Andy Griffith and Frances Bavier did not get along during the series. According to Griffith and Howard Morris, Bavier was very extremely sensitive and resented her role of Aunt Bee. In 1972, Griffith and Ron Howard paid her a visit at her home in Siler City, North Carolina but she turned them away. When Bavier was terminally ill in 1989, she contacted Griffith to say that she regretted that they did not get along better.
Throughout the series, there was a character named "Mister Schwamp" who would occasionally appear in episodes. He was a middle-aged man with a slumped demeanor and he had dark hair (which looked like a comb-over or a toupee). He could usually be found sitting on a park bench or in crowd scenes. He never had any lines. One of the characters (usually Andy or Barney) would acknowledge him with "Hello, Mister Schwamp." and he would smile and nod and that's all he would do. He also appeared in two episodes of the spin-off Gomer Pyle: USMC (1964). For many years the actor who played him could not be identified. However, an obscure character reference in the credits of "The Danny Thomas Show" (1956) finally led to the actor's identification. The character of Mister Schwamp was played by Patch S. Wimmers.
Andy Griffith originally told Don Knotts that he only wanted to do the show for five years. So they both signed five-year contracts. During the fifth season, Knotts began looking for other work. He then signed a five-year deal with Universal Pictures. Suddenly, Griffith decided to continue on with the series for three more years and offered Knotts a new contract. But Knotts was already bound by his contract with Universal and left the show.
When the series began, Andy and Barney were cousins in the first few episodes. This was a joke based on the stereotype that the only reason people in small towns get jobs in the local government is because they are related to someone and not based on the merits of their abilities. However, after a few well placed references of Andy and Barney's relation (usually to cap off a joke) in the first season, this idea was dropped and the back story of their relationship became simply that they were friends since childhood.
During the opening credits as Andy and Opie walk down the path, Opie picks up a rock and throws it off camera right as Andy nods in a very distinct manner, before they start walking again. Years later, Andy Griffith watched this and realized he was unintentionally imitating a certain nod that his father would give him to show approval.
Andy and Barney's squad car was a Ford Galaxie. The cars were supplied free of charge by a nearby Ford dealer, and whenever the newest model came out, it was sent to the studio and the old one was returned to the dealer who re-painted it and sold it. Altogether, there were about 10 different Ford Galaxies used throughout the run of the series.
The last 16 episodes of season three have become part of the public domain due to a clerical error back in the 1960's and are thus widely available in different formats and different conditions. The theme song however is still copyrighted material and can only be used with permission. Therefore, most public domain copies have different music during the opening and closing credits. These are the 16 public domain episodes, in order starting with 3.17: "High Noon in Mayberry", "The Loaded Goat", "Class Reunion", "Rafe Hollister Sings", "Opie and the Spoiled Kid", "The Great Filling Station Robbery", "Andy Discovers America", "Aunt Bee's Medicine Man", "The Darlings Are Coming", "Andy's English Valet", "Barney's First Car", "The Rivals", "A Wife for Andy", "Dogs, Dogs, Dogs", "Mountain Wedding", & "The Big House". Coincidentally, this is a pivotal batch of episodes in the show's history; it includes the debut of three characters, Helen Crump, Malcolm Merriwether and Ernest T. Bass, plus one family, the Darlings, as well as Crump's second appearance, the first in which she and Andy are set up as a couple.
Elinor Donahue decided not to return after the first season because she felt she had no on-screen chemistry with Andy Griffith. Griffith later admitted that it was his own fault because had a hard time showing affection on-screen, and as a result, the relationship didn't appear real or believable.
In two episodes of the second season, Andy Griffith's hand is heavily bandaged. Griffith had broken his hand by punching a wall. On the show, the bandage was explained by Sheriff Taylor saying he hurt his hand apprehending some criminals.
The character of Helen Crump was supposed to be a one-shot. That is why they gave the character an unpleasant sounding name. But the producers were so impressed with Aneta Corsaut's performance and her rapport with Andy Griffith that they made her a regular cast member.
The theme song for the series was titled "The Fishin' Hole". Lyrics for the song were written by Everett Sloane but the producers decided that whistling the tune set the tone for the show, so the words were dropped. You can listen to Andy Griffith singing "The Fishin' Hole" on YouTube. The song can also be purchased from iTunes.
