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Do Bigha Zamin (1953)

 |  Drama
8.3
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Ratings: 8.3/10 from 807 users  
Reviews: 13 user | 5 critic

In the hope of earning enough money to pay off his debts and save his land, a poor farmer becomes a rickshaw puller in the Calcutta and faces many difficulties.

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(story), (Hindi dialogue), 1 more credit »
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Cast

Cast overview, first billed only:
Balraj Sahni ...
Shambu Maheto
Nirupa Roy ...
Parvati (Paro) Maheto
Rattan Kumar ...
Kanhaiya Maheto
Murad ...
Thakur Harnam Singh
Rajyalakshmi ...
Nayabji (as Rajlakshmi)
Nana Palsikar ...
Dhangu Maheto (Shambu's dad)
Noorjahan
Nasir Hussain ...
Rickshaw puller (as Nazir Hussain)
Rekha Mallick ...
(as Rekha)
Misra
Chitra
Jagdeep ...
Laloo Ustad, shoeshine boy
Sarita Devi
Dilip Kumar Jr.
Ramayan Tiwari ...
Paro's molester (as Tiwari)
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Storyline

A small Bengali landowner and his young son are in danger when their two-acre farmland where they live is in danger of being taken over by a local zamindar (feudal lord) for failure to pay for mounting debits. They move to Calcutta where the father tries making a living as a rickshaw puller while his wife joins him but falls ill which threatens everything they have going to try to save their ancestorial home. Written by Anonymous

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Plot Keywords:

farmer | rickshaw | court | rain | drought | See All (52) »

Genres:

Drama

Certificate:

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Details

Country:

Language:

Also Known As:

Deux hectares de terre  »

Filming Locations:

 »

Company Credits

Production Co:

 »
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Technical Specs

Runtime:

Sound Mix:

(RCA Sound System)

Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
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Did You Know?

Trivia

This was the first Indian movie to win the International Prize, at the Cannes Film Festival in 1953. See more »

Connections

Featured in And the Show Goes on: Indian Chapter (1996) See more »

Soundtracks

hariyaala saawan dhol bajaata aaya
Sung by Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey
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User Reviews

One of the best depictions of poverty I've seen
30 March 2009 | by (London, United Kingdom) – See all my reviews

After watching the Satyajit Ray films, The Apu Trilogy (1955-1959) and Devi (1960), I decided to check out some of the realistic films directed by other Bengali filmmakers during that same era. One of the films I found was Do Bigha Zamin, which won the International Prize at the 1954 Cannes Film Festival.

Although it's a Hindi-language film, and therefore technically a 'Bollywood' movie, the film's director Bimal Roy is from Bengal, thus the film has more in common with Bengali art cinema than it does with mainstream Bollywood as a result. The film does have a few musical numbers, like a lot of other Hollywood and Bollywood movies of that era, but what sets Do Bigha Zamin apart is its greater sense of realism. Beyond the few musical numbers, the film itself doesn't have much melodrama to it and there isn't much of a background score either, which is a good thing to me as a sappy or sentimental score isn't necessary for a film like this.

Do Bigha Zamin is very much a character-driven drama and the actors did a great job in portraying their respective characters. The performances which stand out most are Balraj Sahni as the farmer Shambu, the protagonist of the story, and the child actor Rattan Kumar as his son Kanhaiya. Nirupa Roy also gave a very good performance as Shambu's wife Paro.

As for Bimal Roy's direction, the film has one of the best depictions of poverty I've ever seen, covering both rural poverty in a Bengali village and urban poverty in Calcutta (now Kolkata), including the plight of street kids living in the city's slums. The film's ending was also powerful and it was overall a very moving film.

8/10


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