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Biography

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Mini Bio (1)

Roger Daltrey formed the Detours in 1962, with several member changes and role swaps abound, John Entwistle joined. Sometime later, on John's recommendation, Pete Townshend was added to the line up. In the meantime, The Detours had become a four-piece band; the drummer was changed with Keith Moon during early 1964.

The High Numbers, as the four musicians were now calling themselves, had become a Mod band, with the help of new manager Pete Meaden. The name fluctuated between The High Numbers and The Who; the High Numbers was quickly abandoned and The Who was born.

As their popularity gained momentum, by being one of the better live acts on the circuit and with Pete destroying his guitars, and Keith with his drums too, on stage, this gave them maximum publicity with the predominantly working class audience that had come to see them.

As the sixties drew to a close, the Hippy movement had swamped the World, with its ideology of Tune In, Turn On and Drop Out. This was to climax in one of the World's most famous of music festivals, Woodstock the Music and Arts Fair, in August 1969. The Who played here, in front of an average crowd of 300,000 plus. This performance catapulted them into the American market and World domination, mainly because the whole festival was filmed and released in major cinemas within the year. This was also done with the help of their highly controversial double concept album from 1969, Tommy.

What followed was a live album, Live at Leeds, from Leeds University, England, and recorded on Valentines Day night, 1970.

Quadrophenia, the concept album about a 1960s Mod, came out in 1973. This double album came with its own problems, such as playing with backing tapes at the live concerts. It was soon abandoned. Other albums followed as well as concerts, during the earlier 1970s.

But as the money came pouring in, the four members took individual lives and sometimes concerts and albums were far between, the most noticeable difference was with Keith Moon, his over indulgence in drugs and drink were taking their toll. He put on too much weight and his lifestyle showed his drumming was becoming unpredictable.

Keith made his only solo album, Two Sides of The Moon, in 1975 while living in California, for MCA Records. At the age of just 32 years, he died; it was an accidental overdose of prescribed medicine, which was to help him cut down on his alcohol addiction. An irony if there ever was one.

After a short reprise, with Kenney Jones on the drums, The Who officially split up in 1982. Reforming for the 1985 Live Aid Concert at Wembley Stadium, then with a World tour of Tommy during the late eighties. There was also a tour of an an updated Quadrophenia during the mid nineties.

With the three remaining players, they toured under the name of The Who, a fine idea, until the death of John Entwistle in a Las Vegas hotel room on June 27th, 2002.

"Ladies and Gentlemen: A nice Rock n' Roll band from Shepherd's Bush London, The OO, thank you very much."

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Cinema_Fan

Trivia (9)

Ranked #9 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Rock & Roll and #8 on VH1's 100 Greatest Hard Rock Artists.
The Who were honored by the Vh1 Rock Honors in 2008 at the the Pauley Pavilion at UCLA. The concert consisted of an hour-long performance by the band as well as tributes by Incubus, Pearl Jam, Foo Fighters, The Flaming Lips, Adam Sandler and Tenacious D. An edited television broadcast of the show was aired on July 17, 2008. It included commentary from other musicians, celebrities, and The Who itself describing the band's career and impact. It is also the first program in the series to pay tribute to only one artist. Presenters included David Duchovny, Sean Penn, Rainn Wilson, Mila Kunis and Adam Sandler, who performed his own version of "Magic Bus".
In common with other British rock bands Genesis and Dire Straits, they have sold over 100 million records and released many hit singles but never had a number one in the UK Singles Chart.
The group was banned from staying at all Holiday Inn hotels following a very rowdy birthday party for drummer Keith Moon, which culminated with a Cadillac convertible being driven into the hotel's swimming pool.
Even though the band's albums were highly successful, none of them reached #1 on the Billboard charts. In fact, the highest any of their albums got was #2 and they achieved that feat twice with the albums "Quadrophenia" in 1973 and "Who Are You" in 1978. Also, the band never had a single that went to #1 on the charts and only top ten hit was "I Can See For Miles", which made it as high as #9 in 1967.
The Who won the British Phonographic Industry Award for Outstanding Contribution in 1988 and were inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame for their outstanding contribution to British music and integral part of British music culture in 2005. The Who were voted the 29th Greatest Rock 'n' Roll Artists of all time by Rolling Stone and inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990 (the same year as their contemporaries The Kinks).
The band are credited with helping to popularize the rock opera with albums such as "Tommy" and "Quadrophenia", which are two of the most successful and influential albums in rock history. Both were made into films.
The Who's 1969 album "Tommy" came third in Classic Rock Magazine's list of the 30 greatest concept albums of all time (March 2003).

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