According to Andy Griffith, the show's original premise was to follow the story line set up in his appearance on Make Room for Daddy (1953). The premise was that Mayberry was so small that Andy Taylor was not only the sheriff, but the Justice of the Peace, the editor of the local newspaper, and the mayor. However when it came time to write the series, Andy decided that was too ridiculous so he asked that Andy Taylor's duties be confined to being the sheriff and the justice of the peace. However the "Justice of the Peace" task was used sparingly and usually only with out-of-town troublemakers.
When Don Knotts left the show, Jerry Van Dyke was considered for the part of a deputy who would have replaced Barney Fife, and even appears in a deputy's uniform in a fifth-season episode. However, Van Dyke chose instead to star in NBC's My Mother the Car (1965), and later said if he had to do it over again, he would have taken the deputy part instead.
It's a long held belief that the fictional town of Mayberry is based on Andy Griffith's real birthplace and hometown of Mount Airy, North Carolina. However, Andy Griffith disputes this idea. Yet, in the opening scene of A Black Day for Mayberry, Barney picks up the phone book from the Sheriff's desk and begins to nervously flip through it. In several screen shots of Barney holding the phone book, you can plainly read "Mount Airy" on the front cover. It appears to be a genuine Mount Airy Telephone Directory posing as directory of the town of Mayberry.
The character of Warren Ferguson (played by Jack Burns) was brought in to replace Barney Fife after Don Knotts left the show. Warren was referred to on occasion as Floyd the barber's nephew. Replacing the classic character of Barney Fife proved to be an impossible task, however. "Warren Ferguson" did not catch on with the viewers, and he was written out of the series after only appearing in 11 episodes. There was no explanation in any episode story line for Warren's departure; he simply stopped appearing.
Howard McNear (Floyd the Barber) suffered a severe stroke and had trouble standing up, which is why during his last season on the show he was always shown either sitting in the barber's chair inside his shop or on one of the chairs outside on the sidewalk.
Songwriter Earle Hagen provided the whistling to the theme song in the show's opening-credits, which is titled "The Fishing Hole". Andy Griffith recorded a lyric version of the song, but it was never aired.
Andy Griffith had been a successful stand-up comedian as well as an actor before beginning the show and he had fully expected to be the main funny character on it, and in the first few episodes even performed some of his stand-up routines, like his countrified versions of classic fairy tales. However, when Don Knotts became such a popular favorite as Deputy Barney Fife, Griffith decided for the good of the show to let Knotts be the main comic figure and let Sheriff Taylor react to him as his "straight man."
The show was shot on the same set as Atlanta from Gone with the Wind (1939), if you were to walk out of the courthouse and look to the right at the end of the street, you can see the old Atlanta train station in many episodes.
During most of the first season, there is beauty shop next door to Floyd's Barbershop with a door located in the common wall between them. The door is just to the left of the waiting chairs in the barbershop and had the words Beauty Shop printed on the glass. By the end of Season 1, there are no longer any words on the door. In Season 2 the beauty shop was replaced with a TV repair shop and the last time we see the door is the 10th episode of Season 2, The Clubmen. Six weeks later in episode 16, The Manicurist, starring Barbara Eden, the door is gone. No one ever used this door or ever commented on it in any episodes.
The character played by Hope Summers was originally named "Bertha Edwards" in the first season. In the second season, the character came to be known as "Clara" and she referred to her late husband as "Mr. Johnson". Later, she came to be known as "Clara Edwards".
In the first season, Barney Fife courted several women including Thelma Lou. In "Andy the Matchmaker", Barney courted a woman named Miss. Rosemary, in "Ellie for Council", Barney is seen dating Hilda May, who is again mentioned in "Christmas Story". Juanita, the never-seen waitress at the local diner was also serenaded by Barn in a few episodes in later seasons. Thelma Lou is only seen in two episodes of the first season, but appears later as Barney's main squeeze.
Aunt Bee was originally from Morgantown, West Virginia. This is believed to be from the town where Don Knotts was born and raised. Don Knotts even graduated from Morgantown's, West Virginia University. Tributes to Knotts include a statue and a street named in his honor.
Sheriff Taylor did not routinely appear wearing a necktie or a sidearm. In several episodes, he wears a necktie or a sidearm in special circumstances, such as when a VIP visited Mayberry or if he had to track an escaped convict reported to be in the vicinity. He rarely was shown smoking, but did so in several episodes.
