63 user 83 critic

Rome, Open City (1945)

Roma città aperta (original title)
Not Rated | | Drama, Thriller, War | 14 October 1946 (Denmark)
During the Nazi occupation of Rome in 1944, the Resistance leader, Giorgio Manfredi, is chased by the Nazis as he seeks refuge and a way to escape.



(screenplay), (collaboration on screenplay) | 4 more credits »

Watch Now

From $2.99 (SD) on Prime Video

Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 7 wins. See more awards »


Learn more

People who liked this also liked... 

Paisan (1946)
Drama | War
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

The language barrier has tragic consequences in a series of unrelated stories set during the Italian Campaign of WWII.

Director: Roberto Rossellini
Stars: Carmela Sazio, Joseph Garland Moore Jr., William Tubbs
Drama | War
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.9/10 X  

A young German boy faces the problems of the tough life in the immediate post WWII Berlin.

Director: Roberto Rossellini
Stars: Edmund Moeschke, Ernst Pittschau, Ingetraud Hinze
Umberto D. (1952)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.2/10 X  

An elderly man and his dog struggle to survive on his government pension in Rome.

Director: Vittorio De Sica
Stars: Carlo Battisti, Maria Pia Casilio, Lina Gennari
Europe '51 (1952)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.6/10 X  

Irene Girard is an ambassador's wife and used to living in luxury. After the dramatic death of her son, she feels guilty of having neglected him and feels compelled to help people in need ... See full summary »

Director: Roberto Rossellini
Stars: Ingrid Bergman, Alexander Knox, Ettore Giannini
Ossessione (1943)
Crime | Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

Gino, a drifter, begins an affair with inn-owner Giovanna as they plan to get rid of her older husband.

Director: Luchino Visconti
Stars: Clara Calamai, Massimo Girotti, Dhia Cristiani
Shoeshine (1946)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8/10 X  

Two shoeshine boys in postwar Rome, Italy, save up to buy a horse, but their involvement as dupes in a burglary lands them in juvenile prison where the experience take a devastating toll on their friendship.

Director: Vittorio De Sica
Stars: Rinaldo Smordoni, Franco Interlenghi, Annielo Mele
Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  

An unhappily married couple attempts to find direction and insight while vacationing in Naples.

Director: Roberto Rossellini
Stars: Ingrid Bergman, George Sanders, Maria Mauban
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  

Karen, a young woman from the Baltic countries, marries fisherman Antonio to escape from a prisoners camp. But the life in Antonio's village, Stromboli, threatened by the volcano, is a tough one and Karen cannot get used to it.

Director: Roberto Rossellini
Stars: Ingrid Bergman, Mario Vitale, Renzo Cesana
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.3/10 X  

In post-war Italy, a working-class man's bicycle is stolen. He and his son set out to find it.

Director: Vittorio De Sica
Stars: Lamberto Maggiorani, Enzo Staiola, Lianella Carell
L'Avventura (1960)
Drama | Mystery
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.9/10 X  

A woman disappears during a Mediterranean boating trip. During the search, her lover and her best friend become attracted to each other.

Director: Michelangelo Antonioni
Stars: Gabriele Ferzetti, Monica Vitti, Lea Massari
La Strada (1954)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.1/10 X  

A care-free girl is sold to a traveling entertainer, consequently enduring physical and emotional pain along the way.

Director: Federico Fellini
Stars: Anthony Quinn, Giulietta Masina, Richard Basehart
Comedy | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.1/10 X  

A bourgeois life in France at the onset of World War II, as the rich and their poor servants meet up at a French chateau.

Director: Jean Renoir
Stars: Marcel Dalio, Nora Gregor, Paulette Dubost


Complete credited cast:
Marcello Pagliero ...
Giorgio Manfredi aka Luigi Ferraris
Vito Annichiarico ...
Piccolo Marcello
Nando Bruno ...
Agostino the Sexton
Harry Feist ...
Giovanna Galletti ...
Francesco Grandjacquet ...
Eduardo Passarelli ...
Neighborhood Police Sergeant (as Passarelli)
Marina Mari
Carla Rovere ...
Carlo Sindici ...
Police Commissioner
Joop van Hulzen ...
Captain Hartmann (as Van Hulzen)
Ákos Tolnay ...
Austrian Deserter (as A. Tolnay)


The location: Nazi occupied Rome. As Rome is classified an open city, most Romans can wander the streets without fear of the city being bombed or them being killed in the process. But life for Romans is still difficult with the Nazi occupation as there is a curfew, basic foods are rationed, and the Nazis are still searching for those working for the resistance and will go to any length to quash those in the resistance and anyone providing them with assistance. War worn widowed mother Pina is about to get married to her next door neighbor Francesco. Despite their situation - Pina being pregnant, and Francesco being an atheist - Pina and Francesco will be wed by Catholic priest Don Pietro Pelligrini. The day before the wedding, Francesco's friend, Giorgio Manfredi, who Pina has never met, comes looking for Francesco as he, working for the resistance, needs a place to hide out. For his latest mission, Giorgio also requests the assistance of Don Pietro, who is more than willing as he sees... Written by Huggo

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


Drama | Thriller | War


Not Rated | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:





| |

Release Date:

14 October 1946 (Denmark)  »

Also Known As:

Rome, Open City  »

Company Credits

Production Co:

Show more on  »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:

(Western Electric Recording)

Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
See  »

Did You Know?


