How the West Was Won (1962) Poster


Although James Stewart's character was only supposed to be 28 in the movie, Stewart was actually 53 at the time of filming.
Gary Cooper had been offered the role of Linus Rawlings, but died before filming began. James Stewart then accepted the part despite feeling miscast.
Features more than 12,000 extras, including several Indian tribes.
Cinerama was so expansive that it couldn't really be configured for close-ups. The nearest it could manage was to place a key actor in the central frame and try to get in as close as possible. This proved to be very intimidating for a lot of actors as the camera (an enormous piece of apparatus under a black hood with three lenses) would be literally in their face--18 inches away, to be precise.
Due to the detail that would have been shown via the Cinerama process, the costumes had to be sewn by hand, rather than with a sewing machine, as they would have been during the time periods depicted in the movie.
Spencer Tracy was only able to narrate the film rather than play a part due to his health problems.
During the Indian attack that was filmed in Lone Pine, California, a Conestoga wagon tumbles down a hill. In order to create the illusion of the audience being inside of a tumbling wagon, a track was built down the slope of a small hill and the top portion of a Conestoga wagon, without the wheels, was affixed onto a flatbed along with a mechanism that would turn the wagon over and over as the flatbed was guided down the hill. The Cinerama camera, in turn, was attached to one end of the flatbed so that it could shoot directly through the turning wagon as the stuntmen, including Loren Janes, were tumbled around the insides of the wagon along with boxes, barrels, blankets and other cargo. It took more than two days to prepare the scene and several takes to complete. In the final cut, this scene lasts no more than five seconds on the screen.
John Wayne had intended to play a character in the part directed by Henry Hathaway, but John Ford insisted he appear in the Civil War sequence.
An intermission was required to allow the projectionists enough time to re-thread the three projectors and synchronize the sound.
John Ford's habit was to always sit beside the camera while it was filming, so he could watch the action intently. Unfortunately, because of the triple lens on the Cinerama camera, he kept appearing in shots until director of photography Joseph LaShelle hit on the idea of building a rig that allowed Ford to sit above the camera.
Carroll Baker plays George Peppard's mother in the film, but the actor was three years older than Baker in real life.
James Stewart offered to play his own dead body in the Civil War story but was refused by John Ford, who instead used a double who bore no resemblance to Stewart. When George Peppard imitates Stewart's voice during the grizzly bear reminiscence story he was reprimanded by Ford but yelled back that he wanted the audience to remember that Stewart played his father.
The film stock was so expensive that all the actors were asked to know their lines and their marks as thoroughly as possible to cut down on the number of takes.
Because the two dividing lines that separate the three separate projections could not be totally edited into a seamless match, the directors skillfully used camouflage techniques to disguise the lines. Some of the objects used for this were trees, lamp posts, window edges, porch rails, building corners, doorways and wooden crates which were positioned at these points.
Stuntman Bob Morgan was seriously injured, and almost died, while performing a stunt in this picture. Toward the end of the film, there is a gunfight on a moving train between the sheriff and a gang of train robbers. Morgan was one of the stuntmen playing a robber and was crouched next to a pile of logs on a flatcar. The chains holding the logs together snapped, and Morgan was crushed by the falling logs. He was so badly hurt it took him five years to recover to the point where he was able to move by himself and walk unaided.
Since the three lenses of the Cinerama camera sat at angles to each other on the camera itself, it was very problematic for actors to film a scene as they would in front of a single-lensed camera. When their images were projected onto the three panels of the Cinerama screen, it would appear as though the actors were looking either slightly up-screen or slightly down-screen, and not directly at their fellow actors. This is very evident in a few scenes in the previous Cinerama film, The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962). However, by the time this film went into production, this problem was solved somewhat. In order to compensate for the lens angles, actors would have to look one-third of the way in and toward the camera, and pretend that they were looking at their fellow actors. Hence, when their images were projected onto the Cinerama screen, it would appear as though they were looking at each other. It was a very difficult process for actors, which is one of the reasons that three-panel Cinerama was abandoned for narrative films after this film was released.
Debbie Reynolds and George Peppard are the only cast members who appear in three of the five sequences in the film. According to Ms. Reynolds, in an interview for the documentary Cinerama Adventure (2002), her character of Lilith was originally supposed to have drowned in the river. However, it was decided that Lilith would best tie the generations of Prescotts together, so, she remained in the story to become an elderly lady in the film's conclusion.
Among the stars who were approached to take part in the film but did not were Marlon Brando, James Cagney, Bing Crosby, Doris Day, Kirk Douglas, Cary Grant, Audrey Hepburn, Burt Lancaster, Shirley MacLaine, Lee Marvin, Kim Novak and Frank Sinatra'.
The second non-documentary Cinerama film, it was also one of the last to use the old three-camera technique, resulting in two very visible, somewhat distracting, dividing lines in the non-Cinerama print and all television and home video versions.
Raymond Massey made a career out of portraying Abraham Lincoln, having played him on stage, on television (Ford Star Jubilee: The Day Lincoln Was Shot (1956)), and on film (Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940)). This film marks the final time he played the President.
The top grossing film of 1962.
Some stock footage from other (non-Cinerama) epics were used. The Mexican army marching past the Alamo came from The Alamo (1960) and a Civil War battle was taken from Raintree County (1957). The final scenes of the modern U.S. were from This Is Cinerama (1952).
The train station in the film at "Gold City" was shot at Perkinsville, Arizona, and is still standing, although in a state of disrepair. It is now the mid stopping point of the Verde Canyon Scenic Railroad. The train station, the town sign and several other smaller buildings still exist.
