The Defiant Ones (1958) Poster


Other than Sidney Poitier's singing, all of the music in the film comes from radios.
Robert Mitchum turned down the Tony Curtis' role. Mitchum, a real-life veteran of a Southern chain gang, said that he didn't believe the premise that a black and white man would be chained together, as such a thing would never happen in the very strictly segregated South. Over the years, this reason was corrupted to the point where many people believed Mitchum turned down the role because he didn't want to be chained to a black man, an absolute falsehood. Curtis repeated the inaccurate story in his autobiography, but recanted after it was explained to him.
A technical advisor on board during filming had to go uncredited, because he was a real-life chain gang escapee who was still a wanted man.
The young man with the transistor radio is played by Our Gang graduate Carl 'Alfalfa' Switzer; this was Switzer's final screen appearance before his untimely death in a shooting incident.
The film's co-writers, Nedrick Young and Harold Jacob Smith, were cast as the prison truck drivers, with the writing credits below their faces, because Young was blacklisted and writing under a pseudonym at the time and producer Stanley Kramer wanted to identify them truthfully.
Tony Curtis insisted that Sidney Poitier received top billing.
Charlie Potatoes is an old slang term (more common in the USA than the UK) for someone who is on top of the world, usually in terms of money or popularity.
Tony Curtis was very keen to make the film as he saw it as an opportunity to break out of the mindless, pretty boy roles he was usually assigned. Director Stanley Kramer initially had some misgivings but ultimately relented.
Sidney Poitier came to the set with a great deal of respect and admiration for Stanley Kramer. He recalled - "Stanley was always a forerunner of terribly good things; He was the type of man who found it essential to put on the line the things that were important to him. People have short memories: in the days he started making films about important social issues, there were powerful Hollywood columnists who could break careers. He knew this, and he said to himself, 'What the hell', either I do it or I can't live with myself.' For that attitude, we're all in Stanley Kramer's debt. He's an example of the very best of a certain type of filmmaker."
Despite the mutual admiration and camaraderie among the cast and crew, the film wasn't necessarily a breeze to shoot. It was physically exhausting for Tony Curtis and Sidney Poitier, who had to run through fields, swamps, and woods and fight each other barefisted, all while being chained together. There was also the famous climactic run for the train. Most gruelling of all were the scenes where the two chained men are swept down the rapids of a river and their desperate attempt to climb out of a deep clay pit during a rainstorm. Curtis said there were no doubles for the clay pit scene, which he deemed the hardest sequence in the film. He also said he had a stunt double for some of the water scenes while Poitier had a dummy as a stand-in for at least one shot. However, most of the gruelling stunt work was done by the two stars themselves.
A joke in industry circles at the time was that Kirk Douglas would only do it if he could play the black convict, and that his frequent co- star Burt Lancaster would only do it if he could play both convicts.
Elvis Presley wanted the role of Joker Jackson, hoping to co-star with Sammy Davis Jr. (who had been first choice for the role of Noah Cullen) but was persuaded by his manager not to do the film.
Stanley Kramer originally had Sidney Poitier and Marlon Brando in mind for the two protagonists. Both were interested but only Poitier was available. Brando was caught up in filming Mutiny on the Bounty (1962), a film with a highly troubled and seemingly endless shoot. As the start date for The Defiant Ones (1958) loomed, Kramer had no option but to start looking at other actors. Also, while Brando liked the integration message, he didn't like the way Kramer had produced their film, The Wild One (1953).
Tony Curtis believed in the movie so much, he helped raise the $1 million budget through Curtleigh, the production company he had formed with his wife Janet Leigh.
Both leads had tremendous praise for the supporting cast. Tony Curtis was particularly excited to be appearing with Carl 'Alfalfa' Switzer, who had been a child star as Alfalfa in the "Our Gang" comedies that Curtis watched as a child. Curtis later said he loved listening to Switzer (an incessant poker-player) talk about being a kid actor in early Hollywood and how he had been swindled out of the money he made from that popular shorts series.
Tony Curtis strongly believed in Stanley Kramer and the project, even though he often felt that the director showed favouritism to Sidney Poitier. He recalled - "Because of the racial climate of the time, he went out of his way to be more agreeable to Sidney. I noticed that in his direction and his behaviour. He never treated me with the same reverence he did Sidney. I wasn't mad about it. That's just the way it was. Sidney was a hell of a talent, no matter what colour he was, and this was a time when Hollywood was just starting to realize maybe it could do something positive for civil rights."
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Kirk Douglas, Burt Lancaster, Gregory Peck, Anthony Quinn and Frank Sinatra all turned down the role of Joker Jackson.
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At one point, Sidney Poitier tells Tony Curtis that he used to go to church barefoot. In response, Curtis quips "but all God's children got shoes." This was taken from the popular African-American spiritual "I got Shoes", also called "Heav'n, Heav'n." The full verse goes as follows: "I got shoes, you got shoes, All God's children got shoes. When I get to Heav'n gonna put in my shoes, Gonna walk all over God's Heav'n, Heav'n."
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Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
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Sidney Poitier and Claude Akins would later appear together in Porgy and Bess (1959).
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Included among the American Film Institute's 1998 list of the 400 movies nominated for the Top 100 Greatest American Movies.
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Carroll O'Connor plays a truck driver caught in the story's fateful, rainy night crash. He would return to play a truck driver caught in a rainy night crash in 1962's "Lonely Are the Brave".
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Sidney Poitier was the first black male actor to be nominated in any acting category of the Academy Awards, earning a Best Actor nomination for his role in this film.
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