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The Dam Busters (1955) Poster

Trivia

The squadron's mascot, Nigger, was given beers to drink as depicted in the movie. However the dog had a habit of urinating on people's legs which made the dog unpopular with many of the squadron's personnel. Also the dog was killed when hit by a car but unlike in the movie, the driver did attempt to avoid the dog and the occupants of the car were injured as a result. Any reports of Nigger's grave being opened, and the bones revealed proving NOT to be of a dog, are false. The grave was never opened, and is protected to this day.
The bombs shown in the movie were the wrong shape because the actual shape (a stubby cylinder) was still secret at the time.
Footage used to show the bombs as they skipped on the surface of the water towards the dams was drawn from footage of the bombs being tested. Backspinning the bombs gave them gyroscopic stability when skipping across the water, then held them against the dams as they sank. To conceal the backspin, which was still a state secret at the time of filming, the bombs in the footage were painted over frame by frame.
The dog used in filming to play the part of Nigger was also called Nigger.
According to Richard Todd's autobiography the scene that upset him most during filming was the finale where Guy Gibson goes off to write letters to the families of the men killed on the raid. Todd, a paratrooper combat veteran of WW2 had written such letters for real. The scene brought it all back for him.
Scenes of indoor testing of the model bomb were shot at the National Physical Laboratory at Teddington in the tanks where the actual tests took place.
Richard Todd, who plays Guy Gibson VC in the Dam Busters, also played Major John Howard in "The Longest Day". Major Howard led the first action on D Day, the attack and seizure of the bridges over the Orne River and Caen Canal,now known as Pegasus Bridge In reality, Richard Todd, who was a paratroop Captain on D Day, led the first of the main force paratroops sent to relieve the Pegasus Bridge attackers.
Gibson's dog "Nigger" was dubbed into "Trigger" for the US market. See also Goofs entry.
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Wing Cmdr. Gibson mentioned the "Tirpitz" as a possible target. This German battleship was later sunk, by 617 Squadron, using 6-ton "earth quake" bombs called Tallboys which were also designed by Dr. Barnes Wallis.
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Frank Phillips repeats in the movie his official announcement of the breach of the dams, which he had read on the BBC on May 18, 1943.
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This film was used as inspiration for the final battle scenes in Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977). Gilbert Taylor, Director of Photography and Stuart Freeborn, makeup supervisor for Star Wars also worked on this film.
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The RAF supplied most of the aircraft, at a cost of £130 per hour. This expense consumed 10% of the film's budget.
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A cut of the film was spiced up for the American market. Additional scenes of a plane crashing were later removed after it was spotted that Warner Brothers had used WW2 footage of a Flying Fortress.
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Memory of the war was still quite fresh in British minds when the movie was released in 1954. The excitement and interest generated were such that, exceptionally, the Royal Command Performance of the movie had to be repeated the following night. Frank Phillips was present and read the official announcement of the raid, as he had done on radio in 1943 and in the film.
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This is one of the films that George Lucas used clips from to edit the rough cut of Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977) (which utilizes many features of the finale of this film quite closely, notably the briefing, the ground staff waiting for news, the troika formation of the attacking aircraft and so on). In Addition, the following exchange from this film is reproduced almost verbatim (with the exception of the characters' names) in "Star Wars": Gibson: "How many guns d'you think there are, Trevor?" Trevor: "I'd say there's about 10 guns - some in the field and some in the tower".
Feature film debut of Patrick McGoohan.
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Richard Todd was an established star at the time with the right to refuse the studio's choice of directors. It was only after dinner with Michael Anderson (and their respective spouses) that the two men realized they got on quite well, and Todd approved Anderson as director.
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The film premiered 12 years to the day from the original raid.
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The test pilot for the trial drops, 'Mutt' Summers (played by Patrick Barr), was the pilot who first flew the Spitfire on its maiden flight in 1936.
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Clips of this film were used in the movie "Pink Floyd - The Wall" (1982).
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Work on a remake of The Dam Busters, produced by Peter Jackson and directed by first time director Christian Rivers, began in 2008. Jackson said in the mid-1990s that he became interested in remaking the 1954 film, but found that the rights had been bought by Mel Gibson. In 2004, Jackson was contacted by his agent, who said Gibson had dropped the rights. The rights were purchased by David Frost, from the Brickhill family in 2005. Stephen Fry is writing the script of the film. It will be distributed by Universal Pictures and StudioCanal. Filming was planned to commence in early 2009, on a budget of USD 40 million, although no project-specific filming had begun as of May 2009. The project has been delayed because Jackson decided to make The Hobbit.
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Three of the four Lancaster bombers used in the film had also appeared in the Dirk Bogarde film Appointment in London two years earlier.
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See also

Goofs | Crazy Credits | Quotes | Alternate Versions | Connections | Soundtracks

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