A comic book version of this film was published in conjunction with the film's release, as was the practice back then with all family and children's films. In the comic book, when Sheriff Ramsay (Lee J. Cobb) tries to prevent Zeb Rawlings (George Peppard) from going after the outlaw Gant (Eli Wallach), Rawlings whacks Ramsay over the head with his rifle and knocks him unconscious, which explains the bandage on Ramsay's forehead in the next scene. No such explanation is offered in the film; it is as if somebody had edited something out.
All four cinematographers were Oscar-winners.
A lot of the actors were very intimidated by the three-lens Cinerama camera and felt they had to elevate their performance to something approaching the way one performs on the theatrical stage as opposed to the more subtle style of acting normally required in front of a camera. This is why a lot of the actors in the film come across as being quite over-the-top.
Debbie Reynolds and Carroll Baker became very good friends while making the film.
Hope Lange was cast as a love interest for George Peppard's character, but her scenes were cut from the final print of the film. She portrayed young Julie Stuart, the daughter of Henry Fonda's character, Jethro Stuart. After Lange's scenes were deleted from the film, Julie was later portrayed by Carolyn Jones.
Of the five segments, Henry Hathaway directed "The Rivers", "The Plains" and "The Outlaws", John Ford directed "The Civil War" and George Marshall did "The Railroad". Some uncredited work was done by Richard Thorpe.
The sequence where the Indians attack the wagon train took 6 weeks to film.
One of the few American films to have its world premiere in London, England.
As part of its collaboration with MGM, Cinerama agreed to modify its system by reducing the frame rate to 24 per second (the industry standard) so that this film would have an exhibition life after its Cinerama engagements.
John Ford complained that the sheer breadth of the Cinerama cameras meant that he had to dress his sets to a much wider degree than usual.
No ordinary "single-camera" version was filmed simultaneously with the Cinerama version, resulting in two noticeable dividing lines on the non-Cinerama theater prints, video, television, and DVD versions (indicating the three synchronized film strips originally used). The same problem occurred with the other Cinerama film in release at the time, The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962), which had not been shot in a "single-camera" version either. Both were MGM films.
Frustrated by the technical limitations and difficulties of shooting with the three-strip Cinerama process, director Henry Hathaway was famously quoted as saying: " That goddamned Cinerama! Do you know, a waist shot is as close as you could get with that thing?"
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It was Eli Wallach's role in this film, (not The Magnificent Seven (1960)) that led to Sergio Leone casting him in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). Lee Van Cleef is also in the film.
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The film was inspired by a factual series of the same name on the settling of the West that had appeared in "Life" magazine and that had been followed by a identically titled two-album set of western songs sung mostly by Bing Crosby and Rosemary Clooney. Many of the songs on the album were also used in the film soundtrack, like "Bound for the Promised Land" and "What Was Your Name in the States?"
Spencer Tracy provides the narration. Bing Crosby was originally slated to provide this.
Henry Hathaway was famous for his salty language. Debbie Reynolds instigated a swear jar on the set in an effort to curb him of his excesses--every time he swore, she would have to put some coins into the jar. Reynolds ended up losing quite a bit of money.
This features three of Hollywood's greatest western stars; John Wayne, James Stewart and Henry Fonda appearing together for the first and only time. Peter Bogdanovich was desperate for them to appear in his proposed version of Larry Mcmurtry's "The Streets of Laredo" in 1973. It fell apart when Wayne turned it down. Bogdanovich said Wayne claimed it was "too depressing, and then he decides to make The Shootist (1976) about an ageing gunfighter dying of cancer!".
The riverboat is the same one used in Raintree County (1957).
This was the second highest-grossing film of 1963, behind Cleopatra (1963).
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The river-rafting sequence was filmed over a period of seven days.
John Wayne shot the key cameo role of Gen. William T. Sherman in five days.
During filming in June 1961 Karl Malden had to be rushed to hospital to have an emergency appendectomy.
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One of only two movies (the other being The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962)) filmed in the true three-screen Cinerama process, and both were also the only Cinerama features that were shown in regular theaters after their first runs. Other Cinerama films, such as This Is Cinerama (1952) and Cinerama Holiday (1955), were more documentary-style in nature; "West" and "Brothers Grimm" told fictional stories. As well, none of the other Cinerama films were ever shown in regular theaters as these travelogues and documentaries were produced only to show off the process, as opposed to telling a story. It would have been pointless to show these in a "regular" format. Other feature films such as It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World (1963) were touted as Cinerama, but were actually filmed in a one-camera widescreen process, such as Ultra Panavision 70, and projected on a curved Cinerama screen.
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During his narration at the beginning of the film, Spencer Tracy refers to Native Americans as "primitive man". This statement is still on the DVD version, although it could be considered racist today.
This would later inspire an ABC-TV series of the same name (How the West Was Won (1976)) that ran for a total of 11 episodes in 1977.
The opening pan across the Rockies is actually an outtake from This Is Cinerama (1952). The same holds true for the closing aerial sweep.
John Wayne's wig was longer at the sides to suggest that his character did not have time to get a haircut.
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Henry Fonda's part was originally much bigger. It was gradually scaled down.
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Russ Tamblyn and Bryan Russell also appear on the other 1962 Cinerama film The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962).
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Final film of Joe Sawyer.
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Frank Sinatra was originally intended for the Gregory Peck role.
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By August 12th 1963, this had grossed an amazing $17,000,000.
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The film takes place from 1839 to 1889.
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John Wayne previously played General Sherman in Wagon Train: The Colter Craven Story (1960).
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Richard Widmark and Henry Fonda appeared in four movies together, the others being " Warlock ", " Madigan " and " The Swarm ". They were both married to the same woman, the socialite Susan Blanchard.
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