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Although the story is entertaining and the performances of James Stewart,
Jeff Chandler and Debra Paget outstanding, what makes Broken Arrow a
landmark film is its portrayal of the Apache Indians as something more
savage killers. Indians in the movies were always seen as brutal and
inhuman. Here they are seen as people who want what the "white men"
to live in freedom with their families on their own land and to live their
lives in their own way.
Jeff Chandler is terrific as Apache leader Cochise, who he would play twice more in other films. There is a moving scene when they return from battle and he recites the names of those killed with a pained look in his eyes. Cochise and Stewart's character have a relationship which grows from mutual respect to a true friendship as they try to work out peace between the whites and indians. Stewart is looked on as a traitor by his friends and things are complicated further by his relationship with the young Apache girl played by Debra Paget.
I cannot think of another western in which indians have been portrayed as real people with emotions who hurt, who love. When this film was released 50 years ago, blacks, asians and American Indians were still being portrayed using the worst kinds of racial stereotypes.
Broken Arrow was actually the start of James Stewart's return to the
western genre. His first western was Destry Rides Again in 1939 and he
waited for over 10 years to do another. After that he did them quite
Broken Arrow was made first, but held up over a year before release so Winchester 73 was actually Stewart's official return to the west. But both films had a lasting impact on his career.
This is the story of Army Captain Tom Jeffords who with a simple act of kindness started a peace process with the Apaches led by their charismatic leader Cochise. Jeffords, a veteran of the Union Army and the frontier wars is heartily sick of the slaughter he's witnessed and participated in. He finds an Indian boy who's been wounded by whites and he tends to them and heals him.
One thing leads to another and pretty soon Jeffords finds himself in the camp of Cochise with whom he strikes up a friendship. He also woos and wins an Apache maid named Sonseehray. Jeffords and Cochise with General Oliver O. Howard make a treaty with the Apache, at least most of them.
Broken Arrow did a lot for James Stewart, but even more for Jeff Chandler who plays Cochise. Cochise was a man in his late 60s when this was really taking place, but Chandler in his prematurely gray hair, portrays him well. Chandler got an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor for Cochise.
Jeffords and Cochise are men of good will and decency who see an honest peace as the only answer. Of course both have to contend with people who won't or can't accept peace with the other race. It's those people and what they do break the peace that is the rest of Broken Arrow's story.
Delmar Daves is a good director of western films and in fact did another film about the U.S. government trying to make peace with another Indian tribe, the Modocs in Oregon, in the film Drumbeat. He gets good results out of the rest of the cast. Note the performances of Will Geer as an Indian hating rancher, Debra Paget as Sonseehray, and Basil Ruysdael as General Howard.
The screenplay was done by Albert Maltz of the Hollywood Ten. How ironic that Maltz was blacklisted after this film. I suppose a film about peace between the races and good will towards one's fellow men was highly subversive.
Broken Arrow was given much acclaim for being the first film to express the view that Indians were something more than bloodthirsty savages. That's not exactly true, other films around that time started saying the same thing. Nevertheless Broken Arrow's message is an eternal one.
Says so in the Scriptures if I'm not mistaken.
Delmer Daves offers an important major role to an Indian character,
treating him with quality and esteem as human being...
Stewart plays a scout who seeks to heal the divisions between the Apaches and white men But while "Broken Arrow" is a perfectly acceptable depiction of frontier struggles, it does not display Stewart to the best advantages Delmer Daves was competent enough, but he lacked the ultimate virility and intensity of Anthony Mann
"Broken Arrow" examines, rather intensely and directly, the mistreatment and flagrant exploitation of the Indians by whites in the early West
The strength of this often lyrically photographed picture which will a1ways have an honorable place among Westerns lies particularly in the touching dignity of Stewart's love and marriage to an Indian girl (Debra Paget). Indian haters, of course, stir up the usual sort of trouble and Stewart's bride becomes a victim with all the consequent poignancy for which the film is best remembered
The over-wise Chandler counsels him that he must learn to live with his whiteness just as his new friends must contend with their own place in the cosmic scheme of things Cochise has words of stark consolation for Stewart: "As I bear the murder of my people, so you will bear the murder of your wife."
