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Do Bigha Zamin (1953)

 -  Drama
7.9
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Ratings: 7.9/10 from 595 users  
Reviews: 13 user | 4 critic

In the hope of earning enough money to pay off his debts and save his land, a poor farmer becomes a rickshaw puller in the Calcutta and faces many difficulties.

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(story), (Hindi dialogue), 1 more credit »
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Title: Do Bigha Zamin (1953)

Do Bigha Zamin (1953) on IMDb 7.9/10

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4 wins & 1 nomination. See more awards »
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Cast

Cast overview, first billed only:
Balraj Sahni ...
Shambu Maheto
Nirupa Roy ...
Parvati (Paro) Maheto
Rattan Kumar ...
Kanhaiya Maheto
Murad ...
Thakur Harnam Singh
Rajyalakshmi ...
Nayabji (as Rajlakshmi)
Nana Palsikar ...
Dhangu Maheto (Shambu's dad)
Noor Jehan ...
(as Noorjahan)
Nasir Hussain ...
Rickshaw puller (as Nazir Hussain)
Rekha Mallick ...
(as Rekha)
Misra
Chitra
Jagdeep ...
Laloo Ustad, shoeshine boy
Sarita Devi
Dilip Kumar Jr.
Ramayan Tiwari ...
Paro's molester (as Tiwari)
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Storyline

A small Bengali landowner and his young son are in danger when their two-acre farmland where they live is in danger of being taken over by a local zamindar (feudal lord) for failure to pay for mounting debits. They move to Calcutta where the father tries making a living as a rickshaw puller while his wife joins him but falls ill which threatens everything they have going to try to save their ancestorial home. Written by Anonymous

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Plot Keywords:

farmer | court | rickshaw | drought | debt | See more »

Genres:

Drama

Certificate:

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Details

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Language:

Also Known As:

Do Bigha Zamin  »

Filming Locations:

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Company Credits

Production Co:

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Technical Specs

Runtime:

Sound Mix:

(RCA Sound System)

Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
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Did You Know?

Trivia

When the shoeshine boys discuss seeing Nargis in Awaara (1951), one of them alludes to a shirt worn by a bystander. The shirt is decorated with a recurring pattern showing the famous scene from Awaara (1951) in which Raj Kapoor comes upon Nargis as she is changing clothes, partially hidden by a screen, after swimming. That scene occupies a place in Hindi cinema comparable to that of Deborah Kerr and Burt Lancaster on the beach in From Here to Eternity (1953). See more »

Connections

References Awaara (1951) See more »

Soundtracks

dharti kahe pukaar ke
Sung by Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey
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User Reviews

 
Your character is the only thing your own.
30 November 2003 | by (India-Canada) – See all my reviews

Bimalda's Do Bigha Zameen is considered a gem in Indian movies. The movie has a slight socialist theme as did most movies of that time. If the younger generation of Chinese, Eastern Europeans and Russians wonder why they saw so many Indian movies this socialist theme, probably is the answer. Do Bigha Zameen won the first ever Filmfare award. The movie got a special mention at the Cannes film festival. The movie is about a farmer Shambhu (Balraj Sahni), who has been hit badly by a famine in Bengal. The real reason of his sorrow is that the Zamindaar (land owner) wants to acquire his land on the pretext that Shambhu had taken some loan from him. Shambhu has to pay back and hence he moves to the city.

The movie paints a very true picture of pre-independence (and early post independence) India. The society is agrarian yet the farmers are poor mainly because of the fact that they have very small land holdings and they are unlettered. The farmers were gullible while the land owner, money lender and the Brahmins were guile. A lot of people moved to the cities either in the anticipation of turning there fortunes or because they could not survive the atrocities of power holders. The movie has a theme that can be found in works of notable Indian authors Munshi Premchand or Sarat Chandra Chaterjee.

The most memorable scene from the movie is when Shambhu pushes himself to his limits pulling a hand pulled rikshaw. The rider on the riksha offers Shambhu more and more money to pull faster because he is chasing (probably) his girlfriend in another rikshaw. Note Shambhu's emotions, his smile in anticipation of getting more. Compare this with the rich class which is not worried the least about the lower class' plight. The lower class is no more then a machine that can be operated by putting in quarters. The rikshaw looses a wheel and Shambhu is injured.

This is the kind of movie that can not be spoilt even if I were to write the entire story down for you. This is art not suspense thriller. You must watch this movie not for the story but the direction and the acting abilities of Balraj Sahni and Nirupa Roy (Shambhu's wife).

In all these hardships Shambhu does not loose his righteousness which is the moral of the movie. Shambhu's son steals money to help his father only to be reproached by his father. Shambhu's morality is the only thing that remains his own till the end.

The movie is notable for Balraj Sahni's performance and since it is another of Bimal Roy's movies you can expect only the best. Personally I recommend any of the Bimal Roy movies. Like other movies by him, art and commercial form of cinema are merged to produce a movie that is still looked upon as a benchmark.

Finally the name of the movie means Two Bigha of Land. Bigha is a unit of measuring land. Bigha varies from state to state. In Bengal where the movie is based 3 Bigha is one Acre. So Shambhu owns only 2.7 sq. kilometres.


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