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Fort Apache
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Fort Apache (1948) More at IMDbPro »

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Fort Apache -- In John Ford's sombre exploration mythologising of American heroes, he slowly reveals the character of Owen Thursday...


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Down 15% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
Frank S. Nugent (screenplay)
James Warner Bellah (suggested by the story "Massacre")
View company contact information for Fort Apache on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
14 June 1948 (Brazil) See more »
John Ford's Masterpiece of the Frontier!
At Fort Apache, an honorable and veteran war captain finds conflict when his regime is placed under the command of a young, glory hungry lieutenant colonel with no respect for the local Indian tribe. Full summary » | Full synopsis »
2 wins & 1 nomination See more »
User Reviews:
Fonda And Wayne Clash In John Ford Cavalry Pic See more (74 total) »


  (in credits order) (verified as complete)

John Wayne ... Capt. Kirby York

Henry Fonda ... Lt. Col. Owen Thursday

Shirley Temple ... Philadelphia Thursday

Pedro Armendáriz ... Sgt. Beaufort (as Pedro Armendariz)

Ward Bond ... Sgt. Maj. Michael O'Rourke

George O'Brien ... Capt. Sam Collingwood

Victor McLaglen ... Sgt. Festus Mulcahy

Anna Lee ... Mrs. Emily Collingwood

Irene Rich ... Mrs. Mary O'Rourke
Dick Foran ... Sgt. Quincannon
Guy Kibbee ... Capt. Dr. Wilkens
Grant Withers ... Silas Meacham
Jack Pennick ... Sgt. Daniel Schattuck
Ray Hyke ... Lt. Gates

Movita ... Guadalupe
Miguel Inclán ... Cochise (as Miguel Inclan)
Mary Gordon ... Ma (barmaid)
Philip Kieffer ... Cavalryman (as Philip Keiffer)

Mae Marsh ... Mrs. Gates

Hank Worden ... Southern Recruit

John Agar ... 2nd Lt. Michael Shannon O'Rourke
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Cliff Clark ... Stage Driver (uncredited)
Frank Ferguson ... Newspaperman (uncredited)
Francis Ford ... Fen - Stage Guard (uncredited)
William Forrest ... Reporter (uncredited)
Fred Graham ... Cavalryman (uncredited)
Frank McGrath ... Cpl. Derice (uncredited)
Phil Schumacher ... Soldier (uncredited)
Mickey Simpson ... NCO at Dance (uncredited)
Brick Sullivan ... Officer at Dance (uncredited)
Harry Tenbrook ... Tom O'Feeney (uncredited)
Archie Twitchell ... Reporter (uncredited)

Directed by
John Ford 
Writing credits
Frank S. Nugent (screenplay)

James Warner Bellah (suggested by the story "Massacre")