The most interesting aspect of " Broken Arrow" is not the interracial romance between Stewart and Paget, but Stewart's relationship with Chandler's Cochise There is intra-character complexity here, as Chandler struggles to overcome his disturb of all whites, and Stewart attempts to comprehend the different philosophy and cultural of the Indians
Jeff Chandler was quite apt and professional He was so believable in the role of the Apache chief Cochise that he was to essay it again in George Sherman's "The Battle at Apache Pass" in 1952 Chandler's facial bone structure lent itself to noble, incisive Indian profiles, and unlike other Caucasian actors he did not look out of place He was even nominated for Best Supporting Actor at that year's Oscars
Tagline: Of this motion picture the screen can be proud... Today...
Tomorrow... A generation from now...
Worth repeating this tagline, because after seeing the film again for the first time in 42 years, it's right on. 50s westerns almost universally depicted Indians as pigeon-English speaking savages... or tried to talk Indian that translated to pigeon-Indian.
While the leading cast is all-Anglo, the perspective is that both sides in the Wild West were had more than a few intelligent, caring individuals among them. A willingness to sacrifice much (including renegades) to achieve a lasting peace is the message.
Jimmy Stewart had something to lose by doing a picture like this, but the acting here stands with any in his career. The portrayal of Cochise by Jeff Chandler is powerful, although unquestionably a little bit too noble-savagish.
"Let's mosey on over there" is a line spoken by Stewart toward the end of the film. Takes you back to a time when people took time to mosey.
A good-hearted picture by a little-known director standing up against the prevailing stereotypes. Wouldn't be surprised if Costner watched it more than once before making "Dances with Wolves".
When I was a young boy I saw this picture. It was the first western in which the Indians were not uncivilised barbarians, but normal people, with their own standards. It was a revelation! At last one director had the courage to show this to us. So thank you, Delmer Daves! The performances of Jeff Chandler and James Steward were touching and also Debra Paget was fantastic. I do hope to see this film again someday on DVD. Hans Dullaart Delft Netherlands.
In this underrated Western, Stewart is an ex-scout who tries to make peace between the Apaches and the white settlers in 1870s Arizona. For some reason this film's reputation has taken a hit over the years, but it is quite enjoyable. Stewart made several Westerns in the 1950s, starting with this and "Winchester 73" in 1950. Although the latter film is more highly regarded today, this film is actually better crafted, boasting fine cinematography and score. Chandler gives perhaps the best performance of his career as the noble Apache chief who is willing to make peace. Paget (looking like Britney Spears!) plays Stewart's love interest.
*** This review may contain spoilers ***
When Tomahawk and carbine split the West asunder, these braves, the
scout Tom Jefford and chief Cochise, stood in glory. The fate of the
great southwest lay in their hands, for this was the hour of decision
and the last and deadliest of the Indian wars . This is a story true as
the arrow's aim, powerful as the love that wed a white man to an Indian
girl and fighting to coexist on the Western frontier in the 1870s . As
usual, crooked settlers and mean traders thwart peace. James Stewart as
Tom Jefford, an ex-Army explorer, who dared the red man's vengeance-the
white man's scorn and attempting to find truce among feuding white man
and Indian . Debra Paget, as Sonseeahray whose soft lips answered a
white man's search love . Jeff Chandler, as Cochise, the most
blood-thirsty of Apaches, who took a white man for his blood brother.
Joyce McKenzie as Terry Wilson, she waited alone in Tucson and lost-to
an Indian girl. The film is plenty of adventures, shootouts, noisy
action and spectacular landscapes. However displays a sad finale, as
Cochise tells to Tom Jeffords: ¨As I bear the murder of my people , so
you will bear the murder of you wife¨.
This picture acclaimed like one of the first to deal the Indian with understanding and justice . The film contains agreeable depiction about Indian customs as it actually was, including dancing, complex mythology and peculiar culture . The movie is shot in Cocominto Mountains of Arizona with marvellous outdoors. Excellent performances by James Stewart and Cochise with scars on his face caused by previous crash car. Interesting screenplay by Albert Matz though credited as Michael Blankfort, but he was blacklisted. Evocative and imaginative score by Hugo Friedhofer. The motion picture is well directed by Delmer Daves. It's followed by sequels and Chandler performed Cochise again in ¨Battle of Apache pass¨ and Rock Hudson played his son in ¨Taza, son of Cochise¨ and posteriorly continued a TV series . Rating: Above average for respect on interesting Indian culture.
