The Maltese Falcon (1931)
The black bird statuette is visible in Alan Hale's office
Referenced by name during Cornfed's case wrap up.
Mulder's response towards the "Gimp" roughing him up in the interrogation scene is almost identical to Sam Spade's response to Wilmer Cook when Spade is roughed up by Cook in a scene in The Maltese Falcon. Also, after the initial confrontations by these characters (Mulder and the Gimp/ Spade and Cook), they continually tell other characters throughout their respective stories to "Keep him away from me!" A similar scene is found in both the remakes of "The Maltese Falcon" as well.
Amy asks Dawson to name a truly original movie by a first-time director.
also directed by Roy Del Ruth