Produced by
Merian C. Cooper .... executive producer (uncredited)
John Ford .... executive producer (uncredited)
Original Music by
Richard Hageman (musical score)
Cinematography by
Archie Stout 
William H. Clothier (uncredited)
Film Editing by
Jack Murray 
Art Direction by
James Basevi 
Makeup Department
Emile LaVigne .... makeup artist
Production Management
William Forsyth .... assistant production manager (uncredited)
Bernard McEveety .... production manager (uncredited)
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Lowell J. Farrell .... assistant director (as Lowell Farrell)
Cliff Lyons .... second unit director (uncredited)
Frank Parmenter .... second assistant director (uncredited)
Jack Pennick .... assistant director (uncredited)
Art Department
Jack Colconda .... properties (as Jack Galconda)
Joseph Kish .... set dressings
Robert Clark .... foreman (uncredited)
Sound Department
Joseph I. Kane .... sound
Frank Webster .... sound
Special Effects by
Dave Koehler .... special effects
Daniel Hays .... special effects (uncredited)
Frank Baker .... stunts (uncredited)
Fred Carson .... stunts (uncredited)
John Epper .... stunts (uncredited)
Richard Farnsworth .... stunts (uncredited)
Fred Graham .... stunts (uncredited)
John Hudkins .... stunts (uncredited)
Ben Johnson .... stunts (uncredited)
Walt La Rue .... stunts (uncredited)
Cliff Lyons .... stunts (uncredited)
Ted Mapes .... stunts (uncredited)
Frank McGrath .... stunts (uncredited)
Gil Perkins .... stunts (uncredited)
Bob Rose .... stunts (uncredited)
Danny Sands .... stunts (uncredited)
Barlow Simpson .... stunts (uncredited)
Jack Williams .... stunts (uncredited)
Henry Wills .... stunts (uncredited)
Camera and Electrical Department
Eddie Fitzgerald .... camera operator (uncredited)
Carl Gibson .... grip (uncredited)
Al St. Hilaire .... still photographer (uncredited)
Costume and Wardrobe Department
D.R.O. Hatswell .... costume research
Michael Meyers .... wardrobe: men's
Ann Peck .... wardrobe: ladies'
Music Department
Lucien Cailliet .... conductor
Lucien Cailliet .... music arranger
Morton Downey .... playback singer (uncredited)
Other crew
Katherine Cliffton .... research editor
Merian C. Cooper .... presenter
John Ford .... presenter
Philip Kieffer .... technical advisor (as Major Philip Kieffer USA Rtd.)
Katharine Spaatz .... technical advisor
Kenny Williams .... dance sequences
Sid Davis .... stand-in: John Wayne (uncredited)
James Green .... set doctor (uncredited)
Paul Mantz .... aerial liaison (uncredited)
Robert Nielson .... set doctor (uncredited)
Jack Pennick .... executive assistant (uncredited)
Charles Quesnel .... auditor (uncredited)
Meta Stern .... script supervisor (uncredited)
Tom Wood .... assistant publicist (uncredited)
Crew verified as complete

Production CompaniesDistributors

Additional Details

Also Known As:
125 min | West Germany:84 min (cut version)
Aspect Ratio:
1.37 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
Mono (Western Electric Recording)
Australia:G | Canada:PG (video rating) | Finland:S | Iceland:L | Netherlands:14 (original rating) (1948) | Norway:16 (1948) | South Korea:15 (DVD rating) (2002) | Spain:T | UK:U (passed with cuts) | UK:U (video rating) (1985) (1999) | USA:Approved (MPAA rating: certificate #12829) | West Germany:6 (nf)

Did You Know?

Film debut of John Agar.See more »
Errors in geography: When Capt Yorke reports to Col Thursday at the NCO's dance, he says that Cochise and his people have crossed the Rio Bravo back to American soil. This movie takes place in Arizona, there is no river separating Arizona from Mexico. The Rio Bravo (Rio Grande in US) separates only Texas and no other states from Mexico.See more »
RSM Michael O'Rourke:How's the boy doin' Festus?
First Sgt. Festus Mulcahy:Oh, fine, Michael, but... well... he's an officer and a gentleman, and that's no job for a gentleman.
See more »
Movie Connections:
Sweet GenevieveSee more »


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41 out of 53 people found the following review useful.
Fonda And Wayne Clash In John Ford Cavalry Pic, 13 January 1999
Author: Michael Coy ( from London, England

Lieutenant-Colonel Owen Thursday arrives at a frontier fort to take up his new command. His harsh, unbending philosophy of soldiering creates something of a stir in the regiment. His pretty daughter Philadelphia causes a rather different commotion.

The headstrong commander refuses to listen to the advice of his loyal captain, Kirby York, who knows frontier life and enjoys a rapport with the indian chiefs. The two officers are both strong characters, and their differing ideas inevitably lead to a clash.

Cochise and his braves are willing to accommodate the white man so long as their concerns are handled with diplomacy. Unfortunately, the high-handed approach of Lieutenant-Colonel Thursday cause relations to deteriorate, and conflict ensues.