In early episodes, to the right of the cells above the glass-covered shelves is a small picture of President Woodrow Wilson and the presidents before him. Later, during most seasons, a different poster is there, also of the presidents, this time up to Dwight D. Eisenhower, and was published by Woman's Day Magazine in 1956.
The chart over the bookcase in the sheriff's office depicts the Presidents of the United States and information about them and was also a popular chart displayed in elementary school classrooms in the early 1960s.
The show debuted in October 1960, but the characters of Andy and Opie originally debuted on an episode of Danny Thomas' show Make Room for Daddy (1953) in February 1960 (Thomas' production company produced both shows). Frances Bavier, who later played Aunt Bee, was introduced as Harriet Perkins.
Josie Lloyd, the actress who Mayor Pike's daughter Juanita in "Mayberry Goes Hollywood", is seen again in "The Beauty Contest" and plays the mayor's daughter, Josephine. Her Juanita character is not "the" Juanita the waitress that Barney pines for; her name was Juanita Beasley. Lloyd also had a recurring role in the third and fifth seasons as Lydia Crosswaithe.
Barney Fife was Andy Taylor's cousin. There were three episodes that mentioned Andy and Barney being cousins: "The New Housekeeper", "The Manhunt" and "Runaway Kid". Also, in "Andy and the New Mayor", Barney mentions, growing up and attending school with Andy (they got first and second place in a penmanship contest) as well as being Andy's best man at his first wedding and being the Opie's godfather.
Both of Gavin Macleod's guest appearances on the series are tied to the storyline of Andy getting mentioned in a magazine article called "Sheriff Without A Gun". In the Season 5 episode "TV Or Not TV", he played a bank robber posing as a TV Producer using the article as a cover to rob the Mayberry Bank. In the Season 6 episode "The Taylors In Hollywood", he played an actor who is to portray Andy in a movie version of the article.
During the earlier seasons of the show, the opening credits of cast member names were verbally spoken by an announcer. In later seasons, the audio credits ceased and cast member names were visually displayed on the screen.
While most residential scenes were filmed out at the eastern end of the 40 Acres lot in Culver City, where Andy's house sat next to the "Aunt Pittypat House" from "Gone with the Wind" fame, there was a mystery location that no one in the TAGS fan base could identify. Used extensively for Thelma Lou's residence, as well as various other incidental homes for minor characters, it was in fact a group of three small bungalow houses across Lillian Way from the Desilu Studios in Hollywood.
The opening credits were expanded slightly during the original network run. After Opie throws the rock into the lake the camera shot would change to a close-up of the water rippling, the logo of the sponsor's product appearing in the middle.
We are never really 100% certain of what Andy's street address is in the show, given the fact that the Taylor's never move to another house. In one episode, Aunt Bee tells someone that their address is 332 Maple Road and in another episode Barney tells a investigator that Andy's address is 24 Elm Street.
Allan Melvin made 8 guest appearances throughout the run of the series, usually playing a criminal or some type of bully. There are only two occasions in which he played any type of good guy: In "Andy and Barney in the Big City", he played a "house detective" working at the hotel Andy and Barney stayed in. And in "Ernest T. Bass joins the Army", he played the Army Recruiting Sergeant.
The entire series was shot on location, not on a sound stage like most comedies. All laughing you hear are laugh tracks added in post production. Andy Griffith stated he wanted it done this was to keep the actors focused on acting and not to be distracted, as well as to give "Mayberry" a real authentic feeling.
There is speculation on Barney Fife's middle name. In several episodes, Barney has been called or says his name is "Barney P. Fife" when in another episode, titled "A Plaque for Mayberry", Andy says to Barney, "I thought your middle name was Oliver."
Rance Howard, Ronny Howard's father, appeared in several episodes including as North Carolina Governor's limo driver in which Barney gives him a parking ticket. Barney actually receives a personal visit from the Governor congratulating him for giving him (his limo) the ticket.
Francis Bavier (Aunt Bee) was a huge Studebaker automobile fan. At the time of her death, she owned a 1966 Daytona Studebaker. A year after her death, her Studebaker was sold for $20,000. In the AG show, she owned a black Ford Crown Victoria convertible that she purchased from Goober Pyle. In one episode, he also taught Aunt Bee how to drive her "new" car.