Battleship Potemkin (1925) Poster

Alternate Versions

Eisenstein's original cut opened with an unattributed quote from Leon Trotsky's "1905" (The spirit of mutiny swept the land. A tremendous, mysterious process was taking place in countless hearts: the individual personality became dissolved in the mass, and the mass itself became dissolved in the revolutionary élan"). This was removed by Soviet censors in 1934 and replaced by the now-familiar quotation from V.I. Lenin's "Revolutionary Days" ("Revolution is war. Of all the wars known in history, it is the only lawful, rightful, just and truly great war...In Russia this war has been declared and won"). The original text was restored in 2004.
In 2007, Stiftung Deutsche Kinemathek, Berlin, copyrighted a reconstruction of the Russian premiere version, with English titles copyrighted by Kino International Corp., and using Edmund Meisel's 1926 music score (written for the German version) played by the German Filmorchestra Babelsberg. That version had no cast list other than: Members of the Proletkult Theaters, Sailors of the Black Sea Fleet, The Sebastopol Fisherman's Union and the Inhabitants of Odessa.
The version that premiered in Berlin in April 1926 (under the auspices of Prometheus Films) was heavily censored under pressure from the Weimar authorities. Nearly a hundred feet of footage was cut (the equivalent of more than 50 shots) as well as a number of title cards. This version "became the basis for the copies that traveled to the United States and England, where they were further censored." Moreover, the Prometheus negative was returned from Germany to the USSR after the Second World War, and became "the source for official export prints from 1949 on".
The Kino International restoration, overseen by Enno Patalas and Anna Bohn with support from film museums in Berlin, London, and Moscow, premiered at the 2005 Berlin International Film Festival, then was released on DVD in 2009 and Blu-ray in 2010. In 2011 it ran theatrically in New York City and other major cities in the United States and Canada on the "cinematheque" circuit.
Version released on video by "Republic Pictures" has the edited version of the Odessa Steps sequence. The version released on DVD by Image Entertainment features the unedited (and more dramatic) version of the sequence. Scenes cut included shots of the shot boy being trampled on by the other citizens as well as a shot of the old lady, who suggests to talk to the soldiers, with her eye shot out.

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