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Funny Faces to Toy Story: five milestones in film animation

1 July 2010 12:00 AM, PDT | The Guardian - Film News | See recent The Guardian - Film News news »

Silent cartoons, Disney features, Japanese fantasies and Pixar's digital innovations

1906 J Stuart Blackton is credited with being the first to harness stop-motion film-making to basic animation in what is widely said to be the first animated film: Humorous Phases of Funny Faces. Blackton drew cartoon faces on a blackboard and filmed them, stopping the camera in order to erase one face and draw another, before filming the new drawing.

1917 Quirino Cristiani's satire El Apóstol (The Apostle), thought to be the first full-length animated movie, is released in Argentina. It ran at around 70 minutes and comprised 58,000 frames, but all known copies of the film were lost in a fire in 1926.

1937 Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is the first surviving full-length animated movie. It was also the first in colour, and marked the studio's feature-length debut. Disney's wife, Lillian, apparently tried to talk him out of it, saying: »

- Ryan Gilbey

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