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Eadweard Muybridge Poster

Biography

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Overview (4)

Born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England, UK
Died in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England, UK  (prostate cancer)
Birth NameEdward James Muggeridge
Nickname Father of the Motion Picture

Mini Bio (1)

Eadweard Muybridge's great breakthrough came in 1872 when he was hired by wealthy American businessman Leland Stanford, for whom Stanford University is named. Stanford was interested in whether horses lifted all legs off the ground at once during trotting and Muybridge was engaged to take photographs to settle the point. Although the experiment proved inconclusive at the time, Muybridge was re-engaged for further photographic studies in 1878. Using a battery of 12 cameras set side by side and a specially marked fence along the race track to pinpoint the horse's precise movements, Muybridge effectively created the first true study of motion. The photographs proved Stanford's claims and set the photographer on a lifelong search to create movement in photographs. This and later studies influenced a generation of French photographers (Étienne-Jules Marey, Louis Lumière and Auguste Lumière) and American Thomas A. Edison to develop apparatus that could take advantage of Muybridge's discoveries.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: KKooper (qv's & corrections by A. Nonymous)

Spouse (1)

Flora Shallcross Stone (1872 - 1875) (her death)

Trivia (3)

Pictured on one of a set of four 32¢ US commemorative postage stamps honoring "Pioneers of Communication", issued 22 February 1996. Also honored in the set are William K.L. Dickson, Ottmar Mergenthaler (inventor of the Linoype machine), and Frederick Eugene Ives (inventor of the halftone photogravure printing process).
Landscape photographer who later invented a device he called the "zoopraxiscope". The device projected a series of still pictures of running horses in a manner that suggested movement to the viewer. Thomas A. Edison saw a demonstration of the device and was inspired to develop true motion pictures.
He invented the still camera array, which predates the motion picture camera, and would later be re-popularized in The Matrix (1999).

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