45 user 11 critic

Caesar and Cleopatra (1945)

Approved | | Biography, Comedy, Drama | 6 September 1946 (USA)
At the height of the Roman Civil War, a young Cleopatra meets a middle-aged Julius Caesar who teaches her how to rule Egypt.



(scenario) (as Bernard Shaw), (dialogue) (as Bernard Shaw)

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Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 1 nomination. See more awards »



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Cast overview, first billed only:
Francis L. Sullivan ...
Basil Sydney ...
Raymond Lovell ...
Anthony Eustrel ...
Anthony Harvey ...
Robert Adams ...
Olga Edwardes ...
Harda Swanhilde ...


Cleopatra hasn't been on the throne of the pharoahs of Egypt very long when Julius Caesar pays a visit. Caesar finds the prospect of romance more tempting than he expected, since Cleopatra is a rare woman who is bright as well as beautiful. And for Cleopatra, a friendly relationship with the most powerful man in the world may pay dividends in the future. Written by Dale O'Connor <daleoc@interaccess.com>

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


Days of magnificent adventure... nights of maddest revelry... a temptation in Technicolor! See more »


Approved | See all certifications »




Release Date:

6 September 1946 (USA)  »

Also Known As:

César e Cleópatra  »

Filming Locations:


Box Office


£1,278,000 (estimated)

Company Credits

Show detailed on  »

Technical Specs


| (Encore-Action Library Print)

Sound Mix:

(Western Electric Recording)



Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
See  »

Did You Know?


The score for the film was originally composed by Sir Arthur Bliss, the later Master of the Queen's Music. However, director Gabriel Pascal wanted a "French-sounding" score, so Bliss' music was replaced with a score composed by Georges Auric. Decades later, Chandos Records recorded a suite from Bliss' rejected score. See more »


In Caesar's first scene, he appears under a night sky full of clouds and bright stars. The clouds don't move at all and the stars shine bright through them, giving away the fact it's a painted backdrop with lights. Also, very strong shadows exist giving away the use of stage lighting. See more »


Apollodorus: When a stupid man is doing something he is ashamed of, he always declares it his duty.
See more »


Featured in Great Performances: Laurence Olivier: A Life (1983) See more »

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User Reviews

Little part - HISTORY, considerable part - GEORGE B. SHAW; most part - VIVIEN LEIGH
11 November 2005 | by (Cieszyn, Poland) – See all my reviews

CAESAR AND CLEOPATRA (1945), based on George Bernard Shaw's play and directed by Gabriel Pascal, is a very unique movie that combines all precious aspects of film art. It is not purely a historical movie since it contains a lot of inaccuracies that appear to be illogical from a historical perspective. Nevertheless, one has to analyze it in a deeper understanding, taking into account other factors that make the film a precious piece of post-war cinema. Therefore, it is impossible to see it without the consideration of other aspects, or more clearly, other figures that significantly affect the movie in general: George Bernard Shaw with his style filled with wit and elegance; and Vivien Leigh with her extraordinary acting skills. Let me consider the three aforementioned aspects: history, Shaw and Leigh.

HISTORY: It is true that if you know Cleopatra's story and the events connected with the Roman conquest over Egypt, you will feel confused or even disappointed with the content of this film. Cleopatra definitely did not learn to be a queen from Caesar that much as she does here. She was a very intelligent woman with "foxy" plans as for Caesar and Rome(in this case, I would recommend CLEOPATRA by DeMille (1934) or by Mankiewicz (1963). The film by Pascal presents, in part justifiably, a total mess in Egypt that Caesar finds when he steps into its politics. This is proved by the way Cleopatra and her brother Ptolemy are showed

  • two kids rather than rulers who compete for power. However, there are

some strong historical points in the film that must be seen together with shortcomings. First, the film very well presents the Romans together with their leader Julius Caesar wonderfully played by Claude Rains. There is a very realistic scene of Roman legions entering Alexandria, the capital of Egypt. I also liked the way Caesar's personality is developed - someone who is full of contradictions rather than an "almighty" conqueror. These aspects make the film more authentic and ancient heroes more humane. However, it cannot be treated as a historical work for sure.

GEORGE BERNARD SHAW: But all must be thanked not only to the director but to this great classic playwright. G.B. Shaw is noticeable throughout, particularly through magnificent elegance. The director, Gabriel Pascal, really retains everything that one can find in Shaw's play. Therefore, any Shaw's fan, including the one with richest imagination will not be disappointed thanks to the marvelous elegance in this movie. In other words, the pictures of the film will not leave anything else to wish. The lavish sets, the costumes, simply BEAUTY noticeable in most of the scenes! Wit is another aspect. This is most effective in the scenes with Caesar and Cleopatra. "You will soon learn how to govern" says Cleopatra to mighty Caesar after a day or two of his lessons of ruling. Or the jumps into the sea (Apollodorus, Caesar and .... Cleopatra) - quite unique!

VIVIEN LEIGH: Before seeing the film, I did not expect her to be as good as her Scarlett O'Hara in GONE WITH THE WIND (1939). Now I must say that she is better as Cleopatra. Vivien gives a marvelous performance as a girl dreaming of a handsome man with strong arms who could protect her, and as a girl who later changes into a courageous, mighty queen. "If one man in all Alexandria can be found to say I did wrong, I swear to have myself be crucified on the door of the palace by my own slaves," which she says to Caesar after ordering Pothinus to be killed. And how wonderfully she plays one of the first scenes when she, in very unpredictable circumstances, finds out that the stranger she met at the Sphynx and with whom she talked so trust-worthily, is Caesar himself. UNFORGETTABLE! A lot of people associate only Liz Taylor with film Cleopatra. Not to mention Claudette Colbert, it is a pity they don't find Leigh's performance as worth highest attention.

It would be unfair to skip one more factor: other cast. Vivien shines in her role but others do very good jobs as well. Claude Rains is a very different Caesar than in most other films (actors who played him were, among others, Rex Harrison, William Warren, Fritz Leibner). But he is unforgettable, his face reflects a spirit of antiquity. Flora Robson who gives a memorable performance of Cleopatra's bossy servant Ftatateeta, stresses rather male features of character. She does it wonderfully through her gestures and low voice. And Francis L Sullivan as Pothinus - really worth attention!

All in all, there are many other aspects that make the movie highly recommended. Of course, it is difficult to mention everything in one review. All I can say at the end of my review is:

Do see the film!

If you are Shaw's fan, you will find his spirit throughout.

If you are Vivien Leigh's fan, you will be absolutely amazed by her performance.

If you are fond of historical, lavish epics, there will definitely be something wonderful that you will appreciate in CAESAR AND CLEOPATRA. 8/10!

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