IMDb > Viridiana (1961)
Viridiana
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Viridiana (1961) More at IMDbPro »

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Overview

User Rating:
8.2/10   12,521 votes »
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Up 10% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
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View company contact information for Viridiana on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
19 March 1962 (USA) See more »
Genre:
Plot:
Viridiana, a young nun about to take her final vows, pays a visit to her widowed uncle at the request of her Mother Superior. Full summary » | Full synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
Awards:
1 win See more »
NewsDesk:
(20 articles)
The Definitive Religious Films: 10-1
 (From SoundOnSight. 20 April 2014, 9:28 PM, PDT)

Blu-ray, DVD Release: L’eclisse
 (From Disc Dish. 28 March 2014, 2:03 PM, PDT)

'La Dolce Vita' (1960) - Best Movies #1
 (From Rope Of Silicon. 22 January 2014, 9:19 AM, PST)

User Reviews:
Buñuel's case study on bourgeoisie plight and its underlining cause - having been conditioned to live under the influence of false and misconstrued religious beliefs See more (48 total) »

Cast

  (in credits order) (verified as complete)

Silvia Pinal ... Viridiana
Francisco Rabal ... Jorge

Fernando Rey ... Don Jaime
José Calvo ... Don Amalio (as Jose Calvo)
Margarita Lozano ... Ramona
José Manuel Martín ... El Cojo (as Jose Manuel Martin)
Victoria Zinny ... Lucia
Luis Heredia ... Manuel 'El Poca'
Joaquín Roa ... Señor Zequiel (as Joaquin Roa)
Lola Gaos ... Enedina
María Isbert ... Beggar (as Maruja Isbert)
Teresa Rabal ... Rita (as Teresita Rabal)
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Alicia Jorge Barriga ... Beggar (uncredited)
Claudio Brook ... (uncredited)
Juan García Tiendra ... José 'El Leproso' (uncredited)
Palmira Guerra ... Beggar (uncredited)
José María Lado ... Mayor (uncredited)
Joaquin Mayol ... Beggar (uncredited)
Sergio Mendizábal ... El Pelón (uncredited)
Narciso Ojeda ... (uncredited)
Francisco René ... Moncho (uncredited)
Milagros Tomás ... Beggar (uncredited)
Rosita Yarza ... Mother Superior (uncredited)
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Directed by
Luis Buñuel 
 
Writing credits
(in alphabetical order)
Julio Alejandro 
Luis Buñuel 
Benito Pérez Galdós  novel "Halma" (uncredited)

Produced by
Gustavo Alatriste .... producer
Ricardo Muñoz Suay .... executive producer
Pere Portabella .... executive producer (as Pedro Portabella)
 
Original Music by
Gustavo Pittaluga 
 
Cinematography by
José F. Aguayo  (as Jose F. Aguayo)
 
Film Editing by
Pedro del Rey 
 
Set Decoration by
Francisco Canet 
 
Production Management
Gustavo Quintana .... unit manager
 
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Juan Luis Buñuel .... assistant director (as J.L. Buñuel)
José Puyol .... assistant director (as J. Puyol)
 
Sound Department
Aurelio García Tijeras .... sound engineer (as A. Garcia Tijeras)
 
Music Department
Gustavo Pittaluga .... music selection (as Gustavo Pitaluga)
 
Crew believed to be complete


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Additional Details

Also Known As:
Runtime:
90 min
Country:
Language:
Aspect Ratio:
1.66 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
Mono (Klangfilm-Magnetocord)

Did You Know?

Trivia:
After years of living in Mexico, Luis Buñuel was persuaded to make his first film in his native Spain since 1936 by the vanguard of young contemporary Spanish film-makers who admired his work.See more »
Movie Connections:
Referenced in A Decade Under the Influence (2003)See more »
Soundtrack:
Et Incarnatus EstSee more »

FAQ

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25 out of 30 people found the following review useful.
Buñuel's case study on bourgeoisie plight and its underlining cause - having been conditioned to live under the influence of false and misconstrued religious beliefs, 27 May 2011
Author: Murtaza Ali from India

Regardless of the inhibitions that it may engender, it's always a matter of great cachet and honor to review the work of a virtuoso like Luis Buñuel. Calling Buñuel merely a movie-maker would not only be an understatement but also an invidious remark. Buñuel was a pioneer in every sense of the word and his works avant garde and highly influential. He is regarded as the father of surrealism in cinema and his predilection for the morbid and the obscure had earned him the tag of a 'fetishist'. Buñuel's directorial debut, Un Chien Andalou, a prototypical work on Surrealism, is a living example of Buñuel's vision and imaginative genius as a movie-maker and more importantly as a student of cinema.

