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Who Killed Santa Claus? (1941)
"L'assassinat du Père Noël" (original title)

 -  Comedy | Drama | Mystery  -  22 April 1948 (USA)
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Ratings: 7.1/10 from 207 users  
Reviews: 4 user | 1 critic

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Complete credited cast:
Harry Baur ...
Gaspard Cornusse
Renée Faure ...
Catherine Cornusse
Marie-Hélène Dasté ...
La mère Michel
Raymond Rouleau ...
Le baron Roland de la Faille
Robert Le Vigan ...
Léon Villard, le maître d'école (as Le Vigan)
Noirgoutte, le maire
Jean Brochard ...
Jean Parédès ...
Kappel, le sacristain (as Jean Paredes)
Héléna Manson ...
Marie Coquillot (as Helena Manson)


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Comedy | Drama | Mystery


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Release Date:

22 April 1948 (USA)  »

Also Known As:

Who Killed Santa Claus?  »

Company Credits

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Technical Specs


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Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
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Did You Know?


Was the first film produced by Continental Films, the infamous French production company financed by the Germans. See more »


La mère Michel: Everyone, everyday, loses a piece of life.
See more »


Referenced in Safe Conduct (2002) See more »

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User Reviews

A Rare, remarkable, and controversial film from occupied France
26 December 2000 | by (United States) – See all my reviews

This was the first film that the Nazis allowed to be made in France after the occupation and installation of the Vichy government. Many denounced its director as a collaborator because he made a film sanctioned by the Nazis. But to the discerning eye, this unusual film does anything but cooperate with the enemy.

In its fairy-tale setting, the various characters appear as symbols in a constantly shifting allegory of good and evil. The literal-minded Nazi censors apparently didn't get the message, because any particular character might appear in one scene as a symbol of the collaborators, and in the next as a loyalist and supporter of resistance. Even as the symbolic alignments shifted too rapidly for the Nazis to detect them (much the way resistance fighters themselves often had to) the message of hope and patriotism and faith remained quite clear.

The story concerns an old globe-maker who is mysteriously killed while going through the town portraying Pere Noel ("Father Christmas" aka Santa Claus). The unraveling of the mystery is entwined with a love story concerning an aloof nobleman who might be a scoundrel, or might be Prince Charming. But the story is little more than a pretext for the message and the pervasive sense of magic that the film weaves.;

Of special note is the performance of Harry Baur, the famous Yiddish actor, as the Globemaker. His subtly Jewish Santa Claus is, in and of itself, a bold act of resistance. This was the next to last film Baur made. He was soon taken prison by the Nazis and reportedly died at the hands of the Gestapo.

I saw this film in 1980 when the Cinematheque Francaise sent a huge program of films to Los Angeles in collaboration with UCLA and The L.A. County Museum of Art. I do not know of it being shown in this country since. I have heard of an untranslated VHS of it being in existence, but I have been unable to find it. Do not miss this film if you are afforded a chance to see it.

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