The movie is in the past conditional,because we know the real end of
the story and Delmer Daves who had been studying the Indians ways for a
long time did not try to fool the audience:"broken arrow" is not a nice
"peace and love" movie:there are plenty of death,violence and hatred
here ,more than in the average western.As Cochise says,living in peace
is more difficult than waging war.But Jeffords and him become legendary
figures whom we can still meet today everywhere in the world,peace on
earth and good will to men .Thus his story becomes universal.
There's a wistful,not to say very sad side:Delmer Daves is like John Lennon singing "imagine" or Neil Young singing "Pocahontas" (I wish I was a trapper/I would give a thousand pelts/To sleep with Pocahontas/And find out how she felt/In the morning in the fields of green/in the home land we've never seen):he does know that all these promises are illusive ,the two protagonists trust each other,but who else can they trust?The dice are loaded from the start.
That's why the love scenes are so important and among the most visually astounding we can see in a western.Thanks partly to Debra Paget's breathtaking beauty,the scenes between Jeffords and Sonseearhay climax the movie.They give the audience a taste of a lost paradise "the homeland we've never seen":Jefford's dream only really comes true in these sequences where the lovers are under the "big sky" in communion with nature.
Some will complain because everybody speaks English,but Tom's voice-over warns us from the very start.Kevin Costner,who makes his Oscar-winning "dance with wolves" in the early nineties ,owes a good deal to Delmer Daves.
Broken Arrow's story is about making peace with the Apaches. James Stewart (Tom Jeffords) is the ex-scout who gets to know Cochise (Jeff Chandler better than in any other film he made). He also falls in love with Debra Paget (also beautiful and angelic and at her best). Being a friend of Cochise, Jeffords decides to be the intermediary in the process of peacemaking. On both sides there are elements who don't want any peace, in the case of the Apaches it is Geronimo. Stewart is called a spy by his own folks who also want to hang him. Their aim (Cochise and Jeffords) is an ideal peace treaty where neither side will come out losing more than the other. This film is a good lesson in the mechanism of making peace.
As the war rages between the American settlers and the Apache, former
soldier Tom Jeffords happens upon a young Indian wounded after an
attack. Taking upon himself to aid the boy, it's not long before the
Apache show up intent on killing Jeffords by way of the war instincts.
Pleading for Jeffords' life, the boy manages to get him spared by the
Apache chief, Cochise. It's the start of a friendship that may just
bring and end to the war and peace across the west.
Tho not the first "social" Western film made, Broken Arrow, it can be argued, is maybe one of the most important and telling genre films of the 50s. Showing humanist portrayals of the Apache and dealing out level headed tellings of the relationships between whites and the Native Americans, Delmer Daves' film is as relevant today as it was back on release. Adapted from Elliott Arnold's novel Blood Brother, the story follows Jeffords (a measured and fine James Stewart) as he attempts to broker peace between the warring factions. Firstly by convincing Cochise (Jeff Chandler bang on form) to allow the mail run thru the pass, something that brings suspicion and calls of Indian lover from Jeffords' own kind, and then to finally set up a peace pact at a time when violence and hatred was rife in the west.
As the friendship between the two men grows, Jeffords and an Apache girl fall in love (beautiful Debra Paget as Sonseeahray), thus giving the story a further jolt of momentum. The screenplay then really hits its stride, as Daves and his crew pit peace and inter racial love against a backdrop of bloodshed and savagery. Never glossing over just how hard peace is going to be, Broken Arrow retains intelligence and a sensitivity even as breakaway factions from both sides (for example we see Geronimo split the Apache and form a renegade front) are intent on killing off the peace process. It even has time for deep emotional kickers to reinforce the point of just how tough and unlikely peace and tolerance can be sometimes.
Broken Arrow was, and still is, a bold picture. In fact it can be argued that for the likes of Daves and Stewart, it was at the time very bold and risky career moves. But it paid off because the film stands up today as a picture of some distinction. It's themes and approach to its subjects are something that this generation, and all the future ones, will always find to be socially important. Boosted by Hugo Friedhofer's luscious score and taking advantage of the Lone Pine location shoot, Broken Arrow is a fine fine film that even non Western fans should be looking to absorb. 8/10
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