Buñuel was averse to explaining or promoting his work and ironically his surrealist works are so personal, distinctive and elaborative in style and manner that no one but Buñuel was worthy of judging or explaining them. Fortunately for me the first Buñuel movie that I have ventured to review does not deal with surrealism. Viridinia is a story of a young nun whose inexorable resolve for redemption ironically takes her to the brink of moral corruption. Viridinia revolves around bourgeois (middle class) modus vivendi and deals with controversial themes of gluttony, blasphemy and adultery which have been an integral part of Buñuelesque oeuvre. Buñuel was a staunch maverick and fittingly his iconoclastic works relentlessly flouted the bourgeois morals and the very root cause of bourgeoisie plight - the conservatism and hypocrisy camouflaged in the preaching of Catholicism and Christianity. Viridiana not only stands equal to the task of mocking organized religion and hypocrisies associated with it but just like other Buñuel works also manages to bring in a humanistic element with a somber yet sensual touch. The questions that Buñuel manages to pose through Viridiana are so straight and naked that even a saint of divine proportions, or a champion of human rights will not only look askance in want of candor but will also be forced to squeal in ghastly terror while trying to answer them. Such was the impact of Viridiana on the The Roman Catholic Church that the Vatican's official newspaper published an article calling Viridiana an insult to Catholicism and Christianity. The movie was banned in Spain and all its prints were destroyed as per the orders of the Spanish autocrat, Francisco Franco. These exaggerated responses were clearly not responsive of the subject material that Viridiana showcased but were the mere consequences of the questions it posed and the answers that it demanded.

Viridiana is a young nun on the verge of taking her final vows. She is asked by her Mother Superior to pay a visit to her estranged uncle, Don Jaime, who has repeatedly expressed his keenness to meet Viridiana. She remembers that her uncle was never there for her whenever she had needed his support. Despite the absence of an emotional urge, she decides to pay him a visit simply out of courtesy. Don Jamie is a recluse rotting in the abject solitude of widowhood, which is making him more vulnerable and desperate with each passing day. Upon meeting his nubile niece, he notices a striking resemblance to his deceased wife. This ray of hope reinvigorates a new sense of purpose in his life as he decides to put forth a marriage proposal in front of Viridiana. He implores her to wear his wife's wedding dress which she reluctantly obliges. When his maid, Ramona informs Viridiana of his intent to marry her, she is appalled, and Don Jaime appears to have dropped the idea. However, Ramona secretly drugs Viridiana drink and Don Jamie carries the unconscious Viridiana to her room with the intention of raping her, but falls short of doing the ignominious. The next morning, he bluffs that he has made her his, and hence she is no longer pure enough to return to the convent. Seeing her undeterred, he concedes the truth, but fails in convincing her fully. Viridiana immediately leaves for the convent but at the bus stop the authorities reveal her that Don Jamie has committed suicide and has left his entire property to her and his illegitimate son, Jorge. Deeply disturbed, Viridiana decides not to return to the convent. Instead, as an act of penance, she brings home an assemblage of beggars and devotes herself to the moral education and feeding of this underprivileged lot. The things become a bit more complicated on the arrival of Jorge who shows a strong inclination for Viridiana. What ensues is a series of amazingly bizarre yet poetic sequences which can best be cherished through viewing rather than description. The penultimate scene depicts the beggars posing for a photo sans camera around the table in which they seem to collectively resemble the figures in Da Vinci's Last Supper; a chair substitutes for the door which now cuts into the fresco, and removes Christ's feet. This scene, in particular, earned the film the Vatican's opprobrium. The controversial finale adds a completely different dimension to Viridiana elevating it to new levels of cognitive interpretation.

In a nutshell, Viridiana is a truly fascinating cinematic experience catapulted to new heights of magnificence by Buñuel's mastery and his unflinching ability to depict the sad and abysmal reality of living under the influence of false and misconstrued religious tenets. Viridiana along with The Diary of a Chamber Maid (1964) are great means of acquainting oneself with Buñuel's oeuvre and can serve as an excellent mock exercise to prepare oneself before exploring Buñuel's exceedingly challenging surrealistic works. 10/10

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