Roberto Rossellini and Sergio Amidei took their inspiration from two real-life people, Pina from Teresa Gullace, a Roman woman killed on a street on 3 March 1944, and Manfredi from Cesare Negarville, a partisan that Amidei had hidden at his home during the War. See more »


Major Bergman: Then I'll tell you who he is. He's subversive, he's fought with the Reds in Spain. His life is dedicated to fighting society, religion. He is an atheist... your enemy...
Don Pietro: I am a Catholic priest. I believe that those who fight for justice and truth walk in the path of God and the paths of God are infinite
See more »


Featured in Fejezetek a film történetéböl: A neorealizmus (1990) See more »


Mallinata Fiorentina
Composed by Giovanni D'Anzi
Lyrics by Galdieri
See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.

User Reviews

Legendary Italian masterpiece with Italian screen legend
16 March 2008 | by See all my reviews

"It is easy to die with dignity,

it is much harder to live with dignity" (Padre Pietro)

Usually when I encounter commenting on WWII movies, I have mixed feelings. I am aware that it's hardly possible to fully evaluate their intensely diverse levels. The situation occurs even harder when commenting on such a legendary movie as ROMA CITTA APERTA. It seems that it is easier to end about it well but much harder to say about it so. Rossellini's movie is one of the true masterpieces dealing with WWII, a symbol of Italian Neorealism, a wonderful psychological insight into individual and social deeds. Moreover, it is the film made just in the core of those events, the Rome of the mid-1940s. All latest movies on WWII, though very well made, seem pale and only acted when comparing to this one. Let me discuss the movie in more details.

ROMA CITTA APERTA is a true INSIGHT into various CHARACTERS in their hard REALITIES that force them to particular deeds. They all cope with resistance from the German fascists who divided Rome into 14 zones and control it. The characters range from the simple Il Sagrestano, the engaged couple Francesco and Pina, young boys, devoted Padre Pietro, performer Marina to the most "wanted" man Giorgio Manfredi (a true character, the Communist Celeste Negavilla). They all cope with individual dramas combined with psychological tiredness: Pina plans to set up a family, yet fatal events of hatred do not allow for her happiness; one of the boys badly seeks a father, yet the army of death does not accept fathers or sons; some want careers as performers, yet the times force service to blind propaganda only; good Christians want to live with dignity and love, yet, the world can only offer humiliation and hatred in return. The satanic patience of the Nazis seems to win. And here arises a question: are they all forced to do things they'd never do?... That profound development of characters, though may seem too harsh for Germans, occurs to be especially thought provoking and psychological.

ROMA CITTA APERTA is filled with GENUINELY TOUCHING MOMENTS. Except for the final scene - the symbol of the movie when the sad boys walk to the city of Rome just after the execution=martyrdom of their earthly angelic tutor, Padre Pietro; I'll never forget Pina's death: supposedly so unnecessary as a loss of life but truly so significant as a cry for freedom and dignity. Anna Magnani does a terrific job in this scene, you as a viewer seem to shout with her in despair: "Francesco!" Another great moment is when Marcello, Pina's son, asks Francesco "Can I call you father?" This seems to symbolize that simple affection never dies and remains a genuine sign of hope in the world of madness and hatred. Besides, who can forget the moment when Francesco places hope in Pina that the future would bring life anew, dreams anew, happiness more stable. Throughout these moments, there is an intense atmosphere, something that keeps you on your chair speechless.

ROMA CITTA APERTA stands out as a movie with a very clever and profound SCRIPT. It thrilled me when Bergmann, with satanic irony, says to Padre Pietro "I DO NOT care about your rules!" and Padre answers calmly "But the One above you and me DOES" Hartmann's reflections on Nazis' deeds constitute an accurate psychology of doubt even among these "monsters". His character also atones a bit for the image of the Germans. But the final words about living and dying in dignity are the quintessential of the movie and leave a timeless message. But all the word "masterwork" sums up in another crucial aspect.

ROMA CITTA APERTA is one great harmony of flawless PERFORMANCES. Who comes to view as the superior cast is of course the unforgettable Anna Magnani. Her symbolic role of Pina representing the despair of the nation is one of the greatest masterpieces one can encounter in the history of cinema. I do not exaggerate: Anna does something above flawless acting: she IS Pina! Aldo Fabrizi gives a profound performance as Il Padre stressing right Christian attitude filled with love, justice, openness. Harry Feist does a terrific job as wretched Nazi officer Bergmann and Maria Michi as Marina of the Piburtina Street. This film deserves to bear a name "masterpiece" thanks to performances alone.

ROMA CITTA APERTA is undeniably one of the most precious pearls of human thought in cinema. It lifts up the mind and soul, beside all its content of war, death and cruelty, it still fills our minds with hope of the better world. Yet, eternal walk of humanity towards the gates of peace has not finished yet. However, as long as there are viewers who acquire the spirit of this movie, such walk does not occur in vain.

Oh Rome, the Eternal City, the Beloved City, the Historic Treasure of Humanity, Open Your Gates to Peace, Open the Gates of All Human Hearts!

12 of 22 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you? | Report this
Review this title | See all 63 user reviews »

Contribute to This Page

'Black Panther' Star Winston Duke and Guillermo del Toro

Black Panther star Winston Duke takes us behind the scenes of Marvel's record-breaking movie, and Guillermo del Toro reminisces about Pan's Labyrinth's past Oscar success.

Watch the show