How Green Was My Valley (1941) Poster


The film was shot in black and white because the color of flowers in Southern California did not match those found in Wales.
For the scene where the miners greet their women by putting their earnings in baskets, actress Maureen O'Hara stopped the scene's filming once she noticed that her basket was a modern Kraft basket and not a basket of the movie's period. Director John Ford was so upset by being corrected in front of the cast and crew that he closed down the set and told O'Hara to wait on a nearby hill until he called for her. Fuming, O'Hara waited an hour before an assistant came to retrieve her but was satisfied to see that the basket had been changed upon her return.
Plans to film in Wales were abandoned due to WWII; an 80-acre set was built in the Santa Monica Mountains at Brent's Crags, near Malibu. The design of the village was based on the real Cerrig Ceinnen and nearby Clyddach-cum Tawe in Wales.
Two major factors entered into the decision to shoot the film in Southern California: (1) the continuous bombing of Britain by the Nazis; (2) the nervousness of Fox executives about the film's pro-union storyline. These factors, and William Wyler's reputation for perfectionism, swayed Fox to keep the filming done in the U.S.
John Ford became the first director to win three Academy Awards for Best Director, having previously won for The Informer (1935) and _The Grapes of Wrath_. 11 years later he would win his fourth for The Quiet Man (1952), a record unmatched by any other director.
Darryl F. Zanuck originally intended the film to be a four-hour epic to rival Gone with the Wind (1939).
John Ford referred to Philip Dunne's script as "nearly perfect a script as could be possible".
"How Green Was My Valley" famously beat Orson Welles 'Citizen Kane' to an Oscar.
Roddy McDowall is credited in the opening credits as Master Roddy McDowall, but the "Master" is omitted in the end credits.
Sara Allgood clashed repeatedly with John Ford during the making of the film, something the director found rather unsettling as he wasn't used to having his authority questioned. Nevertheless her performance was recognized by the Academy with a Best Supporting Actress nomination.
Roddy McDowall had only been in America for two weeks before being cast in the leading role of Huw. He had been evacuated from Great Britain with his mother and sister to keep out of harm's way of Hitler's bombardment of the country.
Maureen O'Hara was 19 years old at the time of filming.
With 10 Academy Award nominations, this was the most nominated film of its year.
William Wyler was all set to direct on location in Wales, and Laurence Olivier, Katharine Hepburn and Tyrone Power were all being courted for parts in the film.
William Wyler went off to make The Little Foxes (1941) instead.
It took only two months to make the film.
Donald Crisp and Sara Allgood were always first choice to play the father and mother.
The songs sung by the male voices are all authentic Welsh. The song sung at the opening is "Men of Harlech".
Darryl F. Zanuck paid $300,000 for the rights to the novel.
Cyfartha's final line, "'Tis a coward I am, but I will hold your coat," was added by Ford himself over the objections of screenwriter Philip Dunne.
When the movie was intended to be a four-hour epic Tyrone Power was going to play Huw as an adult.
The title of the novel appears in two sentences. It is first used in Chapter XXX, after the narrator has just had his first sexual experience. He sits up to "look down in the valley." He then reflects: "How green was my Valley that day, too, green and bright in the sun." Needless to say, this sexual experience was cut out of the film. The phrase is used again in the novel's last sentence: "How green was my Valley then, and the Valley of them that have gone."
The author continued the story about Huw Morgan's life in 3 sequels. 'Up into the Singing Mountain' (1960) in which Huw emigrates to Argentina; 'Down Where the Moon is Small' (1966), Huw's life in Welsh-speaking parts of Argentina; and 'Green, Green My Valley Now' (1975), in which Huw returns to Wales. None of these have been made into films, and 'How Green Was My Valley' is still the most consistently popular novel of the series.
In the book, the Morgan family includes another two daughters: Ceridwen (older than Huw) and Olwen, the youngest in the Morgan clan. Neither appear in the film.
John Ford often referred to this film as his favorite.
Anna Lee discovered she was pregnant halfway through filming and made a point of not telling John Ford about her condition for fear of losing her role.
The biggest grossing film of 1941.
The poster from the mine managers telling the miners that their wages were being cut mistakenly uses the American spelling of "labor". It would never be spelled that way in rural Wales; instead it would have used the British version "labour".
The author of the novel, Richard Llewellyn had claimed to have based the book on his own knowledge of the Gilfach Goch area, but this was proven false, as Llewellyn was English-born and spent little time in Wales. As it turned out, he had actually gathered his facts from conversations with local mining families.
As well as this film, the book has twice been adapted by the BBC as a serial for television, in 1960 and 1975. The 1975 production - scripted by Elaine Morgan - starred Stanley Baker, Siân Phillips, and Nerys Hughes. It was also adapted as a Broadway musical, called A Time for Singing, which opened at the Broadway Theatre, New York, on May 21, 1966. The music was by John Morris; book and lyrics were by Gerald Freedman and John Morris. The production was directed by Mr. Freedman, and it starred Ivor Emmanuel, Tessie O'Shea, Shani Wallis, and Laurence Naismith.
Dennis Hoey (I) is in studio records as an actor in the film How Green Was My Valley (1941) but was not seen and uncredited, and was therefore deleted from the cast.
When Huw is leaning against Mr. G after he's learned to walk again, there is a real fly that lands on Mr.G's hand. Not planned.
150 builders took six months to construct Richard Day's elaborate set design.
Alexander Knox was Fox's first choice for the part of Dr Gruffyd, later played by Walter Pidgeon.
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"Lux Radio Theater" broadcast a 60 minute radio adaptation of the movie on September 21, 1942 with Walter Pidgeon, Donald Crisp, Maureen O'Hara, Roddy McDowall and Sara Allgood reprising their film roles.
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Roddy McDowall's screen test, which won him a Fox contract, was directed by William Wyler. Mr. Gruffydd was played by Alexander Knox in the test.
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"Lux Radio Theater" broadcast a 60 minute radio adaptation of the movie on March 31, 1947 with Donald Crisp again reprising his film role.
"Lux Radio Theater" broadcast a 60 minute radio adaptation of the movie on September 28, 1954 with Donald Crisp again reprising his film role.
"The Screen Guild Theater" broadcast a 30 minute radio adaptation of the movie on March 22, 1942 with Sara Allgood, Donald Crisp, 'Roddy McDowall', Maureen O'Hara and Walter Pidgeon reprising their film roles performing with Rhys Williams.

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