IMDb > Camicia nera (1933)

Camicia nera (1933) More at IMDbPro »


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Release Date:
23 March 1933 (Italy) See more »
User Reviews:
Propaganda piece praising Mussolini and Italian Fascism. See more (1 total) »

Cast

  (in credits order)
Enrico Marroni ... Il marinaio
Antonietta Mecale ... La moglie del fabbro
Enrico Da Rosa ... Il fabbro
Guido Petri ... Il suocero
Lamberto Patacconi ... Il figlio a 4 anni
Pino Locchi ... Il figlio a 8 anni
Vinicio Sofia ... Il sovversivo
Renato Tofone ... Don Venanzio, il parroco
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Avelio Bandoni ... Un combattente
Leo Bartoli ... Un combattente
Annibale Betrone ... Il sindaco
Luisella Ciocca ... Una popalana romana
Attila Della Spora ... Un combattente
Giovanni Ferrari ... Un combattente
Loris Gizzi ... Un acceso sovversivo
Anna Konopleff

Directed by
Giovacchino Forzano 
 
Writing credits
(in alphabetical order)
Giovacchino Forzano  story and screenplay

Produced by
Giovacchino Forzano .... producer
Eugenio Fontana .... executive producer (uncredited)
 
Original Music by
Gian Luca Tocchi 
 
Cinematography by
Mario Albertelli 
Eugenio Bava 
Mario Craveri 
Ercole Granata 
Giulio Rufini 
 
Film Editing by
Mario Bonotti 
Giovacchino Forzano 
 
Production Design by
Antonio Valente 
 
Makeup Department
Ettorre Marini .... makeup artist
 
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Piero Cocco .... assistant director
 
Sound Department
Giuseppe Caracciolo .... sound
 
Camera and Electrical Department
Alfredo Lenci .... camera operator
Tino Santoni .... camera operator
 

Production CompaniesDistributors

Additional Details

Also Known As:
Runtime:
Italy:73 min
Country:
Language:
Sound Mix:
Mono (Tobis-Klangfilm)

Did You Know?

Trivia:
The film was simultaneously released in all major Italian cities as well as in all capitals of Europe.See more »

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5 out of 5 people found the following review useful.
Propaganda piece praising Mussolini and Italian Fascism., 30 June 2004
Author: Gerald A. DeLuca (italiangerry@gmail.com) from United States

"Camicia Nera" or "Black Shirt" is a staged propaganda documentary/drama tracing the rise of Fascism in Italy and and made to celebrate its tenth year. Made from the Fascist point of view, it is an attempt to praise all the purported achievements of that regime from 1922 to the year 1932.

It starts with Italy as it had been in the year 1914, as World War I was about to explode. The focus is on a family living in substandard dwellings in the malarial region of the Pontine Marshes, south of Rome. The main character is a blacksmith who must go off to war. His family and his little son will miss him and await his return. But he is injured and suffers from amnesia at the end of the war, hospitalized in Germany.

The return of the veterans is shown against a background of social turmoil, with the enemies of society being the socialists and their general strikes. Enter Benito Mussolini and his "fasci di combattimento" militias (thugs, actually) who strike at the Socialists and who, in their view, will bring about the salvation of Italy from chaos…the Fascist State!

That state will oversee the society like a loving father from birth to death. The youth are enrolled in regimented "Balilla" groups. The Concordat is signed with Pope Pius XI, making the Vatican an independent state, a program of public works is instituted, the Pontine mashes of our blacksmith hero (who finally returns to his family) are drained and the water shunted into canals.

New housing goes up to replace the hovels the peasants had lived in. Emigrants who had left the country during hard times now are seen as returning joyously to rebuild the nation. The Fascist anthem of Italy, "Giovinezza" - "Youth," is sung everywhere. Fascist Italy has reached its tenth year.

For what the film is, a self-laudatory propaganda piece, the film manages to maintain a good deal of interest. Many of the scenes shot for the film are well photographed, particularly those of the agricultural areas, although he sound isn't up to snuff for that period.

Dictator Benito Mussolini's speech near the end, filled with his typical arrogant bluster, is interesting to watch. This is a period in which he was widely revered by the Italian nation, and many foreigners as well. The U.S. ambassador to Italy, Richard Washburn Child, even wrote an introduction to Mussolini's autobiography, that praised him to the sky! With hindsight, of course, we can look at him and wonder what he would have thought if he had been able to see himself about thirteen years hence when he would be nabbed by partisans as he was attempting to flee Italy in German uniform, then shot and strung up from a gas station beam in Milan and vilified by the crowds.

Another film of the period praising the Fascists was Alessandro Blasetti's 1934 "Vecchia Guardia" which was more of a dramatic piece than this earlier work made by Giovacchino Forzano.

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