The earliest known appearance of the "smiley" emoticon, :-), was in an ad for this film in the New York Herald Tribune on 10 March 1953, page 20, columns 4-6. The film opened nationwide, and this ad possibly ran in many newspapers. It read: Today You'll laugh :-) You'll cry :-( You'll love <3 'Lili'" This should not be confused with the graphical yellow "smiley face", which was first drawn by Harvey Ball some 10 years later.
Lili was adapted by Michael Stewart, with music and lyrics by Bob Merrill, into the 1961 stage musical Carnival! The stage version was produced by David Merrick and directed and choreographed by Gower Champion. It starred Jerry Orbach, Kay Ballard, Pierre Olaf, James Mitchell and Anna Maria Alberghetti, and played for 719 performances.