In this 18-minute educational video by FilmmakerIQ, John Hess details the history of the cinematic aspect ratio, from 4:3 to 16:9, 1.85:1 to 2.39:1.
Here is a timeline of each aspect ratio as well as some notable films that utilized them.
Original Silent Film (1892) - 1.33:1
- Established by William Dickson and Thomas Edison Academy Ratio (1932) - 1.37:1
- All sound films from 1932 to 1955 were shot in Academy ratio Cinerama (1952) - 2.59:1
- This is Cinerama, The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm CinemaScope (1953) - 2.35:1
- The Robe, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, The Seven Year Itch VistaVision (1954) - 1.85:1
- White Christmas, To Catch a Thief, North by Northwest Todd-ao (1955) - 2.20:1
- Oklahoma!, Cleopatra, The Sound of Music MGM Camera 65 (1957) - 2.76:1
- Raintree County, Ben-Hur Ultra Panavision 70 (1957) - 2.76:1
- How the West Was Won, It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World,