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Austrian stage actor/director with strong communist leanings. The son of a civil servant, he was trained at the University of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna and began on stage in 1924. After acting in German theatres, he had long residencies at the Theater in der Josefstadt in Vienna (1933-38) and at the Schauspielhaus Zürich 1938-45, also staging classic plays. Co-founder after the war of ...