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Eleanor Roosevelt Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (4) | Mini Bio (1) | Spouse (1) | Trivia (16) | Personal Quotes (12)

Overview (4)

Date of Birth 11 October 1884New York City, New York, USA
Date of Death 7 November 1962New York City, New York, USA  (complications from tuberculosis)
Birth NameAnna Eleanor Roosevelt
Height 5' 11" (1.8 m)

Mini Bio (1)

Eleanor Roosevelt was born on October 11, 1884 in New York City, New York, USA as Anna Eleanor Roosevelt. She was a writer, known for The Frank Sinatra Timex Show: To the Ladies (1960), Universal Newsreel (1945) and President Kennedy's Birthday Salute (1962). She was married to Franklin D. Roosevelt. She died on November 7, 1962 in New York City.

Spouse (1)

Franklin D. Roosevelt (17 March 1905 - 12 April 1945) (his death) (6 children)

Trivia (16)

Pictured on a 5¢ US postage stamp issued in her honor, 11 October 1963.
Pictured on a 20¢ US commemorative postage stamp issued in her honor, 11 May 1984.
Children with Franklin D. Roosevelt: Anna Roosevelt (1906), James (1907), Franklin Jr. (1909, died as infant), Elliott Roosevelt (1910), Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. (1914) and John (1916).
First Lady of the United States (1933-1945).
Charter member of the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1973.
Cousin of Leila Roosevelt.
Her father was an alcoholic. He tried his best to receive treatment and to stop drinking, but he died when Eleanor was 10.
Niece of Theodore Roosevelt.
Quit the DAR (Daughters of the American Revolution) because they wouldn't allow contralto Marian Anderson to perform in Constitution Hall - the only venue large enough to accommodate the audience that Ms. Anderson would draw - because she was African-American. Mrs. Roosevelt then made arrangements for Miss Anderson's concert to be performed on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. More than 75,000 people attended.
Was given horrible medical advice, even for 1960s standards. When she first started feeling the affects of tuberculosis, she saw her doctors. They did the standard PPD test (which is still used today to diagnose TB). Even though she received a +PPD result (meaning she has or previously had TB), her doctors dismissed the findings and put her on steroids. She left the country for a goodwill tour of Europe. When she returned she was in worse health; the TB had taken over multiple organ systems. If she had been put on antibiotics that were available, she would have been cured. By giving her steroids her doctors compromised her immune system, and assisted the TB in becoming worse. Even if they had done nothing she would have been better off and had a better chance at survival. This was a huge medical blunder even for the standards of the day.
When Franklin D. Roosevelt was first elected, the Secret Service were not yet protecting the lives of the First Family. She was issued a gun for her own protection, and then they issued her a badge so she was legally allowed to carry the gun.
Incurred the wrath of Southern conservatives during the Depression when she visited the South and discovered that local officials of the WPA (Works Progress Administration, an agency set up to provide government jobs such as highway, bridge and building construction for the unemployed) were deliberately excluding blacks from the program. Outraged, she informed her husband, who ordered an immediate cessation to the practice after firing several agency officials (many Southerners afterwards referred to blacks they saw working on government projects as "Eleanor's niggers"). She further alienated many in the South when she pushed both her husband and Congress to end official racial segregation in the armed forces (although that policy wasn't finally implemented until several years after her husband died).
She is the only United States First Lady to not change her name after marriage, as she and Franklin D. Roosevelt already shared the same surname. Hillary Clinton kept her maiden name during the first seven years of her marriage, but started using her husband's last name when he ran for Governor of Arkansas is 1982.
She and husband Franklin D. Roosevelt were fifth cousins.
She was the tallest United States First Lady.
The Marion Anderson concert actually took place on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.

Personal Quotes (12)

Marriage and the upbringing of children in the home require as well-trained a mind and as well-disciplined a character as any other occupation that might be considered a career.
Friendship with oneself is all important, because without it one cannot be friends with anyone else in the world.
The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.
Courage is more exhilarating than fear and in the long run, it is easier. We do not have to become heroes over night. Just a step at a time, meeting each thing that comes up, seeing it is not as dreadful as it appeared, discovering we have the strength stare it down.
No one can make you inferior without your consent.
Happiness isn't a goal; it's a by-product.
Women are like tea bags - you never know how strong they are until they get in hot water.
On work: When you cease to make a contribution, you begin to die.
You gain strength, courage, and confidence by every experience in which you really stop to look fear in the face. You are able to say to yourself, 'I lived through this horror. I can take the next thing that comes along.' You must do the things you think you cannot do.
[on choice] Somewhere along the line of our development we discover what we really are, and then we make our decision for which we are responsible. Make that decision primarily for yourself because you can never live anyone else's life.
Life must be lived and curiosity kept alive. One must never, for whatever reason, turn his back on life.
Every day do something that scares you.

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