, meekly went where he was told. He told his fellow actors, "Forget your grand ideas, lads. We're just cabbages in that man's cabbage patch".
Marlon Brando refused the film twice - and both roles, Bligh and Christian - before signing on for $500,000 against 10% of the gross - plus $5,000 a day if shooting went over-schedule. It did nothing else and his overtime, alone, hit $1m. After shooting for two months, Brando decided he'd rather play the botanist (Richard Hayden).
In 1958, MGM announced that John Sturges would be directing Spencer Tracy as Captain Bligh, Burt Lancaster as Fletcher Christian and Montgomery Clift. When Marlon Brando was signed later that year, Sturges was out.
When the sailor who was being "Keel hauled" for attacking Captain Bligh disappears under the Bounty because he was attacked by sharks the ominous music notes played as the shark swims by sound the same as signature theme from Jaws (1975).
Filming on The Bounty was hellish, as strong offshore winds constantly battered the ship, inducing mass seasickness. Trevor Howard said that every evening, after returning to his hotel, he continued to feel the ground shaking beneath his feet. "And that was before I'd had a fucking drink".
The trivia items below may give away important plot points.
Marlon Brando's death scene was filmed with Richard Harris talking to a log, because he refused to act any more with the star. When Brando wanted to film his close ups, Harris threw the log down and said, "Let him talk to this."
The MGM built vessel was to be burned at the conclusion of the movie, as the historical ship had been: Marlon Brando said if they burned the ship he would not finish the film. A 40-foot model Bounty was constructed and burned instead.