Juarez (1939)

Approved  |   |  Biography, Drama, History  |  10 June 1939 (USA)
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Louis Napoleon III takes advantage of the American Civil War to circumvent the Monroe Doctrine and expand his power by helping Emperor Maximillian Hapsburg to add Mexico to his empire. of Mexico.



(screen play), (screen play) (as Aeneas MacKenzie) , 3 more credits »
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Nominated for 2 Oscars. See more awards »



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Cast overview, first billed only:
Marechal Bazaine
Alejandro Uradi
Col. Miguel Lopez
Henry O'Neill ...
Miguel Miramon
Dr. Samuel Basch
Walter Kingsford ...
Georgia Caine ...
Lady in Waiting
Montagu Love ...
Jose de Montares


The newly-named Emperor Maximillian, the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire, arrives in Mexico in the early 1860s with his wife Carlotta to face popular sentiment favoring Benito Juarez and popular demand for democracy. With an elite group of Mexican monarchists, Maximillian tries to appease the democratic Mexicans but he fails. Abraham Lincoln continues to support Juarez and asks the French to withdraw support for Maximilian. Carlotta goes to France to plead with Napoleon III, to no avail. Written by Ed Stephan <stephan@cc.wwu.edu>

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Release Date:

10 June 1939 (USA)  »

Also Known As:

Juárez  »

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Technical Specs


| (Turner library print) | (original release)

Sound Mix:

Aspect Ratio:

1.37 : 1
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Did You Know?


An English-language version of Franz Werfel's play titled "Juarez and Maximilian" opened on Broadway at the Guild Theatre on October 11, 1926, and ran for 48 performances. This stage version's cast included Alfred Lunt and Edward G. Robinson. The film is an extremely loose adaptation of Werfel's play. Juarez never appears in the stage version. The only one of Werfel's works to be quite faithfully adapted into a Hollywood film was "The Song of Bernadette", filmed in 1943 as The Song of Bernadette (1943). Werfel's play "Jacobowsky and the Colonel" was filmed by Hollywood as a Danny Kaye vehicle and re-titled Me and the Colonel (1958). See more »


When Napoleon lll is informed in a letter that Robert E. Lee has been defeated at Gettysburg, he responds by paraphrasing Lincoln's famous Gettysburg Address by calling democracy as government for the people, by the people, etc. He couldn't have known Lincoln's rhetorical flourish because the actual speech was given until mid November 1863. See more »


Emperor Louis Napoleon III: Democracy! Government of the cattle, by the cattle, for the cattle!
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Referenced in Hollywood Hist-o-Rama: Paul Muni (1962) See more »


My Country Tis of Thee
Music attributed to Henry Carey (1744)
Played as part of the score when America is mentioned
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User Reviews

Aherne Shines!
3 February 2004 | by (West Virginia) – See all my reviews

Brian Aherne, as the Emperor Maximillian, is the strongest thing going for this historical film depicting the failed attempt by Louis Napoleon to create a puppet government in Mexico. The rest of the casting is uneven at best. John Garfield is badly miscast as Diaz, as is that great character actor Donald Crisp. Paul Muni playing the Zapotac Indian, Benito Juarez, manages to just look stoic and sullen and is not called upon to do much acting. Maybe it's the makeup! Claude Rains and Gale Sondergaard are outstanding as Napoleon III and his queen Eugenie and they play at the devious political game with just the right amount of intrigue.

The film is historically correct and that is part of the problem. The filmmakers put every incident that led to the fall of Maximillian into the story and the film drags on and on. It's more information that we need to know.

There are mixed opinions on the Bette Davis portrayal of Empress Carlotta, the unstable wife of Maximillian. Hers is an interesting story but Davis may not have put enough incipient madness into her characterization.

On the whole,this is a pretty good history lesson with no Hollywood happy ending tacked on, that tells of a well meaning, gentle man who was badly used by the French emperor, sent to rule a people of whom he knew nothing, in a land where he was not wanted. And Aherne absolutely is perfect for the part.....he is the star of this film.

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