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Rome, Open City (1945)

Roma città aperta (original title)
Approved | | Drama, War | 27 September 1945 (Italy)
During the Nazi occupation of Rome in 1944, resistance leader Giorgio Manfredi is chased by Nazis and he seeks refuge and escape.

Director:

Writers:

(screenplay), (collaboration on screenplay) | 4 more credits »
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Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 7 wins. See more awards »
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Cast

Complete credited cast:
Aldo Fabrizi ...
...
Pina
Marcello Pagliero ...
Giorgio Manfredi aka Luigi Ferraris
Vito Annichiarico ...
Piccolo Marcello
Nando Bruno ...
Agostino the Sexton
Harry Feist ...
Major Bergmann
Giovanna Galletti ...
Ingrid
Francesco Grandjacquet ...
Francesco
Eduardo Passarelli ...
Neighborhood Police Sergeant (as Passarelli)
Maria Michi ...
Marina Mari
Carla Rovere ...
Lauretta
Carlo Sindici ...
Police Commissioner
Joop van Hulzen ...
Captain Hartmann (as Van Hulzen)
Ákos Tolnay ...
Austrian Deserter (as A. Tolnay)
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Storyline

The location: Nazi occupied Rome. As Rome is classified an open city, most Romans can wander the streets without fear of the city being bombed or them being killed in the process. But life for Romans is still difficult with the Nazi occupation as there is a curfew, basic foods are rationed, and the Nazis are still searching for those working for the resistance and will go to any length to quash those in the resistance and anyone providing them with assistance. War worn widowed mother Pina is about to get married to her next door neighbor Francesco. Despite their situation - Pina being pregnant, and Francesco being an atheist - Pina and Francesco will be wed by Catholic priest Don Pietro Pelligrini. The day before the wedding, Francesco's friend, Giorgio Manfredi, who Pina has never met, comes looking for Francesco as he, working for the resistance, needs a place to hide out. For his latest mission, Giorgio also requests the assistance of Don Pietro, who is more than willing as he sees... Written by Huggo

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis

Genres:

Drama | War

Certificate:

Approved | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

 »
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Details

Country:

Language:

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Release Date:

27 September 1945 (Italy)  »

Also Known As:

Roma, ciudad abierta  »

Company Credits

Production Co:

 »
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Technical Specs

Runtime:

Sound Mix:

(Western Electric Recording)

Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
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Did You Know?

Trivia

Finnish censorship visa register # 043399. See more »

Quotes

Hartman: 25 years ago, I commanded firing squads in France. I was a young officer. I believed then, too, in a German "master-race." But the French patriots also died without talking. We Germans simply refuse to believe that people want to be free.
Major Bergman: [Taken aback] You're drunk, Hartman!
Hartman: Yes, I'm drunk... I get drunk every night to forget. It doesn't help. We can't get anywhere but kill, kill, kill! We have sown Europe with corpses... and from those graves rises an incredible hate... HATE!... everywhere hate...
[...]
See more »

Connections

Featured in Ingrid Bergman in Her Own Words (2015) See more »

Soundtracks

Mallinata Fiorentina
Composed by Giovanni D'Anzi
Lyrics by Galdieri
(1941)
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User Reviews

 
Rome, Neorealist City

Rome after the Second World War was a damaged, destroyed city. The huge film industry that had once been known all over Europe was, quite literally, in ruins.

Hence, when Roberto Rossellini took up his camera in 1945 to start shooting 'Open City', he was forced to make due with quite a few limitations: using scavenged film stock, whatever kind he could get his hands on; shooting outside and on location; and employing a much more dynamic, though much less controlled, form of cinematography than Italian cinema had previously seen. The result was an unpolished, rough gem of a film that, in addition to its many contributions to the evolution of cinema, left the pre-war Italian super-spectacle in the dust.

In terms of story, 'Open City' is pure melodrama; and a pretty, darn affecting one at that. Thematically, it's socialist, a reaction against the fascism, personified by Mussolini, that had just been defeated in Italy. But, it is in its style that the film truly stands out.

With 'Open City', Rossellini succeeded in taking adverse conditions and using them to craft a solid, emotional tale of the Italian resistance. In the process, he solidified the aesthetic of an entire film movement: Italian Neorealism.

The film is recommended to anyone who enjoys a good story, is interesting as an artifact of its historical period, and is absolutely indispensable to anyone with at least a passing interest in the history of cinema.


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