In the course of the 1940's and 50's, director John Ford returned repeatedly to this subject-matter, John Wayne in Monument Valley with the US cavalry, fighting redskins and singing Irish folksongs. The stirring anthem in this movie is "The Girl I Left Behind Me", sung as the regiment rides out in full panoply to meet Cochise - although "She Wore A Yellow Ribbon" gets an airing, too.

The cavalry regiment itself is a protagonist in the story, regarded as a living entity by its members. When Captain York is promoted to Colonel and commands the regiment, he makes a powerful speech stressing the continuity and tradition which have made the regiment great. The sense of hierarchy is strong. This is a world of order in which army regulations govern even the way an officer presents his calling-card. Soldiers can quote the regulations by heart. This well-regulated military force will, we feel, impose civilisation on this wild frontier.

Examples of the regiment's rigid code keep recurring. The NCOs' dance has its own elaborate protocol, which not even Colonel Thursday dares to flout. Feelings over the O'Rourke marriage reach boiling-point, but everyone adheres to the rules of military courtesy. Washington's Birthday is celebrated as a regimental occasion. The Irish sergeants are all related by blood and marriage, and as their exuberant fraternal greetings subside, military discipline asserts itself effortlessly.

"I'm not a martinet," protests Colonel Thursday, the most extreme martinet imaginable. He is inflexible in his enforcement of the military code, and too stubborn and wrongheaded to listen to the advice of his officers, who are experienced frontier campaigners. He completely misses the presence of Cochise's war party because he has no combat experience and doesn't know to watch the skyline for dust clouds. In addition, Thursday is a terrible snob. He calls young Michael O'Rourke a 'savage' for a perceived laxity of discipline, and sets his face against the marriage of Michael and Philadelphia because of "the barrier between your class and mine". He is dismayed that the son of a sergeant should have passed through West Point, and needlessly offends Cochise by talking down to him.

And yet even Owen Thursday has a human side. We gather that there is some personal secret between him and Captain Collingwood, and we almost smile when the armchair collapses under him. Most tellingly, Thursday returns to the beleaguered redoubt after he has been rescued. He redeems himself by rejoining his soldiers in the thick of the fighting.

When young Philadelphia Thursday (Shirley Temple) studies Michael O'Rourke in her purse mirror, we know that these two will be the love interest. Also, as this incident illustrates, the womenfolk of Fort Apache tend to run the show in this masculine enclave. The Thursday residence is somewhat joyless, especially when compared with Aunt Emily's cosy quarters. The women brush aside the colonel's seniority and call in Mrs. O'Rourke to refurnish the place. In one of the film's good jokes, no fewer than eight Mrs. O'Rourkes answer the call. There is a touching scene when the regiment moves out and the women are left together. Mrs. Collingwood is torn, because her husband has his safe posting back east and needn't go into battle, but she knows how important it is for him to prove his courage. The womenfolk urge her to call him back, but she reluctantly allows him to ride out.

John Ford laced many of his films with Irish humour, and "Fort Apache" is no exception. The ubiquitous Victor McLaglen plays Sergeant Festus Mulcahy, and he and the O'Rourkes run the fort - that is, whenever they are not in the jailhouse on charges of drinking and brawling. Outrageously, Mulcahy promotes a raw recruit to corporal, simply because he's Irish. Quincannon virtually lives in the jailhouse, but he has a fine tenor voice, so he is released from custody in order to serenade the young lovers with his rendition of "Genevieve". When the dishonest trader Meacham has his whisky stock confiscated and marked for destruction, the sad faces of the sergeants make a comical picture, and the subsequent 'destruction' is even funnier.

Ford is a master of composition. York rides out to parley with Cochise and is engrossed in dialogue, leaving Thursday stranded and excluded. We hear the thunder of hooves offscreen before we see the charge, and its impact is magnified accordingly. In the sequence where York and Beaufort ride to negotiate with Cochise, the screen is filled with stunning images of rock and sky. The charging cavalry are cleverly 'lost' in their own dust, which closes behind them like a curtain, ending the scene.

Wayne is curiously subdued in this film. This is partly because he plays a conscientious subordinate, and partly because the confrontation with Fonda is eclipsed by other plot developments.

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