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Roma città aperta
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Rome, Open City (1945) More at IMDbPro »Roma città aperta (original title)


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Up 6% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
Sergio Amidei (screenplay) and
Federico Fellini (collaboration on screenplay) ...
View company contact information for Rome, Open City on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
27 September 1945 (Italy) See more »
The location: Nazi occupied Rome. As Rome is classified an open city, most Romans can wander the streets... See more » | Add synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
Nominated for Oscar. Another 7 wins See more »
(59 articles)
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User Reviews:
Legendary Italian masterpiece with Italian screen legend See more (54 total) »


  (in credits order) (verified as complete)
Aldo Fabrizi ... Don Pietro Pellegrini

Anna Magnani ... Pina
Marcello Pagliero ... Giorgio Manfredi aka Luigi Ferraris
Vito Annichiarico ... Piccolo Marcello
Nando Bruno ... Agostino the Sexton
Harry Feist ... Major Bergmann
Giovanna Galletti ... Ingrid
Francesco Grandjacquet ... Francesco
Eduardo Passarelli ... Neighborhood Police Sergeant (as Passarelli)
Maria Michi ... Marina Mari
Carla Rovere ... Lauretta
Carlo Sindici ... Police Commissioner
Joop van Hulzen ... Captain Hartmann (as Van Hulzen)
Ákos Tolnay ... Austrian Deserter (as A. Tolnay)
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Caterina Di Furia ... Woman in street scene (uncredited)
Laura Clara Giudice ... Bit Part (uncredited)
Turi Pandolfini ... Grandfather (uncredited)
Amalia Pellegrini ... Nannina (uncredited)
Spartaco Ricci ... Geman motorcyclist (uncredited)
Doretta Sestan ... Bit Part (uncredited)
Alberto Tavazzi ... The Priest (uncredited)

Directed by
Roberto Rossellini 
Writing credits
Sergio Amidei  screenplay and
Federico Fellini  collaboration on screenplay &
Roberto Rossellini  collaboration on screenplay

Sergio Amidei  story and
Alberto Consiglio  additional material &
Roberto Rossellini  additional material

Produced by
Giuseppe Amato .... producer (uncredited)
Ferruccio De Martino .... producer (uncredited)
Rod E. Geiger .... producer (uncredited)
Roberto Rossellini .... producer (uncredited)
Original Music by
Renzo Rossellini 
Cinematography by
Ubaldo Arata 
Film Editing by
Eraldo Da Roma 
Jolanda Benvenuti (uncredited)
Production Design by
Rosario Megna 
Production Management
Ferruccio De Martino .... production manager
Mario Del Papa .... production manager
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Sergio Amidei .... assistant director
Federico Fellini .... assistant director (uncredited)
Sound Department
Raffaele Del Monte .... sound
Visual Effects by
Stefano Ballirano .... digital restoration supervisor (restored version)
Stefano Camberini .... digital restoration artist (restored version)
Pablo Mariano Picabea .... film recording (restored version)
Paolo Verrucci .... digital color grading restoration (restored version)
Stefanacci .... visual effects (uncredited)
Camera and Electrical Department
Vincenzo Seratrice .... camera operator
Music Department
Luigi Ricci .... orchestra conductor
Other crew
Vincenzo Genesi .... laboratory manager: Tecnostampa (as V. Genesi)
J. Tuzzi .... continuity
Ferruccio Amendola .... voice dubbing: Vito Annichiarico (uncredited)
Rosetta Calavetta .... voice dubbing: Carla Rovere (uncredited)
Gualtiero De Angelis .... voice dubbing: Francesco Grandjacquet (uncredited)
Pietro Di Donato .... subtitler: English (uncredited)
Lauro Gazzolo .... voice dubbing: Marcello Pagliero (uncredited)
Giulio Panicali .... voice dubbing: Harry Feist (uncredited)
Roswita Schmidt .... voice dubbing: Giovanna Galletti (uncredited)
Herman G. Weinberg .... subtitler: English (uncredited)
Crew verified as complete

Production CompaniesDistributorsOther Companies

Additional Details

Also Known As:
"Roma città aperta" - Italy (original title)
See more »
103 min
Aspect Ratio:
1.37 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
Mono (Western Electric Recording)
Argentina:16 | Australia:M | Finland:K-12 (2014) (TV rating) | Finland:K-16 (1955) | France:U | Germany:12 (cut) (DVD rating) | Portugal:M/12 | Spain:13 | Sweden:15 | UK:15 | UK:12 (re-rating) (2005) | USA:Approved | USA:Not Rated | West Germany:16 (re-rating) (cut) | West Germany:(Banned) (1950-1961)

Did You Know?

In the French-dubbed version a few characters were given Gallic names: Anna Magnani (Anne-Marie), Maria Michi (Monique Martin), Francesco Grandjacquet (François), Vito Annichiarico (Marcel), Carla Rovere (Laurette), Nando Bruno (Augustin).See more »
Major Bergman:I've a man who must talk before dawn and a priest who is praying for him. He'll talk
Hartman:And if not?
Major Bergman:Ridiculous.
Hartman:And if not?
Major Bergman:Then it would mean an Italian is worth as much as a German. It would mean there is no difference in the blood of a slave race and a master race. And no reason for this war.
See more »
Movie Connections:
Referenced in Cannibal Holocaust (1980)See more »
Mallinata FiorentinaSee more »


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12 out of 17 people found the following review useful.
Legendary Italian masterpiece with Italian screen legend, 16 March 2008
Author: Marcin Kukuczka from Cieszyn, Poland

"It is easy to die with dignity,

it is much harder to live with dignity" (Padre Pietro)

Usually when I encounter commenting on WWII movies, I have mixed feelings. I am aware that it's hardly possible to fully evaluate their intensely diverse levels. The situation occurs even harder when commenting on such a legendary movie as ROMA CITTA APERTA. It seems that it is easier to end about it well but much harder to say about it so. Rossellini's movie is one of the true masterpieces dealing with WWII, a symbol of Italian Neorealism, a wonderful psychological insight into individual and social deeds. Moreover, it is the film made just in the core of those events, the Rome of the mid-1940s. All latest movies on WWII, though very well made, seem pale and only acted when comparing to this one. Let me discuss the movie in more details.

ROMA CITTA APERTA is a true INSIGHT into various CHARACTERS in their hard REALITIES that force them to particular deeds. They all cope with resistance from the German fascists who divided Rome into 14 zones and control it. The characters range from the simple Il Sagrestano, the engaged couple Francesco and Pina, young boys, devoted Padre Pietro, performer Marina to the most "wanted" man Giorgio Manfredi (a true character, the Communist Celeste Negavilla). They all cope with individual dramas combined with psychological tiredness: Pina plans to set up a family, yet fatal events of hatred do not allow for her happiness; one of the boys badly seeks a father, yet the army of death does not accept fathers or sons; some want careers as performers, yet the times force service to blind propaganda only; good Christians want to live with dignity and love, yet, the world can only offer humiliation and hatred in return. The satanic patience of the Nazis seems to win. And here arises a question: are they all forced to do things they'd never do?... That profound development of characters, though may seem too harsh for Germans, occurs to be especially thought provoking and psychological.

ROMA CITTA APERTA is filled with GENUINELY TOUCHING MOMENTS. Except for the final scene - the symbol of the movie when the sad boys walk to the city of Rome just after the execution=martyrdom of their earthly angelic tutor, Padre Pietro; I'll never forget Pina's death: supposedly so unnecessary as a loss of life but truly so significant as a cry for freedom and dignity. Anna Magnani does a terrific job in this scene, you as a viewer seem to shout with her in despair: "Francesco!" Another great moment is when Marcello, Pina's son, asks Francesco "Can I call you father?" This seems to symbolize that simple affection never dies and remains a genuine sign of hope in the world of madness and hatred. Besides, who can forget the moment when Francesco places hope in Pina that the future would bring life anew, dreams anew, happiness more stable. Throughout these moments, there is an intense atmosphere, something that keeps you on your chair speechless.

ROMA CITTA APERTA stands out as a movie with a very clever and profound SCRIPT. It thrilled me when Bergmann, with satanic irony, says to Padre Pietro "I DO NOT care about your rules!" and Padre answers calmly "But the One above you and me DOES" Hartmann's reflections on Nazis' deeds constitute an accurate psychology of doubt even among these "monsters". His character also atones a bit for the image of the Germans. But the final words about living and dying in dignity are the quintessential of the movie and leave a timeless message. But all the word "masterwork" sums up in another crucial aspect.

ROMA CITTA APERTA is one great harmony of flawless PERFORMANCES. Who comes to view as the superior cast is of course the unforgettable Anna Magnani. Her symbolic role of Pina representing the despair of the nation is one of the greatest masterpieces one can encounter in the history of cinema. I do not exaggerate: Anna does something above flawless acting: she IS Pina! Aldo Fabrizi gives a profound performance as Il Padre stressing right Christian attitude filled with love, justice, openness. Harry Feist does a terrific job as wretched Nazi officer Bergmann and Maria Michi as Marina of the Piburtina Street. This film deserves to bear a name "masterpiece" thanks to performances alone.

ROMA CITTA APERTA is undeniably one of the most precious pearls of human thought in cinema. It lifts up the mind and soul, beside all its content of war, death and cruelty, it still fills our minds with hope of the better world. Yet, eternal walk of humanity towards the gates of peace has not finished yet. However, as long as there are viewers who acquire the spirit of this movie, such walk does not occur in vain.

Oh Rome, the Eternal City, the Beloved City, the Historic Treasure of Humanity, Open Your Gates to Peace, Open the Gates of All Human Hearts!

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