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Biography

Jump to: Overview (5) | Mini Bio (1) | Spouse (2) | Trivia (40) | Personal Quotes (6)

Overview (5)

Date of Birth 28 December 1856Staunton, Virginia, USA
Date of Death 3 February 1924Washington, District of Columbia, USA  (effects of a stroke)
Birth NameThomas Woodrow Wilson
Nicknames The Professor
The Schoolmaster in Politics
The Phrasemaker
Coiner of Weasel Words
Height 5' 11" (1.8 m)

Mini Bio (1)

Woodrow Wilson was born on December 28, 1856 in Staunton, Virginia, USA as Thomas Woodrow Wilson. He was married to Edith Galt Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson. He died on February 3, 1924 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA.

Spouse (2)

Edith Galt Wilson (18 December 1915 - 3 February 1924) (his death)
Ellen Louise Axson (24 June 1885 - 6 August 1914) (her death) (3 children)

Trivia (40)

28th President of the United States, 4 March 1913 - 3 March 1921.
Was awarded the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize.
Pictured on the $1.00 US postage stamp in the Presidential Series, issued 29 August 1938.
Pictured on a US 17¢ regular-issue postage stamp issued 28 December 1925.
Pictured on the 7¢ US postage stamp in the Liberty series, issued 10 January 1956.
Pictured on one of fifteen 32¢ US commemorative postage stamps in the "Celebrate the Century" series, issued 3 February 1998, celebrating the 1910s.
A lifelong baseball fan, he was the first sitting president to attend a World Series game.
Children: Margaret Woodrow Wilson (16 April 1886 - 12 February 1944); Jessie Woodrow Wilson (28 August 1887 - 15 January 1933); Eleanor Randolph Wilson (5 October 1889 - 5 April 1967). Jessie married Francis Bowes Sayre on 25 November 1913 at the White House. They had two children, Francis, Jr. and Eleanor Axson Sayre. Eleanor married William Gibbs McAdoo on 7 May 1914 at the White House. They had two daughters, Ellen Wilson and Mary Faith McAdoo.
Elected governor of New Jersey without having held public office. Term of service: 17 January 1911 - 1 March 1913.
Interred at the Washington National Cathedral.
Met his second wife, Edith Bolling Galt, by chance at the White House. They married nine months later. When Wilson suffered a paralyzing stroke on 2 October 1919, she imposed a "stewardship" of the Presidency, serving as the only conduit to her husband until he clawed his way back to moderate health. Though she carefully controlled his days, charges that she usurped the duties of the Presidency were exaggerated.
Taught at Bryn Mawr (1885-1888) and Wesleyan (1888-1890).
Unanimously elected president of Princeton University (1902).
Was unable to read at age ten. Historians believe he suffered from a form of dyslexia.
According to PBS's American Experience documentary, Woodrow Wilson and the Birth of the American Century (2002), when he allowed his cabinet to segregate government offices, black journalist William Monroe Trotter led a delegation to meet with him. When Wilson explained that the policy was enacted not "to injure or humiliate the colored clerks, but to avoid friction," an infuriated Trotter engaged in a shouting match with the president. After he was thrown out, Trotter then re-enacted what had happened to reporters on the White House grounds. Because of Trotter's stunt, an act Wilson considered unforgivable, he refused to do anything to promote civil rights for the rest of his life. Ironically, he had won the support of many black male voters in the 1912 presidential election.
Ellen Louise Axson Wilson was the first First Lady from Georgia. She painted as a hobby and sold her work for charity. Ironically, hers is the only portrait of the First Ladies not displayed in the White House.
A member of his cabinet once addressed him as "Woody", Wilson stared at him and said "Sir? Are you speaking to me or the floorboards?"
Due to some insecurities set upon him by his mother during his childhood, Wilson had a distrust of strangers. While very warm to close friends he was known to be outwardly cold to those he did not know.
He is the only president to have held a PhD.
His first name is actually Thomas but he chose Woodrow as his professional name because he thought it sounded more authoritative.
When he ran for re-election in 1916 he ran with the campaign slogan "He kept us out of war". Five months into his second term the sinking of the Lusitania caused him to very reluctantly ask the Congress for a declaration of war against Germany.
His second wife was related to Pocahontas.
Was the first Democrat elected President during the twentieth century. He was also the first Democratic President, other than Grover Cleveland, since Andrew Johnson. Johnson was preceded by Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, and succeeded only by Republican, except Cleveland, until Wilson.
Came up with the famous term "The Great Melting Pot" referring to the United States of America.
Appears on the Series 1934 $100,000 bill. This rare U.S. currency was printed in limited quantities and was not for general circulation.
He was nominated in 2007 and 2008 for inclusion in the New Jersey Hall of Fame for his services and contributions to history.
When the Senate defeated his proposal for the League of Nations, he correctly predicted that there would be another international conflict with a generation.
When he went to the Paris peace conference in 1918, he made a proposal for an international body to handle disputes between nations by negotiation rather than force. It was called the League of Nations. This was the forerunner for the United Nations.
The first sitting President to attend a World Series game (1916) and the first President to officially throw out the first ball at a World Series game.
In his younger days he was an acquaintance of ex-Confederate general Robert E. Lee.
The only US President buried in Washington, DC.
Was a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity.
The first sitting US President to visit the Pope.
Wilson was an avid automobile enthusiast (his favorite car was his 1919 Pierce-Arrow). He became a strong advocate for federal funding for highway construction, which grew under his administration.
Created the Federal Reserve System.
He was nominated for the 2008 New Jersey Hall of Fame for his services and contributions to history.
Grandfather of Francis Sayre, who was born in the White House. Sayre later became the dean of Washington National Cathedral.
He was inducted into the 2010 New Jersey Hall of Fame for his services and contributions to history.
Was a Government Professor at Princeton University, and later President of the University. This makes him the first of only two professional educators to become President. The second was Lyndon Johnson.
When Confederate president, Jefferson Davis was being taken to prison in May, 1865, his carriage passed through Augusta, Georgia. Woodrow Wilson was among the onlookers along with his father, the town's Presbyterian minister.

Personal Quotes (6)

[After viewing The Birth of a Nation (1915)]: It was like writing history with lightning. It is all so terribly true.
[1920: Upon hearing that the Senate had defeated his proposal for the League of Nations] They have shamed us in the eyes of the world.
Never murder a man who is committing suicide.
All that progressives desire is permission to interpret the Constitution according to Darwinian principle.
[on dreams] All big men are dreamers. They see things in the soft haze of a spring day or in the red fire of a long winter's evening. Some of us let our dreams die, but others nourish and protect them, nurse them through bad days till they bring them to sunshine and light, which always come to those who sincerely believe that their dreams will come true.
[on father] My best training